Long-term age of acquisition effects in famous name processing.
Smith-Spark, JH, Moore, V and Valentine, T (2012). Long-term age of acquisition effects in famous name processing. Acta Psychologica(Amst). 139 (1), pp. 202-211.
|Authors||Smith-Spark, JH, Moore, V and Valentine, T|
The age of acquisition (AoA) effect refers to the processing advantage that words, objects, and people learnt earlier in life hold over those acquired later. We explored the long-term effects of AoA on performance, using naturally occurring famous names, acquired by participants cumulatively over three decades. We manipulated AoA by selecting celebrities who had first become known to our participants in the 1960s, 1970s, or 1980s and explored the effects of age by testing participants aged in their 40s, 50s, or 60s. Seventy-two participants made push-button 'Yes-No' familiarity decision judgements to the printed names of celebrities. We found a significant AoA effect. A linear increase in reaction time was uncovered, with the participants being fastest to respond to the 1960s celebrities, followed by those from the 1970s, and being slowest to respond to celebrities from the 1980s. There was no age × AoA interaction, although the AoA effect was most pronounced in the oldest participant group. Our data demonstrate the long-term persistent influence of AoA on processing speed. Moreover, they indicate that the effects of AoA are much more subtle than simply reflecting a difference between the earliest acquired stimuli in a processing domain and all later acquired items.
|Keywords||Humans; Recognition (Psychology); Judgment; Reaction Time; Age Factors; Names; Vocabulary; Adult; Middle Aged; Female; Male; Adult; Age Factors; Female; Humans; Judgment; Male; Middle Aged; Names; Reaction Time; Recognition (Psychology); Vocabulary; 1701 Psychology; 1702 Cognitive Science; Experimental Psychology|
|Journal citation||139 (1), pp. 202-211|
|Publisher||London South Bank University|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2011.10.002|
|01 Jan 2012|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||27 Jun 2017|
|Accepted||01 Oct 2011|
|Accepted author manuscript|
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
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