Embodied cognition with and without mental representations: The case of embodied choices in sports

Journal article


Raab, M and Araújo, D (2019). Embodied cognition with and without mental representations: The case of embodied choices in sports. Frontiers in Microbiology. 10 (AUG).
AuthorsRaab, M and Araújo, D
Abstract

© 2019 Raab and Araújo. In this conceptual analysis contribution to the special issue on radical embodied cognition, we discuss how embodied cognition can exist with and without representations. We explore this concept through the lens of judgment and decision-making in sports (JDMS). Embodied cognition has featured in many investigations of human behavior, but no single approach has emerged. Indeed, the very definitions of the concepts “embodiment” and “cognition” lack consensus, and consequently the degree of “radicalism” is not universally defined, either. In this paper, we address JDMS not from a rigid theoretical perspective but from two embodied cognition approaches: one that assumes there is mediation between the athlete and the environment through mental representation, and another that assumes direct contact between the athlete and the environment and thus no need for mental representation. Importantly, our aim was not to arrive at a theoretical consensus or set up a competition between approaches but rather to provide a legitimate scientific discussion about how to explain empirical results in JDMS from contrasting perspectives within embodied cognition. For this, we first outline the definitions and constructs of embodied cognition in JDMS. Second, we detail the theory underlying the mental representation and direct contact approaches. Third, we comment on two published research papers on JDMS, one selected by each of us: (1) Correia et al. (2012) and (2) Pizzera (2012). Fourth, following the interpretation of the empirical findings of these papers, we present a discussion on the commonalities and divergences of these two perspectives and the consequences of using one or the other approach in the study of JDMS.

Year2019
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Journal citation10 (AUG)
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
ISSN1664-302X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01825
Web address (URL)https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01825/full
Publication dates
Print01 Sep 2019
Online07 Aug 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted16 Jun 2019
Deposited06 Mar 2020
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open
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