Executive functions in adults with developmental dyslexia

Journal article


Smith-Spark, JH, Henry, LA, Messer, DJ, Edvardsdottir, E and Zięcik, AP (2016). Executive functions in adults with developmental dyslexia. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 53-54, pp. 323 - 341. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2016.03.001
AuthorsSmith-Spark, JH, Henry, LA, Messer, DJ, Edvardsdottir, E and Zięcik, AP
Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd.Background: Executive functioning (EF) deficits are well recognized in developmental dyslexia, yet the majority of studies have concerned children rather than adults, ignored the subjective experience of the individual with dyslexia (with regard to their own EFs), and have not followed current theoretical perspectives on EFs. Aims and Methods: The current study addressed these shortfalls by administering a self-report measure of EF (BRIEF-A; Roth, Isquith, & Gioia, 2005) and experimental tasks to IQ-matched groups of adults with and without dyslexia. The laboratory-based tasks tested the three factors constituting the framework of EF proposed by Miyake et al. (2000). Results: In comparison to the group without dyslexia, the participants with dyslexia self-reported more frequent EF problems in day-to-day life, with these difficulties centering on metacognitive processes (working memory, planning, task monitoring, and organization) rather than on the regulation of emotion and behaviour. The participants with dyslexia showed significant deficits in EF (inhibition, set shifting, and working memory). Conclusions and Implications: The findings indicated that dyslexia-related problems have an impact on the daily experience of adults with the condition. Further, EF difficulties are present in adulthood across a range of laboratory-based measures, and, given the nature of the experimental tasks presented, extend beyond difficulties related solely to phonological processing.

Corrigendum issued 21 June 2016: The authors regret that the wrong file was inserted into the final version of the paper, meaning that an SPSS output file was used for Table 5 instead of the correctly formatted version of the table. The corrected version of the table is included in the document here.
Corrigendum DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2016.06.004.

Year2016
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Journal citation53-54, pp. 323 - 341
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0891-4222
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2016.03.001
Publication dates
Print01 Jun 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited28 Jul 2016
Accepted01 Mar 2016
Accepted author manuscript
License
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Open
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