A study of bacteria producing carbonic anhydrase enzyme for CaCO3 precipitation and soil biocementation

Journal article


Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Timmermans, M., Gunn, M., Gray, C., Pantoja-Muñoz, L. and Purchase, D. (2024). A study of bacteria producing carbonic anhydrase enzyme for CaCO3 precipitation and soil biocementation . Environmental Science and Pollution Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-024-34077-0
AuthorsMwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Timmermans, M., Gunn, M., Gray, C., Pantoja-Muñoz, L. and Purchase, D.
Abstract

We study the carbonic anhydrase (CA) pathway using autochthonous CA-producing bacteria as a means of inducing calcite precipitation, which acts as a biocement to improve the engineering soil properties. Forty different microbial strains producing CA were isolated from the foundation soil of a railway embankment in Prickwillow, UK. Three of the best CA-producing strains were selected and identified by DNA sequencing as Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus toyonensis and Bacillus pumilus with CA activity values respectively of 1.79 U/ml, 1.42 U/ml and 1.55 U/ml. To optimise the treatments, we investigated the effect of pH, temperature, zinc co-factor and cementation solution molarity on the growth and CA activity and bioprecipitates, with CO2 added in the form of bicarbonate. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) analysis of the bioprecipitates showed that these had characteristic morphologies of calcite and vaterite crystals. The formation of calcite was further corroborated by FT-IR and Raman analysis of bioprecipitates. The precultured bacteria were injected into the fine-grained soil together with cementation solution. Unconfined compressive strength in treated soil increased up to 1MPa and its calcium carbonate content increased by 2.78%. This, as well as the stability of the treated soil upon water immersion, proved the biocementation of the fine-grained soil. These findings suggest the potential of employing the CA biocementation route for soil stabilisation pending further development of the technique.

KeywordsCarbonic Anhydrase enzyme; microbiological study; calcite precipitation; biocementation; ground improvement
Year2024
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-024-34077-0
Publication process dates
Accepted18 Jun 2024
Deposited01 Jul 2024
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/97875

Restricted files

Accepted author manuscript

  • 18
    total views
  • 1
    total downloads
  • 18
    views this month
  • 1
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Experiments and modelling of soil biocementation using the carbonic anhydrase metabolic pathway
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M. and Purchase, D. (2024). Experiments and modelling of soil biocementation using the carbonic anhydrase metabolic pathway. XVIII European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering ECSMGE 2024. Lisbon, Portugal 30 Jul - 26 Aug 2024
Use of CO2-induced siderite and dolomite with nanoclay for soil improvement
Abdeh Keykha, H., Mavroulidou, M. and Mohamadzadeh Romiani, H. (2024). Use of CO2-induced siderite and dolomite with nanoclay for soil improvement . XVIII European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering ECSMGE 2024. Lisbon, Portugal 30 Jul - 26 Aug 2024
The challenge of ammonia free soil bio-cementation and recent breakthroughs: A review of phospate minerals for soil biocementation
Joshi, S., Mavroulidou, M. and Gunn, M. (2024). The challenge of ammonia free soil bio-cementation and recent breakthroughs: A review of phospate minerals for soil biocementation. 11th International Conference on Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics (CEMEPE 2024) and SECOTOX Conference. Lefkada, Greece 16 Jun - 20 Jul 2024
Application of CO2 -induced carbonate minerals for soil treatment
Abdeh Keykha, H., Mavroulidou, M. and Mohamadzadeh Romiani, H. (2024). Application of CO2 -induced carbonate minerals for soil treatment. 11th International Conference on Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics (CEMEPE 2024) and SECOTOX Conference. Lefkada, Greece 16 Jun - 20 Jul 2024
Concurrent Carbon Capture and Biocementation through the Carbonic Anhydrase (CA) Activity of Microorganisms -a Review and Outlook, Environmental Processes
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M. and Purchase, D. (2023). Concurrent Carbon Capture and Biocementation through the Carbonic Anhydrase (CA) Activity of Microorganisms -a Review and Outlook, Environmental Processes. Environmental Processes. 10 (56). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40710-023-00667-2
An electrokinetic-biocementation study for clay stabilisation using carbonic anhydrase-producing bacteria
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Satheesh, S., Gunn, M.J., Gray, C., Purchase, D. and Garelick, J. (2023). An electrokinetic-biocementation study for clay stabilisation using carbonic anhydrase-producing bacteria. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-023-29817-7
Synthesis and Utilisation of Hybrid Metal-Carbonic Anhydrase Enzyme Carrier System for Soil Biocementation
Mwandira, W., Purchase, D., Mavroulidou, M. and Gunn, J. M. (2023). Synthesis and Utilisation of Hybrid Metal-Carbonic Anhydrase Enzyme Carrier System for Soil Biocementation. Applied Sciences. 13 (17), p. 9494. https://doi.org/10.3390/app13179494
Use of fruit and vegetable waste as growth media in bacterial biocementation for ground improvement applications
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M. and Gray, C. (2023). Use of fruit and vegetable waste as growth media in bacterial biocementation for ground improvement applications. 18th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology CEST2023. Athens, GREECE 30 Aug - 02 Sep 2023 CEST.
A study of the properties of alkali activated cement concrete with potassium carbonate activator
Mavroulidou, M. (2023). A study of the properties of alkali activated cement concrete with potassium carbonate activator. 18th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology CEST2023. Athens, GREECE 30 Aug - 02 Sep 2023 CEST.
A study of physical and hydraulic properties of green roof substrates including waste materials
Mavroulidou, M. and Gray, C. (2023). A study of physical and hydraulic properties of green roof substrates including waste materials. 10th Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics (CEMEPE 2023) and SECOTOX Conference. Skiathos island, Greece. 05 - 09 Jun 2023
Synthesis, characterisation, and utilisation of copper nanoflower for biocementation for ground improvement applications
Mwandira, W., Purchase, D., Gunn, M.J. and Mavroulidou, M. (2023). Synthesis, characterisation, and utilisation of copper nanoflower for biocementation for ground improvement applications. 9th International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics. Chania, Crete island, Greece 25 Jun - 28 Jul 2023
Biocementation mediated by native Carbonic Anhydrase-producing microbes.
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M.J., Garelick, J. and Purchase, D. (2023). Biocementation mediated by native Carbonic Anhydrase-producing microbes. 10th Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics (CEMEPE 2023) and SECOTOX Conference. Skiathos island, Greece. 05 - 09 Jun 2023 CEMEPE.
An assessment of different alkali-activated cements as stabilisers of sulphate-bearing soils
Mavroulidou, M., Gray, C., Pantoja-Muñoz, L. and Gunn, M. (2023). An assessment of different alkali-activated cements as stabilisers of sulphate-bearing soils. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology. https://doi.org/10.1144/qjegh2022-057
Electrokinetic stabilisation of peat using biobased ground improvement technique
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M.J., Safdar, M.U., Garelick, J., Garelick, H. and Purchase, D. (2022). Electrokinetic stabilisation of peat using biobased ground improvement technique. The 18th International Symposium on Electrokinetic Remediation. Le Havre, France. 20 - 22 Sep 2022
Mechanical and durability performance of alkali-activated slag cement concretes with carbonate and silicate activators
Mavroulidou, M., Sanam, I. and Mengasini, L. (2022). Mechanical and durability performance of alkali-activated slag cement concretes with carbonate and silicate activators. Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy. 31, p. 100896. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scp.2022.100896
No Access An investigation of the strength evolution of lime-treated London clay soil
Kichou, Z., Mavroulidou, M. and Gunn, M. (2022). No Access An investigation of the strength evolution of lime-treated London clay soil. Proceedings of the ICE Ground Improvement. 176 (5), pp. 321-332. https://doi.org/10.1680/jgrim.21.00053
Properties of structural concrete with highstrength cement mixes containing waste paper sludge ash
Mavroulidou, M., Feruku, B. and Boulouki, G. (2022). Properties of structural concrete with highstrength cement mixes containing waste paper sludge ash. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-022-01402-z
The Potential Use of Food Waste in Biocementation Process for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M., Garelick, H. and Purchase, D. (2022). The Potential Use of Food Waste in Biocementation Process for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials. in: Wong, M.H., Purchase, D. and Dickinson, N. (ed.) Food Waste Valorisation World Scientific Publishing.
Biocementation through the carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity of microorganisms -A review
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M., H. Garelick and D. Purchase (2022). Biocementation through the carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity of microorganisms -A review. 9th International Conference on Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics (CEMEPE 2022) and SECOTOX Conference. Mykonos, Greece 03 - 09 Jun 2022
Chapter 13 - Stabilization/solidification of mining waste via biocementation
Mwandira, W., Nakashima, N. and Kawasaki, S. (2022). Chapter 13 - Stabilization/solidification of mining waste via biocementation. in: Tsang, D.C.W and Wang, L. (ed.) Low Carbon Stabilization and Solidification of Hazardous Wastes Elsevier. pp. 201-209
Artificial Fusion Protein to Facilitate Calcium Carbonate Mineralization on Insoluble Polysaccharide for Efficient Biocementation
Nawarathna, T.H.K, Nakashima, K., Kawabe, T., Mwandira, W., Kurumisawa, k. and Kawasaki, S. (2022). Artificial Fusion Protein to Facilitate Calcium Carbonate Mineralization on Insoluble Polysaccharide for Efficient Biocementation. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 9 (34), p. 11493–11502. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c03730
Biosorption of Pb (II) and Zn (II) from aqueous solution by Oceanobacillus profundus isolated from an abandoned mine
Mwandira, W., Nakashima. K., Kawasaki, S, Arabelo, A., Banda, K., Nyambe, I., Chirwa, M., Ito, M., Sato, T., Igarashi, T., Nakayama, N., Hakuto, N. and Ishizuka, M (2022). Biosorption of Pb (II) and Zn (II) from aqueous solution by Oceanobacillus profundus isolated from an abandoned mine. Scientific Reports. 10 (21189). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-78187-4
Bioremediation of lead-contaminated mine waste by Pararhodobacter sp. based on the microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation technique and its effects on strength of coarse and fine grained sand
Mwandira, W., Nakashima, K. and Kawasaki, S. (2022). Bioremediation of lead-contaminated mine waste by Pararhodobacter sp. based on the microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation technique and its effects on strength of coarse and fine grained sand. Ecological Engineering. 109 (Part A), pp. 57-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.09.011
A review on the potential use of flammable gases from sewage systems as a source of energy
Ghaffari, M., Paurine, A., Ali, S. and Mavroulidou, M. A review on the potential use of flammable gases from sewage systems as a source of energy . 17th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology CEST2021. Athens, Greece 01 - 04 Sep 2021 Springer.
A comparative study of alkali activated slag cement concretes with carbonates and silicate activators.
Sanam, I. and Mavroulidou, M. A comparative study of alkali activated slag cement concretes with carbonates and silicate activators. 17th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology CEST2021. Athens, Greece 01 - 04 Sep 2021 Springer.
A comparative study of different biocementation implementation methods for embankment foundation soil
Safdar, M., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M., Diane Purchase, Ian Payne and Jonathan Garelick (2021). A comparative study of different biocementation implementation methods for embankment foundation soil . 3rd EUROPEAN REGIONAL CONFERENCE OF IAEG. ATHENS, GREECE 06 - 10 Oct 2021
Performance of different chemical soil stabilisers in the presence of sulphates
Mavroulidou, M., Gray, C. and Gunn, M. (2021). Performance of different chemical soil stabilisers in the presence of sulphates . 3rd EUROPEAN REGIONAL CONFERENCE OF IAEG. ATHENS, GREECE 06 - 10 Oct 2021
A comparative assessment of alkali-activated stabilisers including waste materials, for the treatment of swelling-shrinking soils
Mavroulidou, M., Gray, C. and Gunn, M. (2021). A comparative assessment of alkali-activated stabilisers including waste materials, for the treatment of swelling-shrinking soils. 17th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology CEST2021. Athens, Greece 01 - 04 Sep 2021 Springer.
A Study of Innovative Alkali-Activated Binders for Soil Stabilisation in the Context of Engineering Sustainability and Circular Economy
Mavroulidou, M., Gray, C. and Gunn, M. (2021). A Study of Innovative Alkali-Activated Binders for Soil Stabilisation in the Context of Engineering Sustainability and Circular Economy. Circular Economy and Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43615-021-00112-2
Towards the Development of Sustainable Ground Improvement Techniques —Biocementation Study of an Organic Soil
Safdar, M.U., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M.J., Purchase, D., Gray, C., Payne, I. and Garelick, J. (2021). Towards the Development of Sustainable Ground Improvement Techniques —Biocementation Study of an Organic Soil. Circular Economy and Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43615-021-00071-8
Electrokinetic biocementation of an organic soil
Safdar, M.U., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M.J., Purchase, D., Payne, I. and Garelick, J. (2021). Electrokinetic biocementation of an organic soil. Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy. 21, p. 100405. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scp.2021.100405
Alkali-activated concrete mixes with ground granulated blast furnace slag and paper sludge ash in seawater environments
Mengasini, L., Mavroulidou, M. and Gunn, M. (2021). Alkali-activated concrete mixes with ground granulated blast furnace slag and paper sludge ash in seawater environments. Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy. 20, p. 100380. https://doi.org/10.​1016/​j.​scp.​2021.​100380
Alkali-activated slag concrete with paper industry waste
Mavroulidou, M. and Shah, Shamil (2021). Alkali-activated slag concrete with paper industry waste. Waste Management & Research: The Journal for a Sustainable Circular Economy. 39 (3), pp. 466-472. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242x20983890
Open letter from UK based academic scientists to the secretaries of state for digital, culture, media and sport and for health and social care regarding the need for independent funding for the prevention and treatment of gambling harms
Wardle, H, Banks, J, Bebbington, P, Blank, L, Bowden Jones Obe, H, Bramley, S, Bunn, C, Casey, E, Cassidy, R, Chamberlain, SR, Close, J, Critchlow, N, Dobbie, F, Downs, C, Dymond, S, Fino, E, Goyder, E, Gray, C, Griffiths, M, Grindrod, P, Hogan, L, Hoon, A, Hunt, K, James, R, John, B, Manthorpe, J, McCambridge, J, McDaid, D, McKee, M, McManus, S, Moss, A, Norrie, C, Nutt, DJ, Orford, J, Pryce, R, Purves, R, Reith, G, Roberts, A, Roberts, E, Roderique-Davies, G, Rogers, J, Rogers, RD, Sharman, S, Strang, J, Tunney, R, Turner, J, West, R and Zendle, D (2020). Open letter from UK based academic scientists to the secretaries of state for digital, culture, media and sport and for health and social care regarding the need for independent funding for the prevention and treatment of gambling harms. The BMJ. 370, pp. m2613-m2613. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2613
Alkali-activated cements for ground improvement
Mavroulidou, M, Gray, C and Gunn, M J (2020). Alkali-activated cements for ground improvement. 6th International Symposium on Green Chemistry, Sustainable Development and Circular Economy (Greenchem6). Thessaloniki, Greece 20 - 23 Sep 2020
Biocementation of an organic soil using indigenous ureolytic bacteria
Safdar, M U, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, M J, Garelick, J, Payne, I and Purchase, D (2020). Biocementation of an organic soil using indigenous ureolytic bacteria. 6th International Symposium on Green Chemistry, Sustainable Development and Circular Economy (Greenchem6). Thessaloniki, Greece 20 - 23 Sep 2020
Innovative methods of ground improvement for railway embankment peat fens foundation soil
Safdar, M.U., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M.J., Garelick, J., Payne, I. and Purchase, D. (2020). Innovative methods of ground improvement for railway embankment peat fens foundation soil. Géotechnique. 71 (11), pp. 985-998. https://doi.org/10.1680/jgeot.19.sip.030
Implementation of biocementation for a partially saturated problematic soil of the UK railway network
Safdar, MU, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, MJ, Gray, C, Diane, P, Jonathan, G and Ian, P (2020). Implementation of biocementation for a partially saturated problematic soil of the UK railway network. e-unsat2020. Lisbon 19 - 21 Oct 2020
A comparative assessment of chemical stabilisers including waste materials, for the treatment of swelling-shrinking soils
Mavroulidou, M., Gray, C., Gumbochuma, F. and Gunn, M.J. (2020). A comparative assessment of chemical stabilisers including waste materials, for the treatment of swelling-shrinking soils. E-UNSAT2020. Lisbon 19 - 21 Oct 2020
Mechanism of salinity change and hydrogeochemical evolution of groundwater in the Machile-Zambezi Basin, South-western Zambia
Banda, K.E., Mwandira, W., Jakobsen, R., Ogola, J., Nyambe, I. and Larsen, F. (2019). Mechanism of salinity change and hydrogeochemical evolution of groundwater in the Machile-Zambezi Basin, South-western Zambia. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 153, pp. 72-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2019.02.022
Solidification of sand by Pb(II)-tolerant bacteria for capping mine waste to control metallic dust: Case of the abandoned Kabwe Mine, Zambia
Mwandira, W., Nakashima. K., Kawasaki, S., Ito, M., Sato, T., Igarashi, T., Banda, K., Chirwa, M., Nyambe, I., Nakayama, N., Hakuto, N. and Ishizuka, M. (2019). Solidification of sand by Pb(II)-tolerant bacteria for capping mine waste to control metallic dust: Case of the abandoned Kabwe Mine, Zambia. Chemosphere. 228, pp. 17-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.04.107
Efficacy of biocementation of lead mine waste from the Kabwe Mine site evaluated using Pararhodobacter sp.
Mwandira, W., Nakashima. K., Kawasaki, s., Ito, M., Sato, T., Igarashi, T., Banda, K., Chirwa, M., Nyambe, I., Nakayama, N. and Ishizuka, M. (2019). Efficacy of biocementation of lead mine waste from the Kabwe Mine site evaluated using Pararhodobacter sp. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 26, pp. 15653-15664. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04984-8
Cellulose-metallothionein biosorbent for removal of Pb(II) and Zn(II) from polluted water
Mwandira, W., Nakashima, K., Yuki, T., Sato, T. and Kawasaki, S. (2019). Cellulose-metallothionein biosorbent for removal of Pb(II) and Zn(II) from polluted water. Chemosphere. 246 (125733), pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125733
Comparison of the technical performance of a discretely supported slab track system and an embedded slab track system in a high-speed railway
Alkhateeb, M., Ali, A., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M. and Wehbi, M. (2019). Comparison of the technical performance of a discretely supported slab track system and an embedded slab track system in a high-speed railway. Railway Engineering 2019. Edinburgh, Scotland 03 - 04 Jul 2019
Geotechnical properties of paper recycling waste streams
Mavroulidou, M., Hassan, S., Gray, C., Gunn, M., Youssef, A. and Garelick, J. (2019). Geotechnical properties of paper recycling waste streams. ECSMGE 2019 – XVII European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. Reykjavik, Iceland 01 - 06 Sep 2019 https://doi.org/10.32075/17ECSMGE-2019-0560
Innovative cementing agents, used as alternatives to conventional soil stabilisers
Mavroulidou, M., Gray, C., Mbey, P. and Gunn, M. (2019). Innovative cementing agents, used as alternatives to conventional soil stabilisers. ECSMGE 2019 – XVII European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. Reykjavik, Iceland 01 - 06 Sep 2019 https://doi.org/10.32075/17ECSMGE-2019-0556
A study of alkali-activated concrete mixes in seawater environments
Mangasini, L., Mavroulidou, M. and Gunn, M. (2019). A study of alkali-activated concrete mixes in seawater environments. 16th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology. CEST2019. Rhodes, Greece 04 - 07 Sep 2019
Innovative methods of ground improvement for two problematic UK railway earthwork materials
Mavroulidou, M., Safdar, M.U., Gunn, M., Gray, C., Payne, I., Garelick, J. and Purchase, D. (2019). Innovative methods of ground improvement for two problematic UK railway earthwork materials. 16th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology. CEST2019. Rhodes, Greece 04 - 07 Sep 2019
A study on the potential use of paper sludge ash in concrete with glass aggregate
Mavroulidou, M and Awoliyi, S (2018). A study on the potential use of paper sludge ash in concrete with glass aggregate. Waste Management & Research: The Journal for a Sustainable Circular Economy. 36 (11), pp. 1061-1065. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242x18801196
Performance Enhancement of Urban Ground Source Heat Pumps through Interactions with Underground Railway Tunnels
Revesz, A, Chaer, I, Thompson, J, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, M and Maidment, GG (2018). Performance Enhancement of Urban Ground Source Heat Pumps through Interactions with Underground Railway Tunnels. Ashrae Winter Conference. Chicago 22 - 24 Jan 2018 London South Bank University.
A study of alkali-activated concrete mixes with ground granulated blast furnace slag
Mavroulidou, M and Martynkova, R (2018). A study of alkali-activated concrete mixes with ground granulated blast furnace slag. Global NEST Journal. https://doi.org/10.30955/gnj.002370
Use of paper sludge ash as a calcium-based stabiliser for clay soils
Mavroulidou, M (2018). Use of paper sludge ash as a calcium-based stabiliser for clay soils. Waste Management and Research. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X18804043
Modelling of Heat Energy Recovery Potential form Underground Railways with Nearby Vertical Ground Heat Exchangers in an Urban Environment
Revesz, A, Chaer, I, Thompson, J, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, M and Graeme, M (2018). Modelling of Heat Energy Recovery Potential form Underground Railways with Nearby Vertical Ground Heat Exchangers in an Urban Environment. Applied Thermal Engineering. 147, pp. 1059-1069. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.10.118
Can waste foundry sand fully replace structural concrete sand?
Mavroulidou, M (2018). Can waste foundry sand fully replace structural concrete sand? Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management. 21 (3), pp. 594-605. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-018-00821-1
Mechanical Properties and Durability of Concrete with Water Cooled Copper Slag Aggregate
Mavroulidou, M (2017). Mechanical Properties and Durability of Concrete with Water Cooled Copper Slag Aggregate. Waste and Biomass Valorization. 8, pp. 1841-1854. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-016-9819-3
Alternative calcium-based chemical stabilisers for ground improvement: Paper Sludge Ash treatment of London Clay
Mavroulidou, M, Ziniatis, A and Gray, C (2017). Alternative calcium-based chemical stabilisers for ground improvement: Paper Sludge Ash treatment of London Clay. 15th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology (CEST2017). Rhodes, Greece 31 Aug - 03 Sep 2017
A study on low energy demand materials used in glasscrete to counteract alkali-silica reactions
Mavroulidou, M and Awoliyi, S (2017). A study on low energy demand materials used in glasscrete to counteract alkali-silica reactions. 15th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology CEST2017. Rhodes, Greece 31 Aug - 02 Sep 2017
A study of the water retention curve of lime-treated London Clay
Zhang, X, Mavroulidou, M and Gunn, MJ (2016). A study of the water retention curve of lime-treated London Clay. Acta Geotechnica. 12 (1), pp. 23-45. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11440-015-0432-6
Effects of testing techniques on the SWRC of a partially saturated soil
Zhang, X, Mavroulidou, M and Gunn, MJ (2016). Effects of testing techniques on the SWRC of a partially saturated soil. 3rd European Conference on Unsaturated Soils. Online conference 12 Sep 2016 London South Bank University. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20160910006
The role of local joint flexibility (LJF) in the structural assessments of ageing offshore structures
Khan, R., Kraincanic, I, Smith, K and Gunn, M (2016). The role of local joint flexibility (LJF) in the structural assessments of ageing offshore structures. The 12th ISOPE Pacific/Asia Offshore Mechanics Symposium. Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia 04 - 07 Oct 2016 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 518-524
Ground source heat pumps and their interactions with underground railway tunnels in an urban environment: A review
Revesz, A, Chaer, I, Thompson, J, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, MJ and Maidment, GG (2015). Ground source heat pumps and their interactions with underground railway tunnels in an urban environment: A review. Applied Thermal Engineering. 93, pp. 147 - 154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.09.011