Effect of avatars and viewpoints on performance in virtual world: efficiency vs. telepresence

Journal article


Rybarczyk, Y, Coelho, T, Cardoso, T and de Oliveira, RF (2014). Effect of avatars and viewpoints on performance in virtual world: efficiency vs. telepresence. EAI Endorsed Transactions on Creative Technologies. 14 (1), pp. 1 - 12.
AuthorsRybarczyk, Y, Coelho, T, Cardoso, T and de Oliveira, RF
Abstract

An increasing number of our interactions are mediated through e-technologies. In order to enhance the human’s feeling of presence into these virtual environments, also known as telepresence, the individual is usually embodied into an avatar. The natural adaptation capabilities, underlain by the plasticity of the body schema, of the human being make a body ownership of the avatar possible, in which the user feels more like his/her virtual alter ego than himself/herself. However, this phenomenon only occurs under specific conditions. Two experiments are designed to study the human’s feeling and performance according to a scale of natural relationship between the participant and the avatar. In both experiments, the human-avatar interaction is carried out by a Natural User Interface (NUI) and the individual’s performance is assessed through a behavioural index, based on the concept of affordances, and a questionnaire of presence The first experiment shows that the feeling of telepresence and ownership seem to be greater when the avatar’s kinematics and proportions are close to those of the user. However, the efficiency to complete the task is higher for a more mechanical and stereotypical avatar. The second experiment shows that the manipulation of the viewpoint induces a similar difference across the sessions. Results are discussed in terms of the neurobehavioral processes underlying performance in virtual worlds, which seem to be based on ownership when the virtual artefact ensures a preservation of sensorimotor contingencies, and simple geometrical mapping when the conditions become more artificial.

Year2014
JournalEAI Endorsed Transactions on Creative Technologies
Journal citation14 (1), pp. 1 - 12
PublisherLondon South Bank University
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.4108/ct.1.1.e4
Publication dates
Print14 Oct 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited27 Jun 2018
Accepted14 Oct 2014
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/8778y

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