Suppressing the Use of Critical Raw Materials in Joining of AISI 304 Stainless Steel Using Activated Tungsten Inert Gas Welding

Journal article


Balos, S., Dramicanin, M., Janjatovic, P., Zabunov, I., Pilic, B., Goel, S. and Szutkowska, M. (2019). Suppressing the Use of Critical Raw Materials in Joining of AISI 304 Stainless Steel Using Activated Tungsten Inert Gas Welding. Metals. 9 (11), p. 1187. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/met9111187
AuthorsBalos, S., Dramicanin, M., Janjatovic, P., Zabunov, I., Pilic, B., Goel, S. and Szutkowska, M.
Abstract

The aim of this study was to study the influence of TiO2 coating for its efficacy during the activated-tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding and to suppress the use of consumables that are rich in critical raw materials. Post-welding penetration depth, particle size distribution, microstructure, and microhardness of welded samples were assessed. Based on these results, it was found that there is no direct correlation between the weld metal surface area and the coating. The particle size in the coating, although, seemed to have played an important role, e.g., nanoparticles resulted in an increased penetration depth and depth/width (D/W) ratio as opposed to the submicron-sized particles. The most optimal welding condition resulted when a mixture of submicron-sized and nanometric-sized particles were used. It was demonstrated by the Zeta analyser results that the micron particles rub the nanoparticles due to mechanical friction resulting in smaller oxide particle formation in the coating. Finally, the presence of Marangoni convection in TIG and reversed Marangoni convection in the activated TIG (A-TIG) process were proven by means of the microstructure analysis and measurement, which were found to be positively correlated

KeywordsA-TIG welding; particle size; metal flow; penetration depth
Year2019
JournalMetals
Journal citation9 (11), p. 1187
PublisherMDPI
ISSN2075-4701
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/met9111187
Web address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4701/9/11/1187
Publication dates
Online04 Nov 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted21 Oct 2019
Deposited23 Dec 2019
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Controlled
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/88v5q

Download files


Publisher's version
metals-09-01187.pdf
License: CC BY 4.0
File access level: Open

  • 30
    total views
  • 13
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 1
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Atomic scale friction studies on single crystal GaAs using AFM and molecular dynamics simulation
Fan, P., Goel, S., Luo, X. and Upadhyaya, H. Atomic scale friction studies on single crystal GaAs using AFM and molecular dynamics simulation. Nanomanufacturing and Metrology.
Influence of Tool Geometry and Process Parameters on the Properties of Friction Stir Spot Welded Multiple (AA 5754 H111) Aluminium Sheets.
Labus Zlatanovic, D., Balos, S., Bergmann, J., Rasche, Stefan, Pecanac, M. and Goel, S. (2021). Influence of Tool Geometry and Process Parameters on the Properties of Friction Stir Spot Welded Multiple (AA 5754 H111) Aluminium Sheets. Materials. 14 (5). https://doi.org/ma14051157
Powder Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing Using Critical Raw Materials: A Review.
Popov, V., Grilli, M., Koptyug, A., Jaworska, L., Katz-Demyanetz, A., Klobčar, D., Balos, S., Postolnyi, B. and Goel, S. (2021). Powder Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing Using Critical Raw Materials: A Review. Materials. 14 (4). https://doi.org/ma14040909
Solutions of Critical Raw Materials Issues Regarding Iron-Based Alloys.
Novák, P., Belezze, T., Cabibbo, M., Gamsjäger, Ernst, Wiessner, Manfred, Rajnovic, D., Jaworska, L., Hanus, P., Shishkin, A., Goel, G. and Goel, Saurav (2021). Solutions of Critical Raw Materials Issues Regarding Iron-Based Alloys. Materials. 14 (4). https://doi.org/ma14040899
An analytical model to predict the depth of sub-surface damage for grinding of brittle materials
Yin, J., Bai, Q., Goel, S., Zhou, P. and Zhang, B. (2021). An analytical model to predict the depth of sub-surface damage for grinding of brittle materials. CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology . 33, pp. 454-464. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirpj.2021.03.019
Emergence of machine learning in the development of high entropy alloy and their prospects in advanced engineering applications
Kumar, N., Goel, G. and Goel, S. (2021). Emergence of machine learning in the development of high entropy alloy and their prospects in advanced engineering applications. Emergent Materials.
Large scale manufacturing route to metamaterial coatings using thermal spray techniques and their response to solar radiation
Faisal, N.H., Sellami, N., Venturi, F., Hussain, T., Mallick, T., Muhammad-Sukki, F., Bishop, A., Upadhyaya, H., Kumar, N. and Goel, S. (2021). Large scale manufacturing route to metamaterial coatings using thermal spray techniques and their response to solar radiation. Emergent Materials.
Nature inspired materials: Emerging trends and prospects
Kumar, N., Goel, G., Hawi, S. and Goel, S. (2021). Nature inspired materials: Emerging trends and prospects . NPG Asia Materials.
Emergence of machine learning in the development of high entropy alloy and their prospects in advanced engineering applications
Kumar, N., Goel, G. and Goel, S. (2021). Emergence of machine learning in the development of high entropy alloy and their prospects in advanced engineering applications. Emergent Materials.
Molecular dynamics simulation of AFM tip-based hot scratching of nanocrystalline GaAs
Fan, P., Goel, S., Luo, X., Yan, Y., Geng, Y., He, Y. and Wang, Y. (2021). Molecular dynamics simulation of AFM tip-based hot scratching of nanocrystalline GaAs. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing. 130, p. 105832. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.2021.105832
Origins of ductile plasticity in a polycrystalline gallium arsenide during scratching: MD simulation study
Fan, P., Goel, S., Luo, X., Yan, Y., Geng, Y. and He, Y. (2021). Origins of ductile plasticity in a polycrystalline gallium arsenide during scratching: MD simulation study. Applied Surface Science. 552, p. 149489. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2021.149489
In-depth microscopic characterisation of the weld faying interface revealing stress-induced metallurgical transformations during friction stir spot welding
Zlatanovi, D. L., Balos, S., Bergmann, J. P., Rasche, S., Zavašnik, J., Panchal, V., Sidjanin, L. and Goel, S. (2021). In-depth microscopic characterisation of the weld faying interface revealing stress-induced metallurgical transformations during friction stir spot welding. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture. 164, p. 103716.
Novel hybrid method to additively manufacture denser graphite structures using Binder Jetting.
Popov, V., Fleisher, A., Muller-Kamskii, G., Shishkin, A., Katz-Demyanetz, A., Travitzky, N. and Goel, S. (2021). Novel hybrid method to additively manufacture denser graphite structures using Binder Jetting. Scientific Reports. 11 (1), p. 2438. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-81861-w
Using circular economy principles to recycle materials in guiding the design of a wet scrubber-reactor for indoor air disinfection from coronavirus and other pathogens.
Shishkin, A., Goel, G., Baronins, J., Ozolins, J., Hoskins, C. and Goel, S. (2021). Using circular economy principles to recycle materials in guiding the design of a wet scrubber-reactor for indoor air disinfection from coronavirus and other pathogens. Environmental technology & innovation. 22, p. 101429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eti.2021.101429
Bactericidal surfaces: An emerging 21st-century ultra-precision manufacturing and materials puzzle
Larrañaga-Altuna, M., Zabala, A., Llavori, I., Pearce, O., Nguyen, D., Caro, J., Mescheder, Holger, Endrino, J., Goel, G., Ayre, W., Seenivasagam, R., Tripathy, D., Armstrong, Joe and Goel, S. (2021). Bactericidal surfaces: An emerging 21st-century ultra-precision manufacturing and materials puzzle. Applied Physics Reviews. 8 (2), p. 021303. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0028844
The importance of wavelength for tight temperature control during μ-laser-assisted machining
Dennis, Ashley, Goel, S., Al-Sayegh, Rajab and O’Neill, William (2020). The importance of wavelength for tight temperature control during μ-laser-assisted machining. Journal of Micromanufacturing. 4 (1), pp. 93-98. https://doi.org/10.1177/2516598420917866
An atomistic investigation on the wear of diamond during atomic force microscope tip-based nanomachining of Gallium Arsenide
Fan, P., Goel, S., Luo, X., Yan, Y., Geng, Y. and Wang, Y. (2020). An atomistic investigation on the wear of diamond during atomic force microscope tip-based nanomachining of Gallium Arsenide. Computational Materials Science. 187, p. 110115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.commatsci.2020.110115
New insights into the methods for predicting ground surface roughness in the age of digitalisation
Yuhang, P., Ping, Z., Ying, Y., Anupam, A., Yonghao, W., Dongming, G. and Goel, S. (2020). New insights into the methods for predicting ground surface roughness in the age of digitalisation. Precision Engineering. 67, pp. 393-418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precisioneng.2020.11.001
Horizons of modern molecular dynamics simulation in digitalised solid freeform fabrication with advanced materials
Goel, S., Knaggs, M., Goel, G., Zhou, X. W., Upadhyaya, H.M., Thakur, V. F., Kumar, V., Bizarri, G., Tiwari, A., Murphy, A., Stukowskii, A. and Matthewsj, A. (2020). Horizons of modern molecular dynamics simulation in digitalised solid freeform fabrication with advanced materials. Materials Today Chemistry. 18, p. 100356. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtchem.2020.100356
Nanomaterials based Biosensing: Methods and principle of detection
Kumar, N., Goel, G. and Goel, S. (2020). Nanomaterials based Biosensing: Methods and principle of detection. in: Joshi SN and Chandra P (ed.) Advanced Micro and Nano Manufacturing Technologies - Applications in Biochemical and Biomedical Engineering Springer Nature.
Surface Defect incorporated Diamond Machining of Silicon
Khatri, N., Barkachary, B.M., Muneeswaran, B/, Al-Sayegh, R., Luo, X. and Goel, S. (2020). Surface Defect incorporated Diamond Machining of Silicon. Int J of Extreme Manufacturing. 2 (4). https://doi.org/10.1088/2631-7990/abab4a
Distribution of shallow NV centers in diamond revealed by photoluminescence spectroscopy and nanomachining
Jadidi, M.F., Ozer, H.O., Goel, S, Kilpatrick, J.I., McEvoy, N., McCloskey, D., Donegan, J.F. and Cross, G.L.W. (2020). Distribution of shallow NV centers in diamond revealed by photoluminescence spectroscopy and nanomachining. Carbon. 167, pp. 114-121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2020.04.086
Elastic recovery of monocrystalline silicon during ultra-fine rotational grinding
Huang, N., Yan, Y., Zhou, P., Kang, R., Guo, D. and Goel, S. (2020). Elastic recovery of monocrystalline silicon during ultra-fine rotational grinding. Precision Engineering. 65, pp. 64-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precisioneng.2020.05.004
Resilient and Agile Engineering Solutions to Address Societal Challenges like Coronavirus Pandemic
Goel, S., Hawi, S., Goel, G., Thakur, V.K., Pearce, O., Hoskins, C., Hussain, T., Agrawal, A., Upadhyaya, H., Cross, G. and Barber, A. (2020). Resilient and Agile Engineering Solutions to Address Societal Challenges like Coronavirus Pandemic. Materials Today Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtchem.2020.100300
The Critical Raw Materials in Cutting Tools for Machining Applications: A Review
Goel, S. (2020). The Critical Raw Materials in Cutting Tools for Machining Applications: A Review. Materials MDPI. 13 (1377). https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13061377
An experimental study on lap joining of multiple sheets of aluminium alloy (AA 5754) using friction stir spot welding
Goel, S., Zlatanovic DL and Balos S (2020). An experimental study on lap joining of multiple sheets of aluminium alloy (AA 5754) using friction stir spot welding. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology. 107, pp. 3093-3107. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-020-05214-z
Towards an improved understanding of plasticity, friction and wear mechanisms in precipitate containing AZ91 Mg alloy
Kumar D, Goel, S., Gosvami N and Jain J (2020). Towards an improved understanding of plasticity, friction and wear mechanisms in precipitate containing AZ91 Mg alloy. Materialia. 10, p. 100640. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtla.2020.100640
Functional evaluation and testing of a newly developed Teleost’s Fish Otolith derived biocomposite coating for healthcare
Goel, S, Montanez, N. D., Carreno, H., Escobar, P., Estupinan, H. A., Pena, D. Y. and Endrino, J. L. (2020). Functional evaluation and testing of a newly developed Teleost’s Fish Otolith derived biocomposite coating for healthcare. Scientific Reports. 10 (1), pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-57128-w
Fused deposition modeling-based additive manufacturing (3D printing): techniques for polymer material systems
Daminabo, S. C., Goel, S, Grammatikos, S. A., Nezhad, H. Y. and Thakur, V. K. (2020). Fused deposition modeling-based additive manufacturing (3D printing): techniques for polymer material systems. Materials Today Chemistry. 16, p. 100248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtchem.2020.100248
On the Use of the Theory of Critical Distances with Mesh Control for Fretting Fatigue Lifetime Assessment
Zabala, A., Infante-Garcia, Giner, E., Goel, S., Endrino, J.L. and Llavori, I. (2020). On the Use of the Theory of Critical Distances with Mesh Control for Fretting Fatigue Lifetime Assessment . Tribology International. 142, p. 105985. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2019.105985
Fabrication of functionalised surfaces on Gum metal (Ti-30Nb) using micromachining
Hawi, S., Dickins, A., Pardal, G.R., Giusca, C., Pearce, O. and Goel, S. (2019). Fabrication of functionalised surfaces on Gum metal (Ti-30Nb) using micromachining . euspen’s 19th International Conference & Exhibition, Bilbao, ES, June 2019. Bilbao 03 - 07 Jun 2019 EUSPEN.
The role of high-pressure coolant in the wear characteristics of WC-Co tools during the cutting of Ti–6Al–4V
Stolf, P., Paiva, J.M., Ahmed, Y.S., Endrina, J.L., Goel, S. and Veldhuis, S.C. (2019). The role of high-pressure coolant in the wear characteristics of WC-Co tools during the cutting of Ti–6Al–4V. Wear. 440-441, p. 203090. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2019.203090
Incipient plasticity in tungsten during nanoindentation: Dependence on surface roughness, probe radius and crystal orientation
Beake B and Goel, S. (2018). Incipient plasticity in tungsten during nanoindentation: Dependence on surface roughness, probe radius and crystal orientation. International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials. 75, pp. 63-69. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrmhm.2018.03.020
Designing nanoindentation simulation studies by appropriate indenter choices: Case study on single crystal tungsten
Goel, S., Cross, G., Stukowski, A., Gamsjager, E., Beake, B. and Agrawal, A. (2018). Designing nanoindentation simulation studies by appropriate indenter choices: Case study on single crystal tungsten. Computational Materials Science. 152, pp. 196-210. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.commatsci.2018.04.044