Do Baseline Executive Functions Mediate Prospective Memory Performance under a Moderate Dose of Alcohol?

Journal article


Smith-Spark, JH, Moss, AC and Dyer, KR (2016). Do Baseline Executive Functions Mediate Prospective Memory Performance under a Moderate Dose of Alcohol? Frontiers in Psychology. 7, pp. 1325 - 1325.
AuthorsSmith-Spark, JH, Moss, AC and Dyer, KR
Abstract

Prospective memory (PM) is memory for delayed intentions. While deleterious effects of acute doses of alcohol on PM have been documented previously using between-subjects comparisons, the current study adopted a single blind placebo-controlled within-subjects design to explore whether the extent to which alcohol-related impairments in PM are mediated by executive functions (EFs). To this end, 52 male social drinkers with no history of substance-related treatment were tested using two parallel versions of a clinical measure of PM (the Memory for Intentions Test; Raskin et al., 2010), and a battery of EF measures. Testing took place on two occasions, with the order of administration of the alcohol and placebo conditions being fully counterbalanced. Overall, PM was worse under alcohol and participants showed deficits on five of the six subscales making up the clinical test. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses demonstrated that EFs did not predict PM performance decrements overall but did predict performance when time cues were presented and when verbal responses were required. Phonemic fluency was the strongest of the EF predictors; a greater capacity to gain controlled access to information in long-term memory predicted a smaller difference between placebo- and alcohol-related performance on both the time cue and verbal response scales. PM is crucial to compliance with, and response to, both therapy programs and alcohol harm prevention campaigns. The results indicate that individual differences in cognitive function need to be taken into account when designing such interventions in order to increase their effectiveness.

KeywordsProspective memory; Alcohol; Executive function
Year2016
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Journal citation7, pp. 1325 - 1325
PublisherFrontiers Media
ISSN1664-1078
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01325
FunderBritish Academy
Leverhulme
Publication dates
Print31 Aug 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited06 Sep 2016
Accepted18 Aug 2016
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/8728w

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