Metering measurement challenges & monitoring of a large scale ground source heat pump (GSHP) system

Conference item


Yebiyo, M, Maidment, GG, Paurine, A and Day, A (2017). Metering measurement challenges & monitoring of a large scale ground source heat pump (GSHP) system. at American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air-conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) winter Conference. Las Vegas 28 Feb - 02 Mar 2017 London South Bank University.
AuthorsYebiyo, M, Maidment, GG, Paurine, A and Day, A
Abstract

Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHP) have significant potential to reduce carbon emissions. The performance of heat pumps is highly dependent on their interaction with the ground and specifically the extraction and injection of the heat. A number of literature reviews has shown how the performance of GSHP systems vary in practice when compared to the theoretical aspects. This paper provides detailed investigative work on heat metering installation difficulties and associated errors which affect the long term practical performance of GSHP systems. Particularly, incorrect installation of heat meters is a sensitive issue for a heat metering scheme designed to evaluate the performance of any heating technology since it’s likely that they will bias the readings. The findings obtained from this work confirm a range of generic installation problems that the refrigeration, air condition and heat pump (RACHP) industry is currently facing. The findings obtained from this study provide useful information for design and implementation of future GSHP systems in terms of improving energy efficiency as well as reducing costs. This study has identified a range of installation errors which include (i) temperature sensors being incorrectly positioned and/or installed (ii) incorrect selection of heat meters (iii) type of thermocouple pockets and (iv) poorly insulated sensors, all of which have contributed to an uncertainty error of ±20% of the system performance.

KeywordsGround Source Heat Pump, Control Strategy, Heat Metering
Year2017
PublisherLondon South Bank University
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
Publication dates
Print28 Feb 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited05 Jun 2017
Accepted30 Jun 2016
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/87050

  • 5
    total views
  • 4
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Related outputs

Preliminary Study of a Solar Assisted Heating System
Davies, G., Blower, J., Hall, R. and Maidment, G. (2020). Preliminary Study of a Solar Assisted Heating System. ASHRAE Winter Conference 2010. Orlando, Florida 01 - 05 Feb 2020
Heat from Underground Energy London (Heat FUEL)
Lagoeiro, H, Revesz, A, Davies, G, Maidment, G, Curry, D, Faulks, G and Bielicki, J (2019). Heat from Underground Energy London (Heat FUEL). CIBSE Technical Symposium. Sheffield, UK 25 - 26 Apr 2019
Cooling with heat recovery for electrical cable tunnels in cities
Davies, G, Revesz, A, Maidment, G, Davenport, A and Yazadzhiyan, B (2019). Cooling with heat recovery for electrical cable tunnels in cities. CIBSE Technical Symposium. Sheffield, UK 25 - 26 Apr 2019
Heat from Underground Energy London (Heat FUEL)
Lagoeiro, H, Curry, D, Faulks, G, Bielicki, J, Revesz, A, Davies, G and Maidment, G (2019). Heat from Underground Energy London (Heat FUEL). IIR International Congress of Refrigeration. Montreal, Canada 24 - 30 Aug 2019 doi:10.18462/iir.icr.2019.1013
Sustainable Refrigerated Road Transport – Investigating the Scale of Carbon Emissions from Direct- Drive Last Mile Refrigerated Vehicles
Evans, J, Francis, C, Davies, G, Maidment, G, Hammond, E and Gigiel, A (2019). Sustainable Refrigerated Road Transport – Investigating the Scale of Carbon Emissions from Direct- Drive Last Mile Refrigerated Vehicles. IOR proceedings. London 07 - 07 Mar 2019
Technological options for retail refrigeration
Foster, A, Hammond, E, Brown, T, Maidment, G and Evans, J (2018). Technological options for retail refrigeration. Paris International Institute of Refrigeration/ London South Bank University.
The Impact of Policy Changes: The Opportunities of Community Renewable Energy Projects in the UK and the Barriers they Face
Mirzania, P, Andrews, D, Ford, A and Maidment, G (2019). The Impact of Policy Changes: The Opportunities of Community Renewable Energy Projects in the UK and the Barriers they Face. Energy Policy.
Reducing energy demand using cooling efficiently (REDUCE)
Maidment, G. and Axelrod, J. (2019). Reducing energy demand using cooling efficiently (REDUCE). ICR 2019: The 25th IIR International Conference of Refrigeration. Montreal, Canada 24 - 30 Aug 2019
Combining cooling of underground railways with heat recovery and reuse
Davies, G, Boot-Handford, N, Curry, D, Dennis, W, Ajileye, A, Revesz, A and Maidment, G (2018). Combining cooling of underground railways with heat recovery and reuse. Sustainable Cities and Society. 45, pp. 543-552.
Causes, Consequences and Prevention of Refrigeration Fires in Residential Dwellings
Beasley, M, Holborn, P, Ingram, J and Maidment, G (2018). Causes, Consequences and Prevention of Refrigeration Fires in Residential Dwellings. Fire Safety Journal. 102, pp. 66-67.
Smart cities – Thermal networks for London
Chaer, I, Pope, I, Yebiyo, M and Paurine, A (2018). Smart cities – Thermal networks for London. Thermal Science and Engineering Progress. 8, pp. 10-16.
Novel design and performance enhancement of domestic refrigerators with thermal storage
Marques, AC, Davies, GF, Maidment, GG, Evans, JA and Wood, ID (2013). Novel design and performance enhancement of domestic refrigerators with thermal storage. Applied Thermal Engineering. 63 (2), pp. 511-519.
Control strategy of a novel dry air ground source (DAGS) system
Yebiyo, M, Paurine, A and Maidment, GG (2018). Control strategy of a novel dry air ground source (DAGS) system. CIBSE Technical Symposium 2018, Stretching the Envelop. London 12 - 13 Apr 2018 London South Bank University.
Reflective Glass Effect on Energy Consumption and Food Quality in Delicatessen Cabinets
Paurine, A, Maidment, GG and Chaer, I (2018). Reflective Glass Effect on Energy Consumption and Food Quality in Delicatessen Cabinets. CIBSE Technical Symposium. London, UK. 12 - 13 Apr 2018 London South Bank University.
Smart Cities – Thermal Networks
Chaer, I, Pope, I and Paurine, A (2018). Smart Cities – Thermal Networks. Eleven International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications. Doha, Qatar 25 - 28 Feb 2018 London South Bank University.
Benchmarking of supermarket energy consumption
Foster, A, Evans, J and Maidment, GG (2018). Benchmarking of supermarket energy consumption. 5th International Institute of Refrigeration Conference on Sustainability and the Cold Chain. Beijing, China, 06 - 08 Apr 2018 London South Bank University.
Optimisation Of Inter- Seasonal Ground Source Heat Pumps With Predictive Behavioural Control
Yebiyo, M (2016). Optimisation Of Inter- Seasonal Ground Source Heat Pumps With Predictive Behavioural Control. PhD Thesis London South Bank University School of the Built Environment and Architecture
Community Energy in the UK: The End or the Beginning of a Brighter Future?
Mirzania, P, Andrews, D, Ford, A and Maidment, GG (2017). Community Energy in the UK: The End or the Beginning of a Brighter Future? Energy for Society: 1st international conference on Energy Research & Social Science. Sitges, Spain 05 - 07 Apr 2017 London South Bank University.
Improvement of the isolation of the air cavity for ventilated cladding systems for fire safety purposes
Gonzalo, C, Paurine, A and McCann, F (2018). Improvement of the isolation of the air cavity for ventilated cladding systems for fire safety purposes. CIBSE - Technical Symposium 2018. London 12 - 13 Apr 2018
Potential life cycle carbon savings with low emissivity packaging for refrigerated food on display
Davies, GF, Man, CMD, Andrews, D, Paurine, A, Hutchins, MG and Maidment, GG (2012). Potential life cycle carbon savings with low emissivity packaging for refrigerated food on display. Journal of Food Engineering. 109 (2), pp. 202-208.
Simulation of the heat recovery use of R744 systems in a supermarket
Colombo, I, Maidment, GG, Chaer, I and Paurine, A (2016). Simulation of the heat recovery use of R744 systems in a supermarket. 12th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Natural Working Fluids Conference. Edinburgh, UK 21 - 24 Aug 2016 London South Bank University. doi:10.18462/iir.gl.2016.1180
Carbon dioxide refrigeration with heat recovery for supermarkets
Colombo, I, Maidment, GG, Chaer, I and Missenden, JM (2012). Carbon dioxide refrigeration with heat recovery for supermarkets. International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies. 9 (1), pp. 38-44.
A Carbon Footprint Study and a Life Cycle Assessment of an identical Refrigerated Display Cabinet: comparative analysis of the respective ratios of embodied and operational impacts
Bibalou, D, Andrews, D, Chaer, I, Maidment, GG and Longhurst, M (2014). A Carbon Footprint Study and a Life Cycle Assessment of an identical Refrigerated Display Cabinet: comparative analysis of the respective ratios of embodied and operational impacts. 4th International Conference on Life Cycle Approaches. Lille, France 05 - 06 Nov 2014 London South Bank University.
An investigation of Cooling Unit Performance on the London Underground Railway Network
Maidment, GG (2016). An investigation of Cooling Unit Performance on the London Underground Railway Network. CIBSE technical symposium. Edinburgh 13 - 15 Apr 2016 London South Bank University.
Potential Impacts of the Montreal Protocol Kigali Amendment to the Choice of Refrigerant Alternatives
Peixoto, R, Kuijpers, L, Polonara, F and Maidment, GG (2017). Potential Impacts of the Montreal Protocol Kigali Amendment to the Choice of Refrigerant Alternatives. CIAR Conbrava 2017. Sao Paulo - Brazil 12 - 17 Sep 2017 London South Bank University.
Performance Enhancement of Urban Ground Source Heat Pumps through Interactions with Underground Railway Tunnels
Revesz, A, Chaer, I, Thompson, J, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, M and Maidment, GG (2018). Performance Enhancement of Urban Ground Source Heat Pumps through Interactions with Underground Railway Tunnels. Ashrae Winter Conference. Chicago 22 - 24 Jan 2018 London South Bank University.
Evaluation of Supermarket Energy Use and Emissions with Various Technology Options
Evans, J, Ge, YT, Tassou, SA, Foster, A and Maidment, GG (2016). Evaluation of Supermarket Energy Use and Emissions with Various Technology Options. Proceedings of IOR. Solihul 03 Mar 2016 London South Bank University.
The Value of hybrid heat pumps
Yebiyo, M and Maidment, GG (2016). The Value of hybrid heat pumps. CIBSE journal. 2016 (Aug).
Heat Recovery Potential from Urban Underground Infrastructures
Davies, G, Boot-Handford, N, Grice, J, Dennis, W, Ajileye, A, Revesz, A and Maidment, GG (2018). Heat Recovery Potential from Urban Underground Infrastructures. ASHRAE Winter Conference. Chicago 20 - 24 Jan 2018 London South Bank University.
UK Centre for Efficient and Renewable Energy in Buildings (CEREB)- Lessons Learned After 5 Years of Running
Yebiyo, M, Chaer, I, Shatha, H, Ye, Z and Dunn, A (2016). UK Centre for Efficient and Renewable Energy in Buildings (CEREB)- Lessons Learned After 5 Years of Running. 9th International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications. Abu Dhabi, UAE 24 - 26 Mar 2016 London South Bank University.
Alternative Heat Transfer Fluid in Heating Systems-Energy Results from a Real Case Study
Yebiyo, M, Chaer, I, Shatha, H, Ye, Z, Peter, S and Kadir, D (2016). Alternative Heat Transfer Fluid in Heating Systems-Energy Results from a Real Case Study. 9th International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications. Abu Dhabi, UAE 24 - 26 Mar 2016 London South Bank University.
Investigation of an integrated low carbon solar assisted heat pump
Godbold, R, Paurine, A and Maidment, GG (2016). Investigation of an integrated low carbon solar assisted heat pump. 12th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Refrigerants. Edinburgh, United Kingdom 21 - 24 Aug 2016 London South Bank University. doi:10.18462/iir.gl.2016.1193
Solar assisted heat pumps
Godbold, R, Paurine, A and Maidment, GG (2016). Solar assisted heat pumps. 12th Gustav Lorentzen Natural Working Fluids conference. Edinburgh 20 - 22 Aug 2016 London South Bank University.
Overview of Sustainable Refrigerated Road Transport Systems
Davies, GF, Francis, C, Evans, JA and Maidment, GG (2017). Overview of Sustainable Refrigerated Road Transport Systems. in: Smithers, G, Day, L, Ferranti, P, Fischer, A, Glibetic, M, Knoezer, K, Lee, A, McSweeney, P, Robertson, G, Schasteen, C, Smith, N, Tanner, D and Varelis, P (ed.) Reference Module in Food Science Elsevier.
Modelling and development of sustainable Refrigerated road transport systems
Francis, C, Davies, G, Evans, J, Maughan, P, Sherwood, J and Maidment, GG (2015). Modelling and development of sustainable Refrigerated road transport systems. Refrigeration Science and Technology.
Carbon reduction opportunities for supermarkets
Evans, JA, Maidment, GG, Brown, T, Hammond, E and Foster, A (2016). Carbon reduction opportunities for supermarkets. 4th IIR International Conference on Sustainability and the Cold Chain. Auckland, New Zealand 07 - 09 Apr 2016 London South Bank University. doi:10.18462/iir.iccc.2016.0042
Life Cycle Assessment of salmon cold chains: Comparison between chilling and superchilling technologies
Hoang, HM, Leducq, D, Brown, T, Maidment, GG, Indergård, E and Alvarez, G (2015). Life Cycle Assessment of salmon cold chains: Comparison between chilling and superchilling technologies. Proceedings of the 24th IIR International Congress of Refrigeration. Yokohama, Japan 16 - 22 Aug 2015 London South Bank University. pp. 4574-4581 doi:10.18462/iir.icr.2015.0440
The use of phase change materials in domestic refrigerator applications
Evans, J, Marques, C, Davies, G, Maidment, GG and Wood, ID (2013). The use of phase change materials in domestic refrigerator applications. Proceedings of the Institute of Refrigeration 2013-2014. London, UK 07 Nov 2013 London South Bank University.
Magnetic Attraction
Yebiyo, M and Maidment, GG (2016). Magnetic Attraction. CIBSE journal. 201602.
Carbon reduction opportunities for supermarkets
Evans, J, Maidment, GG, Brown, T, Hammond, E and Foster, A (2016). Carbon reduction opportunities for supermarkets. IRHACE journal.
Life-Saving Cooling
Yebiyo, M and Maidment, GG (2017). Life-Saving Cooling. CIBSE journal. 201703.
Refrigerated warehouses as intelligent hubs to integrate renewable energy in industrial food refrigeration and to enhance power grid sustainability
Fikiin, K, Stankov, B, Evans, J, Maidment, GG, Foster, A, Brown, T, Radcliffe, J, Youbi-Idrissi, M, Alford, A, Varga, L, Alvarez, G, Ivanov, IE, Bond, C, Colombo, I, Garcia-Naveda, G, Ivanov, I, Hattori, K, Umeki, D, Bojkov, T and Kaloyanov, N (2017). Refrigerated warehouses as intelligent hubs to integrate renewable energy in industrial food refrigeration and to enhance power grid sustainability. Trends in Food Science and Technology. 60, pp. 96-103.
Supermarket energy use and greenhouse gas emissions – technology options review
Evans, JA, Maidment, GG, Brown, T, Hammond, E and Foster, A (2016). Supermarket energy use and greenhouse gas emissions – technology options review. Proceedings of the Institute of Refrigeration. London 03 Mar 2016 London South Bank University.
Modelling and Evaluation of Supermarket Energy Use and Emissions
Maidment, GG (2016). Modelling and Evaluation of Supermarket Energy Use and Emissions. Proceedings of the Institute of Refrigeration.
Description and validation of a computer based refrigeration system simulator
Eames, IW, Brown, T, Evans, JA and Maidment, GG (2012). Description and validation of a computer based refrigeration system simulator. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture. 85, pp. 53-63.
Theoretical modelling and experimental investigation of a thermal energy storage refrigerator
Marques, AC, Davies, GF, Evans, JA, Maidment, GG and Wood, ID (2013). Theoretical modelling and experimental investigation of a thermal energy storage refrigerator. Energy. 55, pp. 457-465.
Metropolitan Integrated Cooling and Heating
Davies, G, Boot-Handford, N, Grice, J, Dennis, W, Rami, R, Nicholls, A and Maidment, GG (2017). Metropolitan Integrated Cooling and Heating. ASHRAE Winter Conference. Las Vegas 28 Jan - 01 Feb 2017 London South Bank University.
Cooling and recovery of heat from underground railway tunnels for district heating
Davies, G, Maidment, GG, Dennis, W, Ajileye, A and Grice, J (2017). Cooling and recovery of heat from underground railway tunnels for district heating. CIBSE ASHRAE Technical Symposium. Loughborough UK 05 - 06 Apr 2017 London South Bank University.
Domestic Refrigerator Design -Safety Issues and Opportunities
Beasley, M, Holborn, PG, Ingram, JM and Maidment, GG (2017). Domestic Refrigerator Design -Safety Issues and Opportunities. The Institute of Refrigeration Event 2nd March 2017. London South Bank University 02 - 02 Mar 2017 London South Bank University.
REAL Zero – Reducing refrigerant emissions & leakage - feedback from the IOR Project
Cowan, D, Gartshore, J, Christina, F, Chaer, I and Maidment, GG (2011). REAL Zero – Reducing refrigerant emissions & leakage - feedback from the IOR Project. Proceedings of the Institute of Refrigeration.
Large scale cooling using mains water
Davies, GF, Maidment, GG, Paurine, A, Rutter, P, Evans, T and Tozer, R (2016). Large scale cooling using mains water. 12th Institute of Refrigeration Gustav Lorentzen Natural Working Fluids Conference. Edinburgh, UK 21 - 24 Aug 2016 London South Bank University.
Estimation of Cooling Energy Demand and Carbon Emissions from Urban Buildings using a Quasi-dynamic Model
Cowan, D, Maidment, GG and Chaer, I (2014). Estimation of Cooling Energy Demand and Carbon Emissions from Urban Buildings using a Quasi-dynamic Model. ASHRAE 2014 Winter Conference. New York city, USA 18 - 22 Jan 2014 London South Bank University.
Refrigerant emissions and leakage prevention across Europe - Results from the RealSkillsEurope project
Koronaki, IP, Cowan, D, Maidment, GG, Beerrnan, K, Schreurs, M, Kaar, K, Chaer, I, Gontarz, G, Christodoulaki, RI and Cazauran, X (2012). Refrigerant emissions and leakage prevention across Europe - Results from the RealSkillsEurope project. Energy. 45 (1), pp. 71 - 80.
An investigation of refrigerant leakage in commercial refrigeration
Francis, C, Maidment, GG and Davies, GF (2016). An investigation of refrigerant leakage in commercial refrigeration. International Journal of Refrigeration. 74 (Feb), pp. 10-19.
Ground source heat pumps and their interactions with underground railway tunnels in an urban environment: A review
Revesz, A, Chaer, I, Thompson, J, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, MJ and Maidment, GG (2015). Ground source heat pumps and their interactions with underground railway tunnels in an urban environment: A review. Applied Thermal Engineering. 93, pp. 147 - 154.