Time-based prospective memory in adults with developmental dyslexia.

Journal article


Smith-Spark, JH, Zięcik, AP and Sterling, C (2016). Time-based prospective memory in adults with developmental dyslexia. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 49-50, pp. 34-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2015.11.006
AuthorsSmith-Spark, JH, Zięcik, AP and Sterling, C
Abstract

Prospective memory (PM) is memory for delayed intentions. Despite its importance to everyday life, the few studies on PM function in adults with dyslexia which exist have relied on self-report measures. To determine whether self-reported PM deficits can be measured objectively, laboratory-based PM tasks were administered to 24 adults with dyslexia and 25 age- and IQ-matched adults without dyslexia. Self-report data indicated that people with dyslexia felt that time-based PM (TBPM; requiring responses at certain times in the future) was most problematic for them and so this form of PM was the focus of investigation. Whilst performing the ongoing task from which they were required to break out every 3 min to make a PM-related response, the participants were allowed to make clock checks whenever they wished. The cognitive demands made on ongoing behaviour were manipulated to determine whether loading executive resources had a mediating role in dyslexia-related deficits in PM, resulting in three tasks with varying working memory load. A semi-naturalistic TBPM task was also administered, in which the participants were asked to remind the experimenter to save a data file 40 min after being given this instruction. Dyslexia-related differences were found across all three computerized tasks, regardless of cognitive load. The adults with dyslexia made fewer correct PM responses and also fewer clock checks. On the semi-naturalistic task, the participants with dyslexia were less likely to remember to remind the experimenter to save the file. This is the first study to document PM deficits in dyslexia using objective measures of performance. Since TBPM impairments were found under more naturalistic conditions as well as on computerized tasks, the results have implications for workplace support for adults with dyslexia.

KeywordsHumans; Dyslexia; Case-Control Studies; Intention; Memory, Short-Term; Task Performance and Analysis; Adolescent; Adult; Female; Male; Young Adult; Executive Function; Memory, Episodic; Adults; Developmental dyslexia; Executive functioning; Prospective memory; Time-based prospective memory; Adolescent; Adult; Case-Control Studies; Dyslexia; Executive Function; Female; Humans; Intention; Male; Memory, Episodic; Memory, Short-Term; Task Performance and Analysis; Young Adult; 1303 Specialist Studies In Education; 1701 Psychology; 1117 Public Health And Health Services; Rehabilitation
Year2016
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Journal citation49-50, pp. 34-46
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1873-3379
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2015.11.006
Publication dates
Print01 Feb 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited27 Jun 2017
Accepted10 Nov 2015
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/87525

Download files

Accepted author manuscript
Smith-Spark Ziecik and Sterling Dyslexia and TBPM paper.pdf
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
File access level: Open

  • 24
    total views
  • 110
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

The off-prescription use of modafinil: an online survey of perceived risks and benefits
Teodorini, R., Rycroft, N. and Smith-Spark, J. (2020). The off-prescription use of modafinil: an online survey of perceived risks and benefits. PLoS ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0227818
Working memory and high-level cognition in children: An analysis of timing and accuracy in complex span tasks
Gordon, R., Smith-Spark, J. H., Newton, E. J. and Henry, L. A. (2019). Working memory and high-level cognition in children: An analysis of timing and accuracy in complex span tasks. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 191, p. 104736. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2019.104736
Mental Reinstatement of Context: Do individual differences in mental time travel and eyewitness occupation influence eyewitness performance over different delay intervals?
Bangs, K. and Smith-Spark, J. (2019). Mental Reinstatement of Context: Do individual differences in mental time travel and eyewitness occupation influence eyewitness performance over different delay intervals? Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling. https://doi.org/10.1002/jip.1536
The relation of “literacy glasses” to cognition in dyslexia and to extended mind theory
Smith-Spark, J (2019). The relation of “literacy glasses” to cognition in dyslexia and to extended mind theory. L’Année Psychologique/Topics in Cognitive Psychology. 118, pp. 365-365. https://doi.org/10.3917/anpsy1.184.0365
Memory in adults with dyslexia
Smith-Spark, JH and Gordon, R (2019). Memory in adults with dyslexia. in: Colé, P, Duncan, L and Cavalli, E (ed.) Dyslexia at university: Theoretical insights and practical solutions Brussels De Boeck Supérieur.
Factors affecting accuracy in the quality control checking of fresh produce labels: A situational and laboratory-based exploration.
Smith-Spark, J, Katz, H, Wilcockson, T and Marchant, A (2019). Factors affecting accuracy in the quality control checking of fresh produce labels: A situational and laboratory-based exploration. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries..
Executive functions in adults with dyslexia
Smith-Spark, JH (2018). Executive functions in adults with dyslexia. in: Colé, P, Duncan, L and Cavalli, E (ed.) Dyslexia at university: Theoretical insights and practical solutions Brussels, Belgium De Boeck.
Executive function and academic achievement in primary school children: The use of task-related processing speed
Gordon, R, Smith-Spark, JH, Newton, EJ and Henry, LA (2018). Executive function and academic achievement in primary school children: The use of task-related processing speed. Frontiers in Psychology. 9 (APR). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00582
Optimal approaches to the quality control checking of product labels
Smith-Spark, JH, Katz, HB, Wilcockson, TDW and Marchant, A (2018). Optimal approaches to the quality control checking of product labels. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. 68, pp. 118-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2018.07.003
Everyday memory in adults with dyslexia
Smith-Spark, JH (2017). Everyday memory in adults with dyslexia. in: Fawcett, AJ (ed.) DAS Handbook 2016 Singapore Dyslexia Association of Singapore.
Working memory functioning in developmental dyslexia.
Smith-Spark, JH and Fisk, JE (2007). Working memory functioning in developmental dyslexia. Memory. 15 (1), pp. 34-56. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658210601043384
Argumentation in Decision Support for Medical Care Planning for Patients and Clinicians.
Smith-Spark, JH, Glasspool, D, Fox, J and Oettinger, A (2006). Argumentation in Decision Support for Medical Care Planning for Patients and Clinicians. Argumentation for Consumers of Healthcare, Papers from the 2006 AAAI Spring Symposium. Stanford, California, USA 27 - 29 Mar 2006 London South Bank University.
Does the face fit the facts? Testing three accounts of age of acquisition effects
Smith-Spark, JH, Moore, V and Valentine, T (2007). Does the face fit the facts? Testing three accounts of age of acquisition effects. Vosniadou, S and Kayser, D (ed.) Proceedings of EuroCogSci07: The European Cognitive Science Conference. Delphi, Greece 23 - 27 May 2007 Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 794 - 799 (6)
Label-checking strategies to adapt behaviour to design
Smith-Spark, JH, Katz, HB, Marchant, A and Wilcockson, TDW (2015). Label-checking strategies to adapt behaviour to design. ECCE 2015 – European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics. Warsaw, Poland 01 - 03 Jul 2015 ACM. https://doi.org/10.1145/2788412.2788425
Cognitive predictors of accuracy in quality control checking
Katz, HB, Smith-Spark, JH, Wilcockson, TDW and Marchant, A (2015). Cognitive predictors of accuracy in quality control checking. Airenti, G, Bara, BG and Sandini, G (ed.) EAPCogSci 2015 EuroAsianPacific Joint Conference on Cognitive Science. Torino, Italy 25 - 27 Sep 2015 CEUR Workshop Proceedings.
Adults with developmental dyslexia show selective impairments in time-based and self-initiated prospective memory: Self-report and clinical evidence.
Smith-Spark, JH, Zięcik, AP and Sterling, C (2017). Adults with developmental dyslexia show selective impairments in time-based and self-initiated prospective memory: Self-report and clinical evidence. Research in Developmental Disabilitiesl. 62, pp. 247-258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2016.12.011
The event-based prospective memory of adults with developmental dyslexia under naturalistic conditions
Smith-Spark, JH, Zięcik, AP and Sterling, C (2017). The event-based prospective memory of adults with developmental dyslexia under naturalistic conditions. Asia Pacific Journal of Developmental Differences. 4 (1), pp. 17-33. https://doi.org/10.3850/S2345734117000036
Verbal and non-verbal fluency in adults with developmental dyslexia: Phonological processing or executive control problems?
Smith-Spark, JH, Henry, LA, Messer, DJ and Zięcik, AP (2017). Verbal and non-verbal fluency in adults with developmental dyslexia: Phonological processing or executive control problems? Dyslexia. 23 (3), pp. 234-250. https://doi.org/10.1002/dys.1558
A review of prospective memory impairments in developmental dyslexia: Evidence, explanations, and future directions
Smith-Spark, JH (2017). A review of prospective memory impairments in developmental dyslexia: Evidence, explanations, and future directions. Clinical Neuropsychologist. 32 (5). https://doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2017.1369571
Forgetting to remember to remember: Prospective memory in adults with dyslexia
Smith-Spark, JH (2017). Forgetting to remember to remember: Prospective memory in adults with dyslexia. Dyslexia Review. 28 (1), pp. 9-11.
Self-reports of increased prospective and retrospective memory problems in adults with developmental dyslexia
Smith-Spark, JH, Zięcik, AP and Sterling, C (2016). Self-reports of increased prospective and retrospective memory problems in adults with developmental dyslexia. Dyslexia. 22 (3), pp. 245-262. https://doi.org/10.1002/dys.1528
Retrospective and prospective remembering in adults with developmental dyslexia.
Smith-Spark, JH, Zięcik, AP and Sterling, C (2016). Retrospective and prospective remembering in adults with developmental dyslexia. International Workshop on Reading and Developmental Dyslexia (iWORDD). Bilbao, Spain 05 May 2016
Executive functions in adults with developmental dyslexia.
Smith-Spark, JH, Henry, LA, Messer, DJ, Edvardsdottir, E and Zięcik, AP (2016). Executive functions in adults with developmental dyslexia. International Workshop on Reading and Developmental Dyslexia (iWORDD). Bilbao, Spain 05 May 2016
Executive functions in adults with developmental dyslexia
Smith-Spark, JH, Henry, LA, Messer, DJ, Edvardsdottir, E and Zięcik, AP (2016). Executive functions in adults with developmental dyslexia. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 53-54, pp. 323 - 341. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2016.03.001
Reducing quality control errors by guiding behavior
Smith-Spark, JH, Katz, HB, Marchant, A and Wilcockson, TDW (2016). Reducing quality control errors by guiding behavior. 6th International Ergonomics Conference Ergonomics 2016 – Focus on synergy. Zadar, Croatia 15 - 18 Jun 2016 Croatian Ergonomics Society. pp. 315 - 322
Do Baseline Executive Functions Mediate Prospective Memory Performance under a Moderate Dose of Alcohol?
Smith-Spark, JH, Moss, AC and Dyer, K. (2016). Do Baseline Executive Functions Mediate Prospective Memory Performance under a Moderate Dose of Alcohol? Frontiers in Psychology. 7, pp. 1325 - 1325. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01325
Mental time travel ability and the Mental Reinstatement of Context for crime witnesses.
Smith-Spark, JH, Bartimus, J and Wilcock, R (2016). Mental time travel ability and the Mental Reinstatement of Context for crime witnesses. Consciousness and Cognition. 48, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2016.10.002
The effects of age of acquisition and semantic congruency on famous person category verification
Smith-Spark, JH, Moore, V and Valentine, T (2015). The effects of age of acquisition and semantic congruency on famous person category verification. CEUR Workshop Proceedings. 1419, pp. 84 - 89 (6).
Determinants of famous name processing speed: age of acquisition versus semantic connectedness.
Smith-Spark, JH, Moore, V and Valentine, T (2013). Determinants of famous name processing speed: age of acquisition versus semantic connectedness. Acta Psychologica(Amst). 142 (2), pp. 230-237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2012.11.016
Long-term age of acquisition effects in famous name processing.
Smith-Spark, JH, Moore, V and Valentine, T (2012). Long-term age of acquisition effects in famous name processing. Acta Psychologica(Amst). 139 (1), pp. 202-211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2011.10.002
Dyslexic students have more everyday cognitive lapses.
Smith-Spark, JH, Fawcett, AJ, Nicolson, RI and Fisk, JE (2010). Dyslexic students have more everyday cognitive lapses. Memory. 12 (2), pp. 174 - 182. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658210244000450
Investigating the central executive in adult dyslexics: Evidence from phonological and visuospatial working memory performance
Smith-Spark, JH, Fisk, JE, Fawcett, AJ and Nicolson, RI (2003). Investigating the central executive in adult dyslexics: Evidence from phonological and visuospatial working memory performance. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology. 15 (4), pp. 567-587. https://doi.org/10.1080/09541440340000024