An adaptive toolbox approach to the route to expertise in sport.
de Oliveira, RF, Lobinger, B and Raab, M (2014). An adaptive toolbox approach to the route to expertise in sport. Frontiers in Psychology. 5, p. 709. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00709
|Authors||de Oliveira, RF, Lobinger, B and Raab, M|
Expertise is characterized by fast decision-making which is highly adaptive to new situations. Here we propose that athletes use a toolbox of heuristics which they develop on their route to expertise. The development of heuristics occurs within the context of the athletes' natural abilities, past experiences, developed skills, and situational context, but does not pertain to any of these factors separately. This is a novel approach because it integrates separate factors into a comprehensive heuristic description. The novelty of this approach lies within the integration of separate factors determining expertise into a comprehensive heuristic description. It is our contention that talent identification methods and talent development models should therefore be geared toward the assessment and development of specific heuristics. Specifically, in addition to identifying and developing separate natural abilities and skills as per usual, heuristics should be identified and developed. The application of heuristics to talent and expertise models can bring the field one step away from dichotomized models of nature and nurture toward a comprehensive approach to the route to expertise.
|Keywords||cues; expertise; heuristics; sport; talent development; talent identification; 1701 Psychology|
|Journal||Frontiers in Psychology|
|Journal citation||5, p. 709|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00709|
|08 Jul 2014|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||18 Jul 2017|
|Accepted||19 Jun 2014|
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