What makes young people get involved with street gangs in London? A study of the perceived risk factors

Journal article


Annan, L., Gaoua, N., Mileva, K. and Borges, M. (2021). What makes young people get involved with street gangs in London? A study of the perceived risk factors. Journal of Community Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22767
AuthorsAnnan, L., Gaoua, N., Mileva, K. and Borges, M.
AbstractThis study examined the perceived determinants of street gang-related antisocial behavior (ASB) and crime of young people (YP) in a deprived and ethnically diverse community in London. Twenty-six participants were recruited from two youth centers (one sport and one art-based program) from the borough of Tower Hamlets. Participants took part in four focus groups (FGs) organized into two youth (N = 14) and two adults (N = 12) subgroups. The FG questions explored participants' understanding of their community and social environment, their social interaction with the local YP and youth gangs. Data were analyzed using a thematic approach and key factors associated with youth gang membership, ASB, and crime were identified. Participants highlighted a series of determinants, which were centered on social predispositions and psychological factors. Associated risk factors were heavily embedded in the racial and religious tensions within the borough. Therefore, context-specific to the individual communities' risk factors should be identified before the development and implementation of intervention strategies to enhance their potential for impact. [Abstract copyright: © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.]
KeywordsSocial Psychology
Year2021
JournalJournal of Community Psychology
PublisherWiley
ISSN0090-4392
1520-6629
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22767
Publication dates
Online16 Dec 2021
Publication process dates
Deposited30 Sep 2021
Accepted27 Sep 2021
Accepted author manuscript
File description
Accepted version
File Access Level
Open
Additional information

This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: What makes young people get involved with street gangs in London? A study of the perceived risk factors, which has been published in final form at Journal of Community Psychology. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions

Licensehttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions#vor
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/8xz4z

Restricted files

Accepted author manuscript

  • 82
    total views
  • 1
    total downloads
  • 11
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Cultural intelligence in sport: An examination of football coaches’ cross-cultural training needs
Borges, M., Rosado, A., Lobinger, B., Freitas, F and De Oliveira, R. (2022). Cultural intelligence in sport: An examination of football coaches’ cross-cultural training needs. German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research.
Sport and Exercise Science and Health
Mileva, K. and Zaidell, L. (2022). Sport and Exercise Science and Health. in: Wills, J. (ed.) Health Studies: an Introduction Springer Nature. pp. 84-124
Passing Networks: An Examination of the Prevalence of Positions in Positional Attack in Handball
Borges, M. and Seeley, J. (2022). Passing Networks: An Examination of the Prevalence of Positions in Positional Attack in Handball. The 9th International Performance Analysis Workshop and Conference & 5th IACSS Conference. Vienna 30 - 31 Aug 2021 Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-99333-7_8
Accuracy of peak nasal flow to determine nasal obstruction in patients with allergic 5 rhinitis
Hunter, S., de Oliveira, G., Valois, M., Costa, M., Veras, G., Rizzo, J., Gaoua, N. and Sarinho, E. (2022). Accuracy of peak nasal flow to determine nasal obstruction in patients with allergic 5 rhinitis. Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica.
Ventilation rates achieved in eucapnic voluntary hyperpnea challenge and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction diagnosis in young patients with asthma
Rizzo, J.A., de Barros Albuquerque, L.C.B, Medeiros, D., de Albuquerque C.G, Filho, E.A.R, de Moura Santos M.A, Hunter, S., Gaoua, N. and de Valois Correia Jr, M.A. (2022). Ventilation rates achieved in eucapnic voluntary hyperpnea challenge and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction diagnosis in young patients with asthma. Lung. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00408-022-00519-0
Effects of living and working in a hot environment on cognitive function in a quiet and temperature-controlled room: An oil and gas industry study
Girard, O., Gaoua, Nadia, Grantham, Justin, Knez, Wade, Walsh, Andrew and Racinais, S. (2021). Effects of living and working in a hot environment on cognitive function in a quiet and temperature-controlled room: An oil and gas industry study. Temperature. 8 (4), pp. 372-380. https://doi.org/10.1080/23328940.2021.1959289
Less Is More—Cyclists-Triathlete’s 30 min Cycling Time-Trial Performance Is Impaired With Multiple Feedback Compared to a Single Feedback
Bayne, F., Racinais, Sebastien, Mileva, Katya, Hunter, Steve and Gaoua, Nadia (2020). Less Is More—Cyclists-Triathlete’s 30 min Cycling Time-Trial Performance Is Impaired With Multiple Feedback Compared to a Single Feedback. Frontiers in Psychology. 11, p. 608426. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.608426
A voluntary activation deficit in m. abductor hallucis exists in asymptomatic feet.
Perez Olivera, A., Solan, M.C, Karamanidis, K., Mileva, K.N. and James, D. (2021). A voluntary activation deficit in m. abductor hallucis exists in asymptomatic feet. Journal of Biomechanics. 130, p. 110863. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2021.110863
Gastrocnemius medialis contractile behavior during running differs between simulated Lunar and Martian gravities
Richter, Ch., Braunstein B., Staeudle B., Attias J., Suess A., Weber T., Mileva, K., Rittweger J., Green D.A. and Albracht K. (2021). Gastrocnemius medialis contractile behavior during running differs between simulated Lunar and Martian gravities. Scientific Reports. 11 (22555). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-00527-9
Contractile behavior of the gastrocnemius medialis muscle during running in simulated hypogravity
Richter, C., Braunstein, B., Staeudle, B., Attias, J., Suess, A., Weber, T., Mileva, K., Rittweger, J., Green, D.A. and Albracht, K. (2021). Contractile behavior of the gastrocnemius medialis muscle during running in simulated hypogravity. npj Microgravity. 7 (32), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41526-021-00155-7
This Girl Can, can't she? Perspectives from exercise providers and participants on what factors influence participation  
Hull, R., Zaidell, L., Mileva, K. and De Oliveira, R. (2021). This Girl Can, can't she? Perspectives from exercise providers and participants on what factors influence participation  . Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 57, p. 102043. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2021.102043
Gastrocnemius Medialis Contractile Behavior Is Preserved During 30% Body Weight Supported Gait Training
Richter, C., Braunstein, B., Staeudle, B., Attias, J., Suess, A., Weber, T., Mileva, K.N., Rittweger, J., Green, D.A. and Albracht, K. (2021). Gastrocnemius Medialis Contractile Behavior Is Preserved During 30% Body Weight Supported Gait Training. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living. 2. https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2020.614559
Acute psycho-physiological responses to perceptually regulated hypoxic and normoxic interval walks in overweight-to-obese adults
Hobbins, L., Girard, O., Gaoua, N. and Hunter, S. (2021). Acute psycho-physiological responses to perceptually regulated hypoxic and normoxic interval walks in overweight-to-obese adults. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 24 (5), pp. 481-487. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2020.11.011
Short-Term Perceptually Regulated Interval-Walk Training in Hypoxia and Normoxia in Overweight-to-Obese Adults.
Hobbins, L., Hunter, S., Gaoua, N. and Girard, O. (2021). Short-Term Perceptually Regulated Interval-Walk Training in Hypoxia and Normoxia in Overweight-to-Obese Adults. Journal of sports science & medicine. 20 (1), pp. 45-51. https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2021.45
Portuguese football coaches’ migration: Patterns and networks in 2009-2013
Borges, M., Freitas, F., Rosado, A. and De Oliveira, R. (2020). Portuguese football coaches’ migration: Patterns and networks in 2009-2013. Sociología del Deporte. 1 (2), pp. 37-48. https://doi.org/10.46661/socioldeporte.5098
Sleep and psychological factors are associated with meeting discharge criteria to return to sport following ACL reconstruction in athletes
Khalladi, K, Abdulaziz, Fa, Sas, B, Chtourou, H, Bouras, R, Racinais, S, Souissi, S, Gaoua, N, Chamari, K and El Massioui, F (2020). Sleep and psychological factors are associated with meeting discharge criteria to return to sport following ACL reconstruction in athletes. Biology of Sport. 38 (3), pp. 305-313. https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2021.99704
Supraspinal Responses and Spinal Reflexes
Mileva, K and Ritzmann, R (2020). Supraspinal Responses and Spinal Reflexes. in: Rittweger, J (ed.) Manual of Vibration Exercise and Vibration Therapy Cham, Switzerland Springer Nature. pp. 121-133
Running mechanics adjustments to perceptually-regulated interval runs in hypoxia and normoxia
Li, S.N., Hobbins, L., Morin, J-B., Ryu, J.H., Gaoua, N., Hunter, S. and Girard, O. (2020). Running mechanics adjustments to perceptually-regulated interval runs in hypoxia and normoxia. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 23 (11), pp. 1111-1116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2020.04.001
Direct muscle electrical stimulation as a method for the in vivo assessment of force production in m. abductor hallucis
Olivera, A.L.P., Alzapiedi, D.F., Solan, M.C., Karamanidis, K., Mileva, K. and James, D.C. (2020). Direct muscle electrical stimulation as a method for the in vivo assessment of force production in m. abductor hallucis. Journal of Biomechanics. 100, p. 109606. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2020.109606
Training Regimes and Recovery Monitoring Practices of Elite British Swimmers
Pollock, S., Gaoua, N., Johnston, M., Cooke, K., Girard, O. and Mileva, K. (2019). Training Regimes and Recovery Monitoring Practices of Elite British Swimmers. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 18, pp. 577-585.
Correction to: Effect of Immobilisation on Neuromuscular Function In Vivo in Humans: A Systematic Review
Campbell, M, Varley-Campbell, J, Fulford, J, Taylor, B, Mileva, KN and Bowtell, JL (2019). Correction to: Effect of Immobilisation on Neuromuscular Function In Vivo in Humans: A Systematic Review. Sports Medicine. 49 (6), pp. 981-986. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01100-1
Lower body acceleration and muscular responses to rotational and vertical whole-body vibration of different frequencies and amplitudes
Mileva, K., Zaidell, L, James, DC, Bowtell, J, Pollock, RD, Newham, DJ and Sumners, DP (2019). Lower body acceleration and muscular responses to rotational and vertical whole-body vibration of different frequencies and amplitudes. Dose-Response. 17 (1). https://doi.org/10.1177/1559325818819946
Effect of Immobilisation on Neuromuscular Function In Vivoin Humans: A Systematic Review
Campbell, M, Varley-Campbell, J, Fulford, J, Taylor, B, Mileva, K. and Bowtell, J (2019). Effect of Immobilisation on Neuromuscular Function In Vivoin Humans: A Systematic Review. Sports Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01088-8
Acute Psychophysiological Responses to Cyclic Variation of Intermittent Hypoxic Exposure in Adults with Obesity
Hobbins, L, Girard, O, Gaoua, N and Hunter, S (2019). Acute Psychophysiological Responses to Cyclic Variation of Intermittent Hypoxic Exposure in Adults with Obesity. High Altitude Medicine and Biology. https://doi.org/10.1089/ham.2019.0002
Psycho-physiological responses to perceptually-regulated interval runs in hypoxia and normoxia
Hobbins, L, Gaoua, N, Hunter, S and Girard, O (2019). Psycho-physiological responses to perceptually-regulated interval runs in hypoxia and normoxia. Physiology and Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.112611
Effect of passive hyperthermia on working memory resources during simple and complex cognitive tasks
Gaoua, N, Herrera, CP, Periard, JD, El massioui, F and Racinais, S (2018). Effect of passive hyperthermia on working memory resources during simple and complex cognitive tasks. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02290
Improved Exercise Tolerance with Caffeine Is Associated with Modulation of both Peripheral and Central Neural Processes in Human Participants.
Bowtell, JL, Mohr, M, Fulford, J, Jackman, SR, Ermidis, G, Krustrup, P and Mileva, K. (2018). Improved Exercise Tolerance with Caffeine Is Associated with Modulation of both Peripheral and Central Neural Processes in Human Participants. Frontiers in Nutrition. 5, p. 6. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2018.00006
The Association between Obesity and Cognitive Function in Otherwise Healthy Premenopausal Arab Women
Farooq, A, Gibson, A-M, Reilly, J and Gaoua, N (2018). The Association between Obesity and Cognitive Function in Otherwise Healthy Premenopausal Arab Women. Journal of Obesity. p. 1741962. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1741962
Wide-pulse, high-frequency, low-intensity neuromuscular electrical stimulation has potential for targeted strengthening of an intrinsic foot muscle: a feasibility study
James, DC, Solan, MC and Mileva, K. (2018). Wide-pulse, high-frequency, low-intensity neuromuscular electrical stimulation has potential for targeted strengthening of an intrinsic foot muscle: a feasibility study. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0258-1
Selected B vitamins and their possible link to the aetiology of age-related sarcopenia: relevance of UK dietary recommendations.
Aytekin, N, Mileva, K. and Cunliffe, AD (2018). Selected B vitamins and their possible link to the aetiology of age-related sarcopenia: relevance of UK dietary recommendations. Nutrition Research Reviews. 31 (2), pp. 104-224. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954422418000045
Effect of Cold on Proprioception and Cognitive Function in Elite Alpine Skiers
Gaoua, N (2017). Effect of Cold on Proprioception and Cognitive Function in Elite Alpine Skiers. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 12 (1), pp. 69-74. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0002
Muscle metabolic and neuromuscular determinants of fatigue during cycling in different exercise intensity domains.
Black, MI, Blackwell, JR, Bailey, SJ, Wylie, LJ, McDonagh, STJ, Thompson, C, Kelly, J, Sumners, P, Mileva, K., Bowtell, JL and Vanhatalo, A (2017). Muscle metabolic and neuromuscular determinants of fatigue during cycling in different exercise intensity domains. Journal of Applied Physicology (1985). 122 (3), pp. 446-459. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00942.2016
Normobaric hypoxic conditioning to maximise weight-loss and ameliorate cardio-metabolic health in obese populations: A systematic review.
Hobbins, L, Hunter, S, Gaoua, N and Girard, O (2017). Normobaric hypoxic conditioning to maximise weight-loss and ameliorate cardio-metabolic health in obese populations: A systematic review. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology. 313 (3), pp. R251-R264. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00160.2017
Heat acclimation has a protective effect on the central but not peripheral nervous system
Racinais, S, Wilson, MG, Gaoua, N and Periard, JP (2017). Heat acclimation has a protective effect on the central but not peripheral nervous system. Journal of Applied Physiology. 123 (4), pp. 816-824. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00430.2017
Perception, action and cognition of football referees in extreme temperatures: Impact on decision performance
Gaoua, N, de Oliveira, RF and Hunter, S (2017). Perception, action and cognition of football referees in extreme temperatures: Impact on decision performance. Frontiers in Psychology. 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01479
The biomechanical characteristics of wearing FitFlop™ sandals highlight significant alterations in gait pattern: a comparative study.
James, DC, Farmer, LJ, Sayers, JB, Cook, DP and Mileva, K. (2015). The biomechanical characteristics of wearing FitFlop™ sandals highlight significant alterations in gait pattern: a comparative study. Clinical Biomechanics. 30 (4), pp. 347-354. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2015.02.016
47 An acute session of high-frequency, low-intensity, wide-pulse electrical stimulation evokes fatigue adaptations in an intrinsic foot muscle
James, DC, Mileva, K. and Solan, MC (2015). 47 An acute session of high-frequency, low-intensity, wide-pulse electrical stimulation evokes fatigue adaptations in an intrinsic foot muscle. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 49 (Suppl). https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-095573.47
Low-frequency accelerations over-estimate impact-related shock during walking.
James, DC, Mileva, K. and Cook, DP (2014). Low-frequency accelerations over-estimate impact-related shock during walking. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 24 (2), pp. 264-270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2013.12.008
Coaches’ migration: a qualitative analysis of recruitment, motivations and experiences
Borges, M, Rosado, A, de Oliveira, RF and Freitas, F (2014). Coaches’ migration: a qualitative analysis of recruitment, motivations and experiences. Leisure Studies. 34 (5), pp. 588-602. https://doi.org/10.1080/02614367.2014.939988
Effect of Hypohydration on Peripheral and Corticospinal Excitability and Voluntary Activation
Bowtell, JL, Avenell, G, Hunter, SP and Mileva, K. (2013). Effect of Hypohydration on Peripheral and Corticospinal Excitability and Voluntary Activation. PLoS ONE. 8 (10), p. e77004. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077004
Repeated sprint training in normobaric hypoxia
Cooke, K, Galvin, HM, Sumners, DP, Mileva, K. and Bowtell, JL (2013). Repeated sprint training in normobaric hypoxia. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 47, pp. i74-i79. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092826
Wide-pulse electrical stimulation to an intrinsic foot muscle induces acute functional changes in forefoot-rearfoot coupling behaviour during walking.
James, DC, Chesters, T, Sumners, DP, Cook, DP, Green, DA and Mileva, K. (2012). Wide-pulse electrical stimulation to an intrinsic foot muscle induces acute functional changes in forefoot-rearfoot coupling behaviour during walking. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 34 (5), pp. 438-443. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0032-1321893
Handball coaches' perceptions about the value of working competences according to their coaching background
Mesquita, I., Borges, M., Rosado, A. and Souza, A. (2011). Handball coaches' perceptions about the value of working competences according to their coaching background. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 10 (1), pp. 193-202.