Effect of Cold on Proprioception and Cognitive Function in Elite Alpine Skiers

Journal article


Gaoua, N (2017). Effect of Cold on Proprioception and Cognitive Function in Elite Alpine Skiers. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 12 (1), pp. 69-74. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0002
AuthorsGaoua, N
Abstract

Purpose: To determine the effect of cold ambient conditions on proprioception and cognitive function in elite alpine skiers. Methods: 22 high-level alpine skiers and 14 control participants performed a proprioceptive-acuity (active movement-extent discrimination) and a cognitive (planning task) test in cold (8°C) and temperate (24°C) ambient conditions. Results: All participants displayed an increase in thermal discomfort and the amount of negative affects in the cold environment (all P < .05). Average proprioceptive acuity was significantly better in the elite skiers (0.46° ± 0.12°) than in the control group (0.55° ± 0.12°) (P < .05) and was not affected by cold ambient conditions, except for a shift in the pattern of error (over- vs underestimation, P < .05). Cognitive performance was similar between elite skiers and control participants in temperate environments but decreased in the cold in the control group only (P < .05) becoming lower than in elite skiers (P < .05). Conclusion: Elite alpine skiers showed a significantly better proprioceptive acuity than a control population and were able to maintain their performance during a cognitive task in a cold environment.

Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2017, 12(1), p69-74, http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0002. © Human Kinetics, Inc.

Keywordstemperature, AMEDA, ski, exercise, environment; 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science; Sport Sciences
Year2017
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Journal citation12 (1), pp. 69-74
PublisherHuman Kinetics Publishers, Inc.
ISSN1555-0265
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0002
Publication dates
Print15 Jan 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited18 May 2017
Accepted15 Jan 2017
Accepted author manuscript
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Open
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