Implicit and explicit knowledge both improve dual task performance in a continuous pursuit tracking task
Ewolds, H, Broeker, L, de Oliveira, RF, Raab, M and Künzell, S (2017). Implicit and explicit knowledge both improve dual task performance in a continuous pursuit tracking task. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, pp. 1-11.
|Authors||Ewolds, H, Broeker, L, de Oliveira, RF, Raab, M and Künzell, S|
The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of predictability on dual-task performance in a continuous tracking task. Participants practiced either informed (explicit group) or uninformed (implicit group) about a repeated segment in the curves they had to track. In Experiment 1 participants practices the tracking task only, dual-task performance was assessed after by combining the tracking task with an auditory reaction time task. Results showed both groups learned equally well and tracking performance on a predictable segment in the dual-task condition was better than on random segments. However, reaction times did not benefit from a predictable tracking segment. To investigate the effect of learning under dual-task situation participants in Experiment 2 practiced the tracking task while simultaneously performing the auditory reaction time task. No learning of the repeated segment could be demonstrated for either group during the training blocks, in contrast to the test-block and retention test, where participants performed better on the repeated segment in both dual-task and single-task conditions. Only the explicit group improved from test-block to retention test. As in Experiment 1, reaction times while tracking a predictable segment were no better than reaction times while tracking a random segment. We concluded that predictability has a positive effect only on the predictable task itself possibly because of a task-shielding mechanism. For dual-task training there seems to be an initial negative effect of explicit instructions, possibly because of fatigue, but the advantage of explicit instructions was demonstrated in a retention test. This might be due to the explicit memory system informing or aiding the implicit memory system.
|Keywords||multitasking; implicit motor learning; continuous tracking task; predictability; sequence learning|
|Journal||Frontiers in Psychology|
|Journal citation||8, pp. 1-11|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02241|
|08 Dec 2017|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||13 Dec 2017|
|Accepted||08 Dec 2017|
|Accepted author manuscript|
CC BY 4.0
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