Psycho-physiological responses to perceptually-regulated interval runs in hypoxia and normoxia

Journal article


Hobbins, L, Gaoua, N, Hunter, S and Girard, O (2019). Psycho-physiological responses to perceptually-regulated interval runs in hypoxia and normoxia. Physiology and Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.112611
AuthorsHobbins, L, Gaoua, N, Hunter, S and Girard, O
Abstract

We investigated whether perceptually-regulated high-intensity intervals in hypoxia are associated with slower running velocities versus normoxia, when physiological responses and exercise-related sensations remain the same. Nineteen trained runners (33.4 ± 9.1 years) completed a high-intensity interval running protocol (4 × 4-min intervals at a clamped perceived rating exertion of 16 on the 6-20 Borg scale, 3-min passive recoveries) in either hypoxic (HYP; FiO2 15.0%) or normoxic (NOR; FiO2 20.9%) conditions. Participants adjusted to a progressively slower running velocity from interval 1-4 (-7.0%), and more so in HYP vs. NOR for intervals 2, 3 and 4 (-4.6%, -6.4% and - 7.9%, respectively; p < .01). Heart rate increased from interval 1-4 (+4.8%; p < .01), independent of condition. Arterial oxygen saturation was lower in HYP vs. NOR (86.0% vs. 94.8%; p < .01). Oxyhemoglobin (-23.7%) and total hemoglobin (-77.0%) decreased, whilst deoxyhemoglobin increased (+44.9%) from interval 1-4 (p < .01), independent of condition. Perceived recovery (-41.6%) and motivation (-21.8%) were progressively lower from interval 1-4, and more so in HYP vs. NOR for intervals 2, 3 and 4 (recovery: -8.8%, -24.2% and - 29.3%; motivation: -5.3%, -20.3% and - 22.4%, respectively; p < .01). Perceived breathlessness (+18.6%), limb discomfort (+44.0%) and pleasure (-32.2%) changed from interval 1-4, with significant differences (+21.8%, +11.3% and - 31.3%, respectively) between HYP and NOR (p < .01). Slower interval running velocities in hypoxia achieve similar heart rate and muscle oxygenation responses to those observed in normoxia when perceptually-regulated, yet at the expense of less favourable exercise-related sensations.

KeywordsEffort perception; High-intensity intermittent running; Near-infrared spectroscopy; Normobaric hypoxia; Perceptually-regulated exercise; Ratings of perceived exertion
Year2019
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0031-9384
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.112611
Web address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031938419305852?via%3Dihub
Publication dates
Print08 Jul 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited16 Jul 2019
Accepted08 Jul 2019
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Page range112611
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