What makes young people get involved with street gangs in London? A study of the perceived risk factors

Journal article


Gaoua, N., Annan, L., Borges, M. and Mileva, K. (2021). What makes young people get involved with street gangs in London? A study of the perceived risk factors. Journal of Community Psychology.
AuthorsGaoua, N., Annan, L., Borges, M. and Mileva, K.
Abstract

Aims: This study examined the perceived determinants of street gang-related antisocial behaviour and crime of young people in a deprived and ethnically diverse community in London.
Methods: 26 participants were recruited from two youth centres (one sport and one art-based program) from the borough of Tower Hamlets. Participants took part in four focus groups organised into two youth (N=14) and two adult (N=12) sub-groups. The focus group questions explored participants’ understanding of their community and social environment, their social interaction with the local young people and youth gangs. Data was analysed using a thematic approach and key factors associated with youth street gang involvement were identified.
Results: Participants highlighted a series of determinants, which were centred on social predispositions and psychological factors. Associated risk factors were heavily embedded in the racial and religious tensions within the borough.
Conclusion: Therefore, context-specific to the individual communities' risk factors should be identified prior to the development and implementation of intervention strategies to enhance their potential for impact.

KeywordsLondon, youth violence, knife crime, county lines, street gangs
Year2021
JournalJournal of Community Psychology
PublisherWiley
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Deposited30 Sep 2021
Accepted author manuscript
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This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: What makes young people get involved with street gangs in London? A study of the perceived risk factors, which has been published in final form at Journal of Community Psychology. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions

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