Time-based prospective memory in adults with developmental dyslexia.

Journal article


Smith-Spark, JH, Zięcik, AP and Sterling, C (2016). Time-based prospective memory in adults with developmental dyslexia. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 49-50, pp. 34-46.
AuthorsSmith-Spark, JH, Zięcik, AP and Sterling, C
Abstract

Prospective memory (PM) is memory for delayed intentions. Despite its importance to everyday life, the few studies on PM function in adults with dyslexia which exist have relied on self-report measures. To determine whether self-reported PM deficits can be measured objectively, laboratory-based PM tasks were administered to 24 adults with dyslexia and 25 age- and IQ-matched adults without dyslexia. Self-report data indicated that people with dyslexia felt that time-based PM (TBPM; requiring responses at certain times in the future) was most problematic for them and so this form of PM was the focus of investigation. Whilst performing the ongoing task from which they were required to break out every 3 min to make a PM-related response, the participants were allowed to make clock checks whenever they wished. The cognitive demands made on ongoing behaviour were manipulated to determine whether loading executive resources had a mediating role in dyslexia-related deficits in PM, resulting in three tasks with varying working memory load. A semi-naturalistic TBPM task was also administered, in which the participants were asked to remind the experimenter to save a data file 40 min after being given this instruction. Dyslexia-related differences were found across all three computerized tasks, regardless of cognitive load. The adults with dyslexia made fewer correct PM responses and also fewer clock checks. On the semi-naturalistic task, the participants with dyslexia were less likely to remember to remind the experimenter to save the file. This is the first study to document PM deficits in dyslexia using objective measures of performance. Since TBPM impairments were found under more naturalistic conditions as well as on computerized tasks, the results have implications for workplace support for adults with dyslexia.

KeywordsHumans; Dyslexia; Case-Control Studies; Intention; Memory, Short-Term; Task Performance and Analysis; Adolescent; Adult; Female; Male; Young Adult; Executive Function; Memory, Episodic; Adults; Developmental dyslexia; Executive functioning; Prospective memory; Time-based prospective memory; Adolescent; Adult; Case-Control Studies; Dyslexia; Executive Function; Female; Humans; Intention; Male; Memory, Episodic; Memory, Short-Term; Task Performance and Analysis; Young Adult; 1303 Specialist Studies In Education; 1701 Psychology; 1117 Public Health And Health Services; Rehabilitation
Year2016
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Journal citation49-50, pp. 34-46
PublisherLondon South Bank University
ISSN1873-3379
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2015.11.006
Publication dates
Print01 Feb 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited27 Jun 2017
Accepted10 Nov 2015
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/87525

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