Attentional distraction by negative sports words in athletes under low- and high-pressure conditions: Evidence from the sport emotional stroop task
Lautenbach, F, Putman, P, Angelidis, A, Laborde, S and Raab, M (2016). Attentional distraction by negative sports words in athletes under low- and high-pressure conditions: Evidence from the sport emotional stroop task. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology. 5 (4), pp. 296 - 307.
|Authors||Lautenbach, F, Putman, P, Angelidis, A, Laborde, S and Raab, M|
© American Psychological Association.To compete successfully, athletes should often focus attention on task-relevant information, thereby inhibiting task-irrelevant distracting information, which can be emotionally laden (e.g., worries about performance). To date, there has been a lack of research assessing athletes' processing of emotional stimuli. Further, objective measurements assessing general inhibition performance have been performed under low-pressure conditions. We investigated for the first time athletes' processing of emotional task-irrelevant information in low- and high-pressure conditions. Forty athletes performed a modified emotional Stroop task (i.e., sport emotional Stroop task [SEST]) measuring attentional processing of emotional task-irrelevant stimuli. Results show an interference effect under low (p = .011) and high (p = .021) pressure for negative sports words. No effect was found for positive sports words in the low-pressure (p = .271) or high-pressure (p = .393) condition. No effect of pressure on interference was observed. Results are discussed as they relate to the threat-relatedness hypothesis and the arousal hypothesis as well as attentional control theory. Possible fields of application for the SEST are reviewed.
|Journal||Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology|
|Journal citation||5 (4), pp. 296 - 307|
|Publisher||American Psychological Association|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1037/spy0000073|
|30 Nov 2016|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||13 Mar 2017|
|Accepted||01 Sep 2016|
|Accepted author manuscript|
CC BY 4.0
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