The power of simplicity: a fast-and-frugal heuristics approach to performance science.

Journal article


Raab, M and Gigerenzer, G (2015). The power of simplicity: a fast-and-frugal heuristics approach to performance science. Frontiers in Psychology. 6, pp. 1672-1678.
AuthorsRaab, M and Gigerenzer, G
Abstract

Performance science is a fairly new multidisciplinary field that integrates performance domains such as sports, medicine, business, and the arts. To give its many branches a structure and its research a direction, it requires a theoretical framework. We demonstrate the applications of this framework with examples from sport and medicine. Because performance science deals mainly with situations of uncertainty rather than known risks, the needed framework can be provided by the fast-and-frugal heuristics approach. According to this approach, experts learn to rely on heuristics in an adaptive way in order to make accurate decisions. We investigate the adaptive use of heuristics in three ways: the descriptive study of the heuristics in the cognitive "adaptive toolbox;" the prescriptive study of their "ecological rationality," that is, the characterization of the situations in which a given heuristic works; and the engineering study of "intuitive design," that is, the design of transparent aids for making better decisions.

Keywordsfast-and-frugal trees; medicine; simple heuristics; sports; take-the-first heuristic; 1701 Psychology
Year2015
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Journal citation6, pp. 1672-1678
PublisherFrontiers Media
ISSN1664-1078
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01672
Publication dates
Print29 Oct 2015
Publication process dates
Deposited11 Jul 2017
Accepted29 Sep 2015
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open
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