Ground source heat pumps and their interactions with underground railway tunnels in an urban environment: A review

Journal article


Revesz, A, Chaer, I, Thompson, J, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, MJ and Maidment, GG (2015). Ground source heat pumps and their interactions with underground railway tunnels in an urban environment: A review. Applied Thermal Engineering. 93, pp. 147 - 154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.09.011
AuthorsRevesz, A, Chaer, I, Thompson, J, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, MJ and Maidment, GG
Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) can provide an efficient way of heating and cooling buildings due to their high operating efficiencies. The implementation of these systems in urban environments could have further benefits. In such locations the ground source heat is potentially more accessible through alternative sources such as through underground railways (URs). The heat from the ground surrounding an UR tunnel could be exploited to enhance the operation of GSHPs operating in heating mode. To achieve this, the interactions of GSHPs with neighbouring URs must be fully understood but there is little exploration of these in current literature. This paper focuses on the potential benefit of understanding such interactions. It starts with a summary of typical and alternative heat sources for heat pumps and then it highlights the reasons why URs can be regarded as one of the most attractive ones. Then the paper reviews the current approaches used to model GSHPs and URs. Based on that review the paper suggests a method for the combined analysis of GSHPs and URs. The reasons why London is a sensible choice for a case study are also described. Summary of results from a preliminary investigation are also presented.

The authors would like to express their gratitude for the support by London Underground Ltd and the interdisciplinary centre for Storage, Transformation and Upgrading of Thermal Energy (i-STUTE).

Year2015
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Journal citation93, pp. 147 - 154
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1359-4311
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.09.011
Publication dates
Print09 Oct 2015
Publication process dates
Deposited15 Aug 2016
Accepted05 Sep 2015
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Evans, J, Ge, YT, Tassou, SA, Foster, A and Maidment, GG (2016). Evaluation of Supermarket Energy Use and Emissions with Various Technology Options. Proceedings of IOR. Solihul 03 Mar 2016
Modelling and Evaluation of Supermarket Energy Use and Emissions
Maidment, GG (2016). Modelling and Evaluation of Supermarket Energy Use and Emissions. Proceedings of the Institute of Refrigeration.
Supermarket energy use and greenhouse gas emissions – technology options review
Evans, JA, Maidment, GG, Brown, T, Hammond, E and Foster, A (2016). Supermarket energy use and greenhouse gas emissions – technology options review. Proceedings of the Institute of Refrigeration. London 03 Mar 2016
UK Centre for Efficient and Renewable Energy in Buildings (CEREB)- Lessons Learned After 5 Years of Running
Yebiyo, M, Chaer, I, Shatha, H, Ye, Z and Dunn, A (2016). UK Centre for Efficient and Renewable Energy in Buildings (CEREB)- Lessons Learned After 5 Years of Running. 9th International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications. Abu Dhabi, UAE 24 - 26 Mar 2016 London South Bank University.
Alternative Heat Transfer Fluid in Heating Systems-Energy Results from a Real Case Study
Yebiyo, M, Chaer, I, Shatha, H, Ye, Z, Peter, S and Kadir, D (2016). Alternative Heat Transfer Fluid in Heating Systems-Energy Results from a Real Case Study. 9th International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications. Abu Dhabi, UAE 24 - 26 Mar 2016
An investigation of Cooling Unit Performance on the London Underground Railway Network
Maidment, GG (2016). An investigation of Cooling Unit Performance on the London Underground Railway Network. CIBSE technical symposium. Edinburgh 13 - 15 Apr 2016 CIBSE.
Carbon reduction opportunities for supermarkets
Evans, JA, Maidment, GG, Brown, T, Hammond, E and Foster, A (2016). Carbon reduction opportunities for supermarkets. 4th IIR International Conference on Sustainability and the Cold Chain. Auckland, New Zealand 07 - 09 Apr 2016 IIR. https://doi.org/10.18462/iir.iccc.2016.0042
Experimental study and flow visualization of Fe2O3/kerosene in glass oscillating heat pipes
Goshayeshi, HR and Chaer, I (2016). Experimental study and flow visualization of Fe2O3/kerosene in glass oscillating heat pipes. Applied Thermal Engineering. 103, pp. 1213-1218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.04.109
The Value of hybrid heat pumps
Yebiyo, M and Maidment, GG (2016). The Value of hybrid heat pumps. CIBSE journal. 2016 (Aug).
Large scale cooling using mains water
Davies, GF, Maidment, GG, Paurine, A, Rutter, P, Evans, T and Tozer, R (2016). Large scale cooling using mains water. 12th Institute of Refrigeration Gustav Lorentzen Natural Working Fluids Conference. Edinburgh, UK 21 - 24 Aug 2016
Simulation of the heat recovery use of R744 systems in a supermarket
Colombo, I, Maidment, GG, Chaer, I and Paurine, A (2016). Simulation of the heat recovery use of R744 systems in a supermarket. 12th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Natural Working Fluids Conference. Edinburgh, UK 21 - 24 Aug 2016 IIR. https://doi.org/10.18462/iir.gl.2016.1180
Solar assisted heat pumps
Godbold, R, Paurine, A and Maidment, GG (2016). Solar assisted heat pumps. 12th Gustav Lorentzen Natural Working Fluids conference. Edinburgh 20 - 22 Aug 2016
Effects of testing techniques on the SWRC of a partially saturated soil
Zhang, X, Mavroulidou, M and Gunn, MJ (2016). Effects of testing techniques on the SWRC of a partially saturated soil. 3rd European Conference on Unsaturated Soils. Online conference 12 Sep 2016 London South Bank University. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20160910006
Carbon reduction opportunities for supermarkets
Evans, J, Maidment, GG, Brown, T, Hammond, E and Foster, A (2016). Carbon reduction opportunities for supermarkets. IRHACE journal.
The role of local joint flexibility (LJF) in the structural assessments of ageing offshore structures
Khan, R, Kraincanic, I, Smith, K and Gunn, M (2016). The role of local joint flexibility (LJF) in the structural assessments of ageing offshore structures. The 12th ISOPE Pacific/Asia Offshore Mechanics Symposium. Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia 04 - 07 Oct 2016 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 518-524
An investigation of refrigerant leakage in commercial refrigeration
Francis, C, Maidment, GG and Davies, GF (2016). An investigation of refrigerant leakage in commercial refrigeration. International Journal of Refrigeration. 74 (Feb), pp. 10-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2016.10.009
DEVELOPING CIRCULAR ECONOMY FOR THE RETAIL REFRIGERATION INDUSTRY: HOW FINANCIAL INCENTIVES COULD INFLUENCE REMANUFACTURiNG OF REFRIGERATED DISPLAY CABINETS IN THE UK
Muranko, Z, Andrews, D, Chaer, I, Newton, EJ, Proudman, P and Longhurst, M (2016). DEVELOPING CIRCULAR ECONOMY FOR THE RETAIL REFRIGERATION INDUSTRY: HOW FINANCIAL INCENTIVES COULD INFLUENCE REMANUFACTURiNG OF REFRIGERATED DISPLAY CABINETS IN THE UK. Sustainable Innovation 2016 21st International Conference ‘Circular Economy’ Innovation & Design. University for the Creative Arts Epsom, Surrey, UK 07 - 08 Nov 2016
Life Cycle Assessment of salmon cold chains: Comparison between chilling and superchilling technologies
Hoang, HM, Leducq, D, Brown, T, Maidment, GG, Indergård, E and Alvarez, G (2015). Life Cycle Assessment of salmon cold chains: Comparison between chilling and superchilling technologies. Proceedings of the 24th IIR International Congress of Refrigeration. Yokohama, Japan 16 - 22 Aug 2015 International Institute of Refrigeration. pp. 4574-4581 https://doi.org/10.18462/iir.icr.2015.0440
Modelling and development of sustainable Refrigerated road transport systems
Francis, C, Davies, G, Evans, J, Maughan, P, Sherwood, J and Maidment, GG (2015). Modelling and development of sustainable Refrigerated road transport systems. Refrigeration Science and Technology. https://doi.org/10.18462/iir.icr.2015.0324
Comparison of copper and glass oscillating heat pipes with Fe2O3 under magnetic field.
Goshayeshi, HR and Chaer, I (2015). Comparison of copper and glass oscillating heat pipes with Fe2O3 under magnetic field. International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies. 11 (4), pp. 455- 459. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijlct/ctv021
Estimation of Cooling Energy Demand and Carbon Emissions from Urban Buildings using a Quasi-dynamic Model
Cowan, D, Maidment, GG and Chaer, I (2014). Estimation of Cooling Energy Demand and Carbon Emissions from Urban Buildings using a Quasi-dynamic Model. ASHRAE 2014 Winter Conference. New York city, USA 18 - 22 Jan 2014 London South Bank University.
A Carbon Footprint Study and a Life Cycle Assessment of an identical Refrigerated Display Cabinet: comparative analysis of the respective ratios of embodied and operational impacts
Bibalou, D, Andrews, D, Chaer, I, Maidment, GG and Longhurst, M (2014). A Carbon Footprint Study and a Life Cycle Assessment of an identical Refrigerated Display Cabinet: comparative analysis of the respective ratios of embodied and operational impacts. 4th International Conference on Life Cycle Approaches. Lille, France 05 - 06 Nov 2014 Forum for Sustainability Through Life Cycle Innovation.
Theoretical modelling and experimental investigation of a thermal energy storage refrigerator
Marques, AC, Davies, GF, Evans, JA, Maidment, GG and Wood, ID (2013). Theoretical modelling and experimental investigation of a thermal energy storage refrigerator. Energy. 55, pp. 457-465. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2013.03.091
The use of phase change materials in domestic refrigerator applications
Evans, J, Marques, C, Davies, G, Maidment, GG and Wood, ID (2013). The use of phase change materials in domestic refrigerator applications. Proceedings of the Institute of Refrigeration 2013-2014. London, UK 07 Nov 2013 Institute of Refrigeration.
Potential life cycle carbon savings with low emissivity packaging for refrigerated food on display
Davies, GF, Man, CMD, Andrews, D, Paurine, A, Hutchins, MG and Maidment, GG (2012). Potential life cycle carbon savings with low emissivity packaging for refrigerated food on display. Journal of Food Engineering. 109 (2), pp. 202-208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2011.10.018
Description and validation of a computer based refrigeration system simulator
Eames, IW, Brown, T, Evans, JA and Maidment, GG (2012). Description and validation of a computer based refrigeration system simulator. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture. 85, pp. 53-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2012.03.010
Carbon dioxide refrigeration with heat recovery for supermarkets
Colombo, I, Maidment, GG, Chaer, I and Missenden, JM (2012). Carbon dioxide refrigeration with heat recovery for supermarkets. International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies. 9 (1), pp. 38-44. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijlct/cts040
REAL Zero – Reducing refrigerant emissions & leakage- feedback from the IOR Project
Cowan, D, Gartshore, J, Christina, F, Chaer, I and Maidment, GG (2011). REAL Zero – Reducing refrigerant emissions & leakage- feedback from the IOR Project. Proceedings of the Institute of Refrigeration.
Modelling and performance evaluation of a low-temperature ammonia-water absorption refrigeration system
Ge, YT, Tassou, SA and Chaer, I (2009). Modelling and performance evaluation of a low-temperature ammonia-water absorption refrigeration system. International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies. 4 (2), pp. 68 - 77. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijlct/ctp015
Trigeneration in food retail: An energetic, economic and environmental evaluation for a supermarket application; Applied Thermal Engineering
Sugiartha, N, Tassou, SA, Chaer, I and Marriott, D (2007). Trigeneration in food retail: An energetic, economic and environmental evaluation for a supermarket application; Applied Thermal Engineering. Applied Thermal Engineering. 29 (13), pp. 2624-2632. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2008.11.018
Heat transfer and pressure drop of ice slurries in plate heat exchangers
Bellas, J, Chaer, I and Tassou, SA (2002). Heat transfer and pressure drop of ice slurries in plate heat exchangers. Applied Thermal Engineering. 22 (7), pp. 721 - 732. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-4311(01)00126-0