Determinants of famous name processing speed: age of acquisition versus semantic connectedness.
Smith-Spark, JH, Moore, V and Valentine, T (2013). Determinants of famous name processing speed: age of acquisition versus semantic connectedness. Acta Psychologica(Amst). 142 (2), pp. 230-237.
|Authors||Smith-Spark, JH, Moore, V and Valentine, T|
The age of acquisition (AoA) and the amount of biographical information known about celebrities have been independently shown to influence the processing of famous people. In this experiment, we investigated the facilitative contribution of both factors to famous name processing. Twenty-four mature adults participated in a familiarity judgement task, in which the names of famous people were grouped orthogonally by AoA and by the number of bits of biographical information known about them (number of facts known; NoFK). Age of acquisition was found to have a significant effect on both reaction time (RT) and accuracy of response, but NoFK did not. The RT data also revealed a significant AoA×NoFK interaction. The amount of information known about a celebrity played a facilitative role in the processing of late-acquired, but not early-acquired, celebrities. Once AoA is controlled, it would appear that the semantic system ceases to have a significant overall influence on the processing of famous people. The pre-eminence of AoA over semantic connectedness is considered in the light of current theories of AoA and how their influence might interact.
|Keywords||Face; Humans; Learning; Recognition (Psychology); Judgment; Reaction Time; Age Factors; Famous Persons; Names; Semantics; Aged; Middle Aged; Female; Male; Memory, Long-Term; United Kingdom; Age Factors; Aged; Face; Famous Persons; Female; Humans; Judgment; Learning; Male; Memory, Long-Term; Middle Aged; Names; Reaction Time; Recognition (Psychology); Semantics; United Kingdom; 1701 Psychology; 1702 Cognitive Science; Experimental Psychology|
|Journal citation||142 (2), pp. 230-237|
|Publisher||London South Bank University|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2012.11.016|
|01 Feb 2013|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||27 Jun 2017|
|Accepted||30 Nov 2012|
|Accepted author manuscript|
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
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