Effect of Cold on Proprioception and Cognitive Function in Elite Alpine Skiers

Journal article


Gaoua, N (2017). Effect of Cold on Proprioception and Cognitive Function in Elite Alpine Skiers. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 12 (1), pp. 69-74.
AuthorsGaoua, N
Abstract

Purpose: To determine the effect of cold ambient conditions on proprioception and cognitive function in elite alpine skiers. Methods: 22 high-level alpine skiers and 14 control participants performed a proprioceptive-acuity (active movement-extent discrimination) and a cognitive (planning task) test in cold (8°C) and temperate (24°C) ambient conditions. Results: All participants displayed an increase in thermal discomfort and the amount of negative affects in the cold environment (all P < .05). Average proprioceptive acuity was significantly better in the elite skiers (0.46° ± 0.12°) than in the control group (0.55° ± 0.12°) (P < .05) and was not affected by cold ambient conditions, except for a shift in the pattern of error (over- vs underestimation, P < .05). Cognitive performance was similar between elite skiers and control participants in temperate environments but decreased in the cold in the control group only (P < .05) becoming lower than in elite skiers (P < .05). Conclusion: Elite alpine skiers showed a significantly better proprioceptive acuity than a control population and were able to maintain their performance during a cognitive task in a cold environment.

Keywordstemperature, AMEDA, ski, exercise, environment; 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science; Sport Sciences
Year2017
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Journal citation12 (1), pp. 69-74
PublisherHuman Kinetics Publishers, Inc.
ISSN1555-0265
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1123/ijspp.2016-0002
Publication dates
Print15 Jan 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited18 May 2017
Accepted15 Jan 2017
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/870wy

  • 1
    total views
  • 16
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 5
    downloads this month

Related outputs

Acute Psychophysiological Responses to Cyclic Variation of Intermittent Hypoxic Exposure in Adults with Obesity
Hobbins, L, Girard, O, Gaoua, N and Hunter, S (2019). Acute Psychophysiological Responses to Cyclic Variation of Intermittent Hypoxic Exposure in Adults with Obesity. High Altitude Medicine and Biology.
Psycho-physiological responses to perceptually-regulated interval runs in hypoxia and normoxia
Hobbins, L, Gaoua, N, Hunter, S and Girard, O (2019). Psycho-physiological responses to perceptually-regulated interval runs in hypoxia and normoxia. Physiology and Behavior.
The Association between Obesity and Cognitive Function in Otherwise Healthy Premenopausal Arab Women
Farooq, A, Gibson, A-M, Reilly, J and Gaoua, N (2018). The Association between Obesity and Cognitive Function in Otherwise Healthy Premenopausal Arab Women. Journal of Obesity.
Effect of passive hyperthermia on working memory resources during simple and complex cognitive tasks
Gaoua, N, Herrera, CP, Periard, JD, El massioui, F and Racinais, S (2018). Effect of passive hyperthermia on working memory resources during simple and complex cognitive tasks. Frontiers in Psychology.
Perception, action and cognition of football referees in extreme temperatures: Impact on decision performance
Gaoua, N, de Oliveira, RF and Hunter, S (2017). Perception, action and cognition of football referees in extreme temperatures: Impact on decision performance. Frontiers in Psychology. 8.
Normobaric hypoxic conditioning to maximise weight-loss and ameliorate cardio-metabolic health in obese populations: A systematic review.
Hobbins, L, Hunter, S, Gaoua, N and Girard, O (2017). Normobaric hypoxic conditioning to maximise weight-loss and ameliorate cardio-metabolic health in obese populations: A systematic review. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology.
Heat acclimation has a protective effect on the central but not peripheral nervous system
Racinais, S, Wilson, MG, Gaoua, N and Periard, JP (2017). Heat acclimation has a protective effect on the central but not peripheral nervous system. Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985).