A Review of Recent Advances in Emerging Alternative Heating and Cooling Technologies
Ismail, M., Yebiyo, M. and Chaer, I. (2021). A Review of Recent Advances in Emerging Alternative Heating and Cooling Technologies. Energies. 14 (2), pp. 502-502. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14020502
|Ismail, M., Yebiyo, M. and Chaer, I.
The heating and cooling industry underpins everything we do, e.g., manufacturing, commercial and residential applications. Many of these applications invariably use mechanical refrigeration technologies, consequently contributing significantly to the environmental impacts of the refrigeration, air conditioning, and heat pump (RACHP) industry both through direct and indirect emissions of CO2. To reduce these emissions, research and development worldwide aim to improve the performance of conventional systems and the development of new refrigeration technologies of potentially much lower environmental impacts. As we transition to a low carbon economy, there are sizable environmental and economic benefits from developing and using efficient, innovative, low carbon heating and cooling technologies that reduce energy use and carbon emissions. This paper provides an up-to-date and comprehensive critical review and evaluation of recent advances in emerging alternative heating and cooling technologies that have the potential to reduce the environmental impacts of refrigeration in the RACHP sector. The paper highlights the basic working principle of operation, its main applications, the challenges and opportunities in penetrating the market. The paper also highlights further research and development needed to accelerate the development and adoption of these alternative refrigeration technologies by the sector. Most of the technologies reviewed have a Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of 3–4, except electrocaloric technology which is less ready compared to its counterparts with a TRL of 1–2 at this stage. Furthermore, most technologies have capacities ranging between a few kilowatts to a maximum of 7 kW with a coefficient of performance COP between 1 and 10 reported in the literature.
|alternative refrigeration; electrocaloric; magnetic; thermoelectric; thermoacoustic; stirling; barocaloric; elastocaloric; emerging refrigeration technologies
|14 (2), pp. 502-502
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
|19 Jan 2021
|Publication process dates
|14 Jan 2021
|01 Feb 2021
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