Long-term age of acquisition effects in famous name processing.

Journal article


Smith-Spark, JH, Moore, V and Valentine, T (2012). Long-term age of acquisition effects in famous name processing. Acta Psychologica(Amst). 139 (1), pp. 202-211.
AuthorsSmith-Spark, JH, Moore, V and Valentine, T
Abstract

The age of acquisition (AoA) effect refers to the processing advantage that words, objects, and people learnt earlier in life hold over those acquired later. We explored the long-term effects of AoA on performance, using naturally occurring famous names, acquired by participants cumulatively over three decades. We manipulated AoA by selecting celebrities who had first become known to our participants in the 1960s, 1970s, or 1980s and explored the effects of age by testing participants aged in their 40s, 50s, or 60s. Seventy-two participants made push-button 'Yes-No' familiarity decision judgements to the printed names of celebrities. We found a significant AoA effect. A linear increase in reaction time was uncovered, with the participants being fastest to respond to the 1960s celebrities, followed by those from the 1970s, and being slowest to respond to celebrities from the 1980s. There was no age × AoA interaction, although the AoA effect was most pronounced in the oldest participant group. Our data demonstrate the long-term persistent influence of AoA on processing speed. Moreover, they indicate that the effects of AoA are much more subtle than simply reflecting a difference between the earliest acquired stimuli in a processing domain and all later acquired items.

KeywordsHumans; Recognition (Psychology); Judgment; Reaction Time; Age Factors; Names; Vocabulary; Adult; Middle Aged; Female; Male; Adult; Age Factors; Female; Humans; Judgment; Male; Middle Aged; Names; Reaction Time; Recognition (Psychology); Vocabulary; 1701 Psychology; 1702 Cognitive Science; Experimental Psychology
Year2012
JournalActa Psychologica(Amst)
Journal citation139 (1), pp. 202-211
PublisherLondon South Bank University
ISSN1873-6297
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2011.10.002
Publication dates
Print01 Jan 2012
Publication process dates
Deposited27 Jun 2017
Accepted01 Oct 2011
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/879v4

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