Mental time travel ability and the Mental Reinstatement of Context for crime witnesses.
Smith-Spark, JH, Bartimus, J and Wilcock, R (2016). Mental time travel ability and the Mental Reinstatement of Context for crime witnesses. Consciousness and Cognition. 48, pp. 1-10.
|Authors||Smith-Spark, JH, Bartimus, J and Wilcock, R|
Mental time travel ability marks how well the phenomenological aspects of events are mentally re-experienced during recall. The Cognitive Interview (CI) elicits eyewitness information. One of its techniques, Mental Reinstatement of Context (MRC), asks eyewitnesses to reinstate the incident's context mentally before recall. Fifty-six participants watched a simulated crime video. Self-report measures were then taken to estimate general mental time travel ability. Participants were questioned subsequently about the video. Eyewitness performance under MRC was compared with the CI's Report Everything (RE) technique, wherein eyewitnesses recall everything they can but with no invitation to mentally reinstate the context. There was no effect of interview condition on accuracy of recall; however, general mental time travel ability was positively associated with the amount of correct and incorrect information produced under MRC, but not RE, conditions. This is the first empirical demonstration that MRC instructions engage the mental time travel capacities they purport to.
|Keywords||Cognitive Interview; Eyewitness memory; Mental time travel; 1701 Psychology; 1702 Cognitive Science; 2203 Philosophy; Experimental Psychology|
|Journal||Consciousness and Cognition|
|Journal citation||48, pp. 1-10|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1016/j.concog.2016.10.002|
|24 Oct 2016|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||20 Mar 2017|
|Accepted||09 Oct 2016|
|Accepted author manuscript|
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
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