Cultural intelligence in sport: An examination of football coaches’ cross-cultural training needs

Journal article


Borges, M., Rosado, A., Lobinger, B., Freitas, F and De Oliveira, R. (2022). Cultural intelligence in sport: An examination of football coaches’ cross-cultural training needs. German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12662-022-00825-y
AuthorsBorges, M., Rosado, A., Lobinger, B., Freitas, F and De Oliveira, R.
Abstract

Cultural intelligence is the capability of a person to adapt effectively to different cultures. This capability has been investigated in areas such as management, military, and education. However, there are no studies in sport referring to this capability. It is important to study cultural intelligence in sport because of the increased globalisation resulting from coaches’ and athletes’ migration across countries and clubs. This study aimed to develop the CQsport and examine its factorial structure and psychometric properties; and examine coaches’ cultural intelligence and their perceived cross-cultural training needs. Participants were 209 football coaches either with or without international experience. Participants completed an online survey consisting of CQsport and a cross-cultural training needs questionnaire. We used a Multi-Group analysis, within the SEM approach, to test group differences in the CQsport and performed a One-Way ANOVA for comparisons across groups concerning cross-cultural training needs. Coaches with international experience rated themselves with more cultural intelligence in the sports context than coaches with no international experience on the metacognitive, cognitive, motivational and behavioural dimensions. Coaches with international experience also self-rated fewer training needs than coaches without international experience. This study represents the first attempt to examine football coaches’ cultural intelligence and their cross-cultural training needs.

KeywordsEmigration, Manager, Soccer, Cultural diversity, Transnationalism.
Year2022
JournalGerman Journal of Exercise and Sport Research
PublisherSpringer
ISSN2509-3142
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12662-022-00825-y
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12662-022-00825-y
Publication dates
Print13 May 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted26 Apr 2022
Deposited29 Apr 2022
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