Adolescent awareness and use of electronic cigarettes: A review of emerging trends and findings

Journal article


Dawkins, LE, Greenhill, R, Notley, C, Finn, M and Turner, J (2016). Adolescent awareness and use of electronic cigarettes: A review of emerging trends and findings. Journal of Adolescent Health. 59 (6), pp. 612-619.
AuthorsDawkins, LE, Greenhill, R, Notley, C, Finn, M and Turner, J
Abstract

Adult electronic cigarette use is increasing globally and early studies have suggested that similar trends may be observed among the adolescent population, albeit at lower levels. The current literature review presents data collected since 2014 from 21 cross-sectional studies and one cohort study that were all published in English. In particular, it focuses on awareness, ever-use, past 30 day use and regular use of e-cigarettes. The article suggests that adolescents are nearing complete awareness of e-cigarettes. Furthermore, in relation to ever-use and past 30 day use, higher prevalence rates continue to be reported across time, especially in the US. Nonetheless, reported regular use of e-cigarettes remains much lower than past 30 day use, although conclusions are limited due to inconsistencies with measurement and consequent lack of cross-cultural applicability. The majority of studies do not report whether adolescents use non-nicotine electronic cigarettes. There is a current absence of longitudinal studies that explore any association between electronic cigarettes and tobacco use, and little qualitative data that may illuminate how and why adolescents use electronic cigarettes. Through addressing these methodological limitations, future research will be able to inform healthcare and policy more effectively.

Keywordselectronic cigarettes; e-cigarettes; vaping; nicotine; adolescents
Year2016
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Journal citation59 (6), pp. 612-619
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1054-139X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.08.005
FunderCancer Research UK (CRUK)
Publication dates
Print29 Sep 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited08 Aug 2016
Accepted03 Aug 2016
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
File Access Level
Open
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