Why prediction matters in multitasking and how predictability can improve it

Journal article


Broeker, L, Kiesel, A, Aufschnaiter, S, Ewolds, H, Gaschler, R, Haider, H, Künzell, S, Raab, M, Röttger, E, Thomaschke, R and Zhao, F (2017). Why prediction matters in multitasking and how predictability can improve it. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, p. 2021.
AuthorsBroeker, L, Kiesel, A, Aufschnaiter, S, Ewolds, H, Gaschler, R, Haider, H, Künzell, S, Raab, M, Röttger, E, Thomaschke, R and Zhao, F
Abstract

This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. It is reproduced with permission.

Prediction1 is an omnipresent principle of human behavior that can be fostered by predictability in the environment. We regard prediction as the mental representation of future event states or anticipated action consequences, and predictability as a property of certain events in the environment. On the assumption that predictability and prediction are beneficial for any kind of behavior, we argue that their benefits to relieving the human system are most evident when encountering multiple tasks. However, we predicate that their impact on multitasking is understudied and so we aim at dissociating prediction and predictability within multitasking contexts and at outlining different sources of predictability that have not been conflated under this term so far. From our opinion it follows that future multitasking research requires experimental designs and analyses that consider and unveil principles of prediction and the impact of predictability on multitasking performance.

Year2017
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Journal citation8, p. 2021
PublisherFrontiers Media
ISSN1664-1078
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02021
Publication dates
Print22 Nov 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited11 Dec 2017
Accepted22 Oct 2017
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open
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