Does the content and source credibility of health and risk messages related to nicotine vaping products have an impact on harm perception and behavioural intentions? A systematic review
Erku, D., Bauld, L., Dawkins, L., Gartner, C., Steadman, K., Noar, S., Shrestha, S. and Morphett, K. (2021). Does the content and source credibility of health and risk messages related to nicotine vaping products have an impact on harm perception and behavioural intentions? A systematic review. Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.15473
|Authors||Erku, D., Bauld, L., Dawkins, L., Gartner, C., Steadman, K., Noar, S., Shrestha, S. and Morphett, K.|
Aims: To systematically review the literature on (1) whether and how various risk messages about nicotine vaping products (NVPs) alter harm perception and behavioural intentions of smokers and non-smokers and (2) how trust in sources of NVP risk communication affects message reception and behavioural intentions.
Methods: Seven electronic databases and reference lists of relevant articles were searched for articles published up to April 2020. Experimental and quasi-experimental studies on message effects and cross-sectional studies on source credibility were included. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and the Evidence Project Risk of Bias Tool were employed to assess the quality of observational and intervention studies, respectively. For each outcome variable, we indicated whether there was an effect (as a ‘yes or ‘no’) and employed effect direction plots to display information on the direction of effects.
Results: Nicotine addiction messages resulted in greater health and addiction risk perceptions, relative risk messages comparing the health risks of NVPs to cigarette smoking increased the perception that NVPs are less harmful than combustible cigarettes, and a nicotine fact sheet corrected misperceptions of nicotine and NVPs. Smokers’ intention to purchase, try or switch to NVPs was higher when exposed to a relative risk message and lower when exposed to nicotine addiction warnings. Trust in NVP risk information from public health agencies was associated with lower odds of: i) NVP use and ii) perceiving NVPs as less harmful, whereas those who trusted information from NVP companies were more likely to perceive NVPs as less harmful than combustible cigarettes.
Conclusions: Relative risk messages may help improve the accuracy of harm perceptions of nicotine vaping products and increase smokers’ intentions to quit smoking and/or to switch to vaping, although the literature is nascent.
|Keywords||e-cigarettes; vaping; ENDS; health messages; relative risk; harm perceptions; source credibility; behavioural intentions; review|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1111/add.15473|
|10 Mar 2021|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||24 Feb 2021|
|Deposited||03 Mar 2021|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Erku, D. et al, Does the content and source credibility of health and risk messages related to nicotine vaping products have an impact on harm perception and behavioural intentions? A systematic review, Addiction. Which will be published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1360-0443. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Accepted author manuscript
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