Biocementation mediated by native Carbonic Anhydrase-producing microbes.
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M.J., Garelick, J. and Purchase, D. (2023). Biocementation mediated by native Carbonic Anhydrase-producing microbes. 10th Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics (CEMEPE 2023) and SECOTOX Conference. Skiathos island, Greece. 05 - 09 Jun 2023 CEMEPE.
|Authors||Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M.J., Garelick, J. and Purchase, D.|
This study investigated the feasibility of biocementing a fine-grained foundation soil from the East Anglia railway network via the carbonic anhydrase (CA) pathway. This pathway is a promising way of improving the mechanical properties of soils by biocementation while sequestering CO2 during the process. To achieve the aim of this research, forty CA-producing bacterial isolates from soil layers below a railway embankment in East Anglia, UK, were screened and selected using a qualitative CA activity assay. Three of these bacteria expressed high and stable CA enzyme activity and were further characterised by their morphological, molecular, and enzyme profile characteristics. Bioaugmentation was then employed to biocement the soil from the site using the native CA-producing bacteria isolated from the soil. The unconfined compressive strength and calcite content of the treated soil were determined. Preliminary results showed a substantial increase in soil unconfined compressive strength upon biocementation treatment. Although further geotechnical testing is the subject of future work, the unconfined compressive strength and calcite content results obtained so far proved biocementation of the fine-grained soil and showed promise that the CA biocementation route can be further developed as a successful and environmentally friendly soil stabilization technique, with the added advantage of sequestering CO2 from the atmosphere or using captured waste CO2, during the biocementation process.
|Keywords||Ground improvement; Soil stabilisation, Carbonic Anhydrase; Biocementation; CO2 capture|
|Web address (URL)||https://cemepe10.civil.auth.gr/|
|Accepted author manuscript|
File Access Level
|05 Jun 2023|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||04 Apr 2023|
|Deposited||06 Nov 2023|
|Web address (URL) of conference proceedings||https://cemepe10.civil.auth.gr/|
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