Toward an ontology of tobacco, nicotine and vaping products.

Journal article


Cox, S., West, R., Notley, C., Soar, K. and Hastings, J. (2022). Toward an ontology of tobacco, nicotine and vaping products. Addiction (Abingdon, England). https://doi.org/10.1111/add.16010
AuthorsCox, S., West, R., Notley, C., Soar, K. and Hastings, J.
AbstractOntologies are ways of representing information that improve clarity and the ability to connect different data sources. This paper proposes an initial version of an ontology of tobacco, nicotine and vaping products with the aim of reducing ambiguity and confusion in the field. Terms related to tobacco, nicotine and vaping products were identified in the research literature and their usage characterised. Basic Formal Ontology was used as a unifying upper-level ontology to describe the domain, and classes with definitions and labels were developed linking them to this ontology. Labels, definitions and properties were reviewed and revised in an iterative manner until a coherent set of classes was agreed by the authors. Overlapping, but distinct classes were developed: 'tobacco-containing product', 'nicotine-containing product' and 'vaping device'. Subclasses of tobacco-containing products are 'combustible tobacco-containing product', 'heated tobacco product' and 'smokeless tobacco-containing product'. Subclasses of combustible tobacco-containing product include 'cigar', 'cigarillo', 'bidi' and 'cigarette' with further subclasses including 'manufactured cigarette'. Manufactured cigarettes have properties that include 'machine-smoked nicotine yield' and 'machine-smoked tar yield'. Subclasses of smokeless tobacco product include 'nasal snuff', 'chewing tobacco product', and 'oral snuff' with its subclass 'snus'. Subclasses of nicotine-containing product include 'nicotine lozenge' and 'nicotine transdermal patch'. Subclasses of vaping device included 'electronic vaping device' with a further subclass, 'e-cigarette'. E-cigarettes have evolved with a complex range of properties including atomiser resistance, battery power, properties of consumables including e-liquid nicotine concentration and flavourings, and the ontology characterises classes of product accordingly. Use of an ontology of tobacco, nicotine and vaping products should help reduce ambiguity and confusion in tobacco control research and practice. [Abstract copyright: © 2022 The Authors. Addiction published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society for the Study of Addiction.]
Keywordstobacco; vape; vaping device; nicotine; ontology; tobacco product; E-cigarette
Year2022
JournalAddiction (Abingdon, England)
PublisherWiley
ISSN1360-0443
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/add.16010
Funder/ClientCancer Research UK
the Society for the Study of Addiction
Publication dates
Online15 Aug 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted18 Jul 2022
Deposited30 Aug 2022
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Supplemental file
License
File Access Level
Open
Additional information

Paper accepted and in proof stage

Page range10.1111/add.16010
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/9162v

Download files


Publisher's version

Accepted author manuscript
Cox_etal_Ontology_Products-accepted.docx
License: CC BY 4.0
File access level: Open


Supplemental file
addicto-products-3.png
License: CC BY 4.0
File access level: Open

  • 8
    total views
  • 33
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 1
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Toward an ontology of identity-related constructs in addiction, with examples from nicotine and tobacco research.
Notley, C., West, R., Soar, K., Hastings, J. and Cox, S. (2022). Toward an ontology of identity-related constructs in addiction, with examples from nicotine and tobacco research. Addiction (Abingdon, England). https://doi.org/10.1111/add.16079
Cutting down, quitting and motivation to stop smoking by self-reported COVID-19 status: Representative cross-sectional surveys in England.
Cox, S., Tattan-Birch, H., Jackson, S., Dawkins, L., Brown, J. and Shahab, L. (2022). Cutting down, quitting and motivation to stop smoking by self-reported COVID-19 status: Representative cross-sectional surveys in England. Addiction (Abingdon, England). https://doi.org/10.1111/add.16029
Drinkers like us? The availability of relatable drinking reduction narratives for people with alcohol use disorders
J. Morris, S. Cox, A. C. Moss and P. Reavey (2022). Drinkers like us? The availability of relatable drinking reduction narratives for people with alcohol use disorders. Addiction Research & Theory. https://doi.org/10.1080/16066359.2022.2099544
Dataset: Co-development of mobile phone text messages to support smokers’ quitting by switching to an e-cigarette
Sideropoulos, V., Vangeli, E., Naughton, F, Cox, S., Frings, D., Notley, C., Brown, J., Kimber, C. and Dawkins, L. (2021). Dataset: Co-development of mobile phone text messages to support smokers’ quitting by switching to an e-cigarette. London South Bank University. https://doi.org/10.18744/lsbu.8y92z
Study protocol for Testing Nicotine Pod Vaping Devices: Are EU-TPD (Tobacco Product Directive) compliant pod-devices sufficiently satisfying to UK smokers?
Kimber, C., Cox, S., Notley, C., Hunter, S., Zaidell, L. and Dawkins, L. (2021). Study protocol for Testing Nicotine Pod Vaping Devices: Are EU-TPD (Tobacco Product Directive) compliant pod-devices sufficiently satisfying to UK smokers? In-principle acceptance in Nicotine and Tobacco Research. https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/D5N2V
User pathways of e‐cigarette use to support long term tobacco smoking relapse prevention: a qualitative analysis
Notley, C., Ward, E., Dawkins, L. and Holland, R. (2020). User pathways of e‐cigarette use to support long term tobacco smoking relapse prevention: a qualitative analysis. Addiction (Abingdon, England). 116 (3), pp. 596-605. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.15226
Tailored interventions to assist smokers to stop smoking using e-cigarettes (TASSE): Study protocol
Kimber, C., Cox, S., Frings, D. and Sideropoulos, V. (2020). Tailored interventions to assist smokers to stop smoking using e-cigarettes (TASSE): Study protocol. Qeios. https://doi.org/10.32388/9rdlja
Exploring the uptake and use of electronic cigarettes provided to smokers accessing homeless centres: a four-centre cluster feasibility study
Cox, S., Ford, A., Li, Ji., Best, C., Tyler, A., Robson, D., Bauld, L., Hajek, P., Uny, I., Parrott, S. and Dawkins, L. (2020). Exploring the uptake and use of electronic cigarettes provided to smokers accessing homeless centres: a four-centre cluster feasibility study. Journal of Public Health Research. 9 (7). https://doi.org/10.3310/phr09070
Study protocol for comparing the subjective effects and nicotine delivery associated with the use of the EU and the US JUUL pod vaping device in UK smokers
Kimber, C., Cox, S., Caitlin, N., Hunter, S., Zaidell, L. and Dawkins, L. (2020). Study protocol for comparing the subjective effects and nicotine delivery associated with the use of the EU and the US JUUL pod vaping device in UK smokers. Nicotine and Tobacco Research (OUP). https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/5J3EW
A cluster feasibility trial to explore the uptake and use of e-cigarettes versus usual care offered to smokers attending homeless centres in Great Britain
Dawkins, L., Bauld, L., Ford, A., Robson, D., Hajek, P., Parrott, S., Best, C., Li, J., Tyler, A., Uny, I. and Cox, S. (2020). A cluster feasibility trial to explore the uptake and use of e-cigarettes versus usual care offered to smokers attending homeless centres in Great Britain. PLoS ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0240968
Responsibility, normalisation and negotiations of harm: E-cigarette users' opinions and experiences of vaping around children
Ward, E., Dawkins, L., Holland, R. and Notley, C. (2020). Responsibility, normalisation and negotiations of harm: E-cigarette users' opinions and experiences of vaping around children. International Journal of Drug Policy. 88, p. 103016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.103016
Data for: A cluster feasibility trial to explore the uptake and use of e-cigarettes versus usual care offered to smokers attending homeless centres in Great Britain
Dawkins, L., Cox, S., Tyler, A., Bauld, L, Ford, A, Robson, D, Hajek, P, Best, C, Li, J, Uny, I and Parrott, S (2020). Data for: A cluster feasibility trial to explore the uptake and use of e-cigarettes versus usual care offered to smokers attending homeless centres in Great Britain. London South Bank University. https://doi.org/10.18744/lsbu.8q255
Daily exposure to formaldehyde and acetaldehyde and potential health risk associated with use of high and low nicotine e-liquid concentrations
Kosmider, L, Cox, S, Marzena, Z, Jolanta, K, Goniewicz, M, McRobbie, H, Kimber, C and Dawkins, L (2020). Daily exposure to formaldehyde and acetaldehyde and potential health risk associated with use of high and low nicotine e-liquid concentrations. Scientific Reports. 10 (6546). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63292-1
Measuring the impact of the Capital Card®†, a novel form of contingency management, on substance misuse treatment outcomes: A retrospective evaluation
Moss, A., DeSilva, D., Cox, S., Notley, C. and Nanda, M. (2020). Measuring the impact of the Capital Card®†, a novel form of contingency management, on substance misuse treatment outcomes: A retrospective evaluation. PLoS ONE. 15 (3), p. e0229905. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0229905
Smoking amongst adults experiencing homelessness: A systematic review of prevalence rates, interventions and the barriers and facilitators to quitting and staying quit
Soar, K., Dawkins, L., Robson, D. and Cox, S. (2020). Smoking amongst adults experiencing homelessness: A systematic review of prevalence rates, interventions and the barriers and facilitators to quitting and staying quit. Journal of Smoking Cessation. 15 (2), pp. 94-108. https://doi.org/10.1017/jsc.2020.11
Developing an E-Cigarette Ontology
Cox, Sharon, Notley, Caitlin, West, Robert and Hastings, Janna (2020). Developing an E-Cigarette Ontology. Global Forum of Nicotine. Warsaw 13 - 15 Jun 2019
Editorial for special issue: Vulnerable Groups: Addiction Research, Policy and Practice
Cox, S., Moss, A. and Ritter, A. (2020). Editorial for special issue: Vulnerable Groups: Addiction Research, Policy and Practice. Addictive Behaviors.
Communicating the Relative Health Risks of E-Cigarettes: An online experimental study exploring the Effects of a Comparative Health Message versus the EU Nicotine Addiction Warnings on Smokers’ and Non-Smokers’ Risk Perceptions and Behavioural Intentions.
Kimber, C., Frings, D., Cox, S., Albery, I. and Dawkins, L. (2020). Communicating the Relative Health Risks of E-Cigarettes: An online experimental study exploring the Effects of a Comparative Health Message versus the EU Nicotine Addiction Warnings on Smokers’ and Non-Smokers’ Risk Perceptions and Behavioural Intentions. Addictive Behaviors. 101, p. 106177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.106177
A systematic review of smoking, smoking cessation and the homeless: there is a will but is there a way?
Cox, S., Dawkins, L., Robson, D. and Soar, K. (2019). A systematic review of smoking, smoking cessation and the homeless: there is a will but is there a way? Lisbon Addictions Conference 2019. Lisbon 09 - 11 Oct 2019
Investigating within-person patterns and trajectories of dual e-cigarette and tobacco use: the TRAJECT mixed methods study protocol
Cox, S., Notley, C., Dawkins, L., Naughton, F., Beard, E., Kimber, C., Ward, E., Holland, R. and Kwasnicka, D. (2019). Investigating within-person patterns and trajectories of dual e-cigarette and tobacco use: the TRAJECT mixed methods study protocol. Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. Oslo 17 - 21 Sep 2019
Addiction’s policy on fair authorship and acknowledgment practices
Cox, S., O'Reilly, Jean, West, Robert and Neale, Jo (2019). Addiction’s policy on fair authorship and acknowledgment practices. Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14908
Understanding women's feelings about safety and hazards of street drinking in London through interpretative phenomenological analysis
Tyler, A., Moss, A. and Cox, S. (2019). Understanding women's feelings about safety and hazards of street drinking in London through interpretative phenomenological analysis. Addictive Behaviors. 99, p. 106042. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.106042
Data for 'Real-world’ compensatory behaviour with low nicotine concentration e-liquid: subjective effects and nicotine, acrolein and formaldehyde exposure
Dawkins, LE, Cox, S, Goniewicz, M, McRobbie, H, Kimber, CF, Doig, M and Kosmider, L (2019). Data for 'Real-world’ compensatory behaviour with low nicotine concentration e-liquid: subjective effects and nicotine, acrolein and formaldehyde exposure. John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society for the Study of Addiction. https://doi.org/10.18744/LSBU.002952
What is the value of peer involvement in advancing tobacco harm reduction?
Cox, S, Notley, C, Ross, L and Jakes, S (2019). What is the value of peer involvement in advancing tobacco harm reduction? Harm Reduction Journal. 16 (2). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-018-0275-1
A cross sectional survey of smoking characteristics and quitting behaviour from a sample of homeless adults in Great Britain
Dawkins, L, Ford, A., Bauld, L, Balaban, S, Tyler, A and Cox, S (2019). A cross sectional survey of smoking characteristics and quitting behaviour from a sample of homeless adults in Great Britain. Addictive Behaviors. 95 (2019), pp. 35-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.02.020
A survey of the effect of viewing an on-line e-cigarette advertisement on attitudes towards cigarette and e-cigarette use in adults located in the UK and USA: a cross-sectional study.
Booth, P, Albery, I, Frings, D and Cox, S (2019). A survey of the effect of viewing an on-line e-cigarette advertisement on attitudes towards cigarette and e-cigarette use in adults located in the UK and USA: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027525
Effects of e-cigarettes versus nicotine replacement therapy on short-term smoking abstinence when delivered at a community pharmacy
Cox, S, Dawkins, L, Dosh, J and Cameron, J (2019). Effects of e-cigarettes versus nicotine replacement therapy on short-term smoking abstinence when delivered at a community pharmacy. Addictive Behaviors Reports. 10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2019.100202
Optics and Illusions of Street Drinking in East London: A thematic analysis
Tyler, A., Cox, S. and Moss, A. (2018). Optics and Illusions of Street Drinking in East London: A thematic analysis. SSA Annual Conference, Society for the Study of Addiction. Newcastle 07 - 08 Nov 2018
A Qualitative Exploration of the Role of Vape Shop Environments in Supporting Smoking Abstinence
Ward, E, Cox, SA, Dawkins, LE, Jakes, S, Holland, R and Notley, C (2018). A Qualitative Exploration of the Role of Vape Shop Environments in Supporting Smoking Abstinence. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 15 (2), p. 297. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020297
Aspects of alcohol use disorder affecting social cognition as assessed using the Mini Social and Emotional Assessment (mini-SEA)
Cox, SA, Bertoux, M, Turner, JJD, Moss, AC, Locker, K and Riggs, K (2018). Aspects of alcohol use disorder affecting social cognition as assessed using the Mini Social and Emotional Assessment (mini-SEA). Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 187, pp. 165-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.03.004
'Real-world' compensatory behaviour with low nicotine concentration e-liquid: subjective effects and nicotine, acrolein and formaldehyde exposure
Dawkins, LE, Cox, SA, Goniewicz, M, McRobbie, H, Kimber, CF, Doig, M and Kosmider, L (2018). 'Real-world' compensatory behaviour with low nicotine concentration e-liquid: subjective effects and nicotine, acrolein and formaldehyde exposure. Addiction. 113 (10), pp. 1874-1882. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14271
The unique contribution of e-cigarettes for tobacco harm reduction in supporting smoking relapse prevention
Notley, C, Ward, E, Dawkins, LE and Holland, R (2018). The unique contribution of e-cigarettes for tobacco harm reduction in supporting smoking relapse prevention. Harm Reduction Journal. 15 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-018-0237-7
Global and local perspectives on tobacco harm reduction: what are the issues and where do we go from here?
Cox, SA and Dawkins, LE (2018). Global and local perspectives on tobacco harm reduction: what are the issues and where do we go from here? Harm Reduction Journal. 15 (32). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-018-0239-5
Automatic visual-spatial perspective taking in alcohol-dependence: a study with happy emotional faces
Cox, SA, Maurage, P, O'Connor, R, Chandler, C and Riggs, K (2018). Automatic visual-spatial perspective taking in alcohol-dependence: a study with happy emotional faces. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 190, pp. 42-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.05.025
Correction: Global and local perspectives on tobacco harm reduction: What are the issues and where do we go from here? [Harm Reduct J., 15, (2018) (32)] DOI: 10.1186/s12954-018-0239-5
Cox, S and Dawkins, L (2018). Correction: Global and local perspectives on tobacco harm reduction: What are the issues and where do we go from here? [Harm Reduct J., 15, (2018) (32)] DOI: 10.1186/s12954-018-0239-5. Harm Reduction Journal. 15 (1), p. 37. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1186/s12954-018-0242-x
Messages matter: The Tobacco Products Directive nicotine addiction health warning versus an alternative relative risk message on smokers' willingness to use and purchase an electronic cigarette
Cox, S, Frings, D., Ahmed, R and Dawkins, L. (2018). Messages matter: The Tobacco Products Directive nicotine addiction health warning versus an alternative relative risk message on smokers' willingness to use and purchase an electronic cigarette. Addictive Behaviors Reports. 8, pp. 136-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2018.09.006
The effects of the European E-cigarette health warning and comparative health messages on non-smokers' and smokers' risk perceptions and behavioural intentions: study protocol
Kimber, C, Frings, D, Cox, S, Albery, I and Dawkins, L (2018). The effects of the European E-cigarette health warning and comparative health messages on non-smokers' and smokers' risk perceptions and behavioural intentions: study protocol. BMC Public Health. 18 (1259). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6161-7
Vaping as an alternative to smoking relapse following brief lapse
Notley, C, Ward, E, Dawkins, L, Holland, R and Jakes, S (2018). Vaping as an alternative to smoking relapse following brief lapse. Drug and Alcohol Review. 38 (1), pp. 68-75. https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.12876
Helping you helps me: Giving and receiving social support in recovery groups for problem gamblers
Hutchison, P, Cox, S and Frings, DJ (2018). Helping you helps me: Giving and receiving social support in recovery groups for problem gamblers. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice. 22 (4), pp. 187-199. https://doi.org/10.1037/gdn0000090
Response to Campbell et al., (2018) - Health risk perceptions and reasons for use of tobacco products among clients in addictions treatment
Cox, S and Notley, C (2018). Response to Campbell et al., (2018) - Health risk perceptions and reasons for use of tobacco products among clients in addictions treatment. Addictive Behaviors. 90, pp. 378-379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.11.047
An exploration into “do-it-yourself” (DIY) e-liquid mixing: Users' motivations, practices and product laboratory analysis
Cox, S, Dawkins, L, Leigh, N, Choo, E, Vanderbush, T and Goniewicz, M (2018). An exploration into “do-it-yourself” (DIY) e-liquid mixing: Users' motivations, practices and product laboratory analysis. Addictive Behaviors Reports. 9, p. 100151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2018.100151
Nicotine and e-cigarettes: Rethinking addiction in the context of reduced harm.
Cox, SA and Jakes, S (2017). Nicotine and e-cigarettes: Rethinking addiction in the context of reduced harm. International Journal of Drug Policy. 44, pp. 84-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2017.03.009
The effect of alcohol dependence on automatic visuo-spatial perspective taking
Cox, S, Chandler, C, Simpson, A and Riggs, K (2016). The effect of alcohol dependence on automatic visuo-spatial perspective taking. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 166, pp. 21-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.06.007
E-cigarette puffing patterns associated with high and low nicotine e-liquid strength: effects on toxicant and carcinogen exposure (study protocol)
Dawkins, LE, Cox, SA, Kosmider, L, McRobbie, H, Goniewicz, M, Kimber, CF and Doig, M (2016). E-cigarette puffing patterns associated with high and low nicotine e-liquid strength: effects on toxicant and carcinogen exposure (study protocol). BMC Public Health. 16. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3653-1
Adolescent awareness and use of electronic cigarettes: A review of emerging trends and findings
Dawkins, LE, Greenhill, R, Notley, C, Finn, M and Turner, J (2016). Adolescent awareness and use of electronic cigarettes: A review of emerging trends and findings. Journal of Adolescent Health. 59 (6), pp. 612-619. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.08.005