Why prediction matters in multitasking and how predictability can improve it
Broeker, L, Kiesel, A, Aufschnaiter, S, Ewolds, H, Gaschler, R, Haider, H, Künzell, S, Raab, M, Röttger, E, Thomaschke, R and Zhao, F (2017). Why prediction matters in multitasking and how predictability can improve it. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, p. 2021.
|Authors||Broeker, L, Kiesel, A, Aufschnaiter, S, Ewolds, H, Gaschler, R, Haider, H, Künzell, S, Raab, M, Röttger, E, Thomaschke, R and Zhao, F|
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Prediction1 is an omnipresent principle of human behavior that can be fostered by predictability in the environment. We regard prediction as the mental representation of future event states or anticipated action consequences, and predictability as a property of certain events in the environment. On the assumption that predictability and prediction are beneficial for any kind of behavior, we argue that their benefits to relieving the human system are most evident when encountering multiple tasks. However, we predicate that their impact on multitasking is understudied and so we aim at dissociating prediction and predictability within multitasking contexts and at outlining different sources of predictability that have not been conflated under this term so far. From our opinion it follows that future multitasking research requires experimental designs and analyses that consider and unveil principles of prediction and the impact of predictability on multitasking performance.
|Journal||Frontiers in Psychology|
|Journal citation||8, p. 2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02021|
|22 Nov 2017|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||11 Dec 2017|
|Accepted||22 Oct 2017|
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