Environmental context influences visual attention to responsible drinking messages
Frings, D, Moss, AC, Albery, IP, Eskisan, G, Wilcockson, TDW and Marchant, A (2017). Environmental context influences visual attention to responsible drinking messages. Alcohol and Alcoholism.
|Authors||Frings, D, Moss, AC, Albery, IP, Eskisan, G, Wilcockson, TDW and Marchant, A|
Aims: Responsible drinking messages (RDMs) are used as a key tool to reduce alcohol-related harms. A common form of RDM is a poster format displayed in places such as bars, bus stops and toilet cubicles. However, evidence for the effectiveness of RDMs remains limited. Moreover, it is not known how environmental contexts (e.g. the number of alcohol related cues in the environment) impact how such RDMs are interacted with, nor how this in turn affects their efficacy. Methods: One hundred participants completed a pseudo taste preference task in either in a bar laboratory (alcohol cue rich environmental context) or a traditional laboratory. The walls of the laboratory displayed either RDM or control posters during this task and eye tracking was used to assess participant attention to the posters. Results: Participants looked at the RDM posters less in the bar laboratory where the environmental context is rich in alcohol cues compared to a traditional laboratory where alcohol cues are sparse. Neither poster type or environmental context affected the amount of ‘alcohol’ consumed and the amount of visual attention given to RDMs was unrelated to the amount of ‘alcohol’ consumed. Conclusions: These findings provide experimental evidence that RDMs do not influence drinking behavior during active consumption. In addition, locating RDMs in alcohol-cue rich environments may result in sub-optimal behavioural responses to the RDM materials (e.g. visual attention to content). To maximize the potential impact of RDMs, the optimal location for RDMs is in environments where pre-existing alcohol cues are sparse to non-existent.
|Keywords||alcohol; responsible drinking messages; context; visual attention; eyetracking; bar laboratory; 1117 Public Health And Health Services; 1701 Psychology; 1109 Neurosciences; Substance Abuse|
|Journal||Alcohol and Alcoholism|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agx076|
|13 Oct 2017|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||09 Oct 2017|
|Accepted||15 Sep 2017|
|Accepted author manuscript|
CC BY 4.0
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