Additive effects of prior knowledge and predictive visual information in improving continuous tracking performance

Journal article


Broeker, L, Ewolds, H, De Oliveira, R, Kunzell, S and Raab, M (2020). Additive effects of prior knowledge and predictive visual information in improving continuous tracking performance. Journal of Cognition. 40, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.5334/joc.130
AuthorsBroeker, L, Ewolds, H, De Oliveira, R, Kunzell, S and Raab, M
Abstract

Visual information and prior knowledge represent two different sources of predictability for tasks which each have been reported to have a beneficial effect on dual-task performance. What if the two were combined? Adding multiple sources of predictability might, on the one hand, lead to additive, beneficial effects on dual-tasking. On the other hand, it is conceivable that multiple sources of predictability do not increase dual-task performance further, as they complicate performance due to having to process information from multiple sources. In this study, we combined two sources of predictability, predictive visual information and prior knowledge (implicit learning and explicit learning) in a dual-task setup. 22 participants performed a continuous tracking task together with an auditory reaction time task over three days. The middle segment of the tracking task was repeating to promote motor learning, but only half of the participants was informed about this. After the practice blocks (day 3), we provided participants with predictive visual information about the tracking path to test whether visual information would add to beneficial effects of prior knowledge (additive effects of predictability). Results show that both predictive visual information and prior knowledge improved dual-task performance, presented simultaneously or in absence of each other. These results show that processing of information relevant for enhancement of task performance is unhindered by dual-task demands.

Keywordsaction and perception; auditory processing; implicit learning; visual perception
Year2020
JournalJournal of Cognition
Journal citation40, pp. 1-12
PublisherUbiquity Press
ISSN2514-4820
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.5334/joc.130
Publication dates
Print13 Oct 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted23 Sep 2020
Deposited24 Sep 2020
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Controlled
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Open
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