Solutions of critical raw materials issues regarding iron-based alloys

Journal article


Novak, P., Belezze, T., Cabibbo, M., Gamsjäger, E., Wiessner, M., Rajnovic, D., Jaworska, L., Hanus, P., Shishkin, A., Goel, G. and Goel, S. (2021). Solutions of critical raw materials issues regarding iron-based alloys. Materials. 14 (4), p. 10.3390/ma14040899.
AuthorsNovak, P., Belezze, T., Cabibbo, M., Gamsjäger, E., Wiessner, M., Rajnovic, D., Jaworska, L., Hanus, P., Shishkin, A., Goel, G. and Goel, S.
Abstract

The Critical Raw Materials (CRMs) list has been defined based on economic importance and supply risk by the European Commission. This review paper describes two issues regarding critical raw materials – possibilities of their substitution in iron-based alloys and the use of iron-based alloys instead of other materials in order to save CRMs. This review covers strategies for saving chromium in stainless steel, substitution or lowering the amounts of carbide-forming elements (especially tungsten and vanadium) in tool steel and alternative iron-based CRM-free and low-CRM materials – austempered ductile cast iron, high-temperature alloys based on intermetallics of iron and sintered diamond tools with the iron-containing low-cobalt binder

Keywordscritical raw materials; iron alloy
Year2021
JournalMaterials
Journal citation14 (4), p. 10.3390/ma14040899
PublisherMDPI AG
ISSN1996-1944
Web address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/journal/materials
Publication dates
Print13 Feb 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted09 Feb 2021
Deposited10 Feb 2021
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