Extreme Toughness Exhibited in Electrospun Polystyrene Fibers
Zhang, F and Barber, AH (2017). Extreme Toughness Exhibited in Electrospun Polystyrene Fibers. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering. 302 (9), pp. 1700084-1700084.
|Authors||Zhang, F and Barber, AH|
Polystyrene (PS) commonly exhibits brittle behavior and poor mechanical properties due to the presence of structural heterogeneities promoting localized failure. The removal of this localized failure is shown here by processing PS into fibers with a range of diameters using electrospinning. Mechanical properties of individual electrospun fibers were quantified with atomic force microscopy based nanomechanical tensile testing. The resultant stress–strain behavior of PS fibers highlights considerable enhancement of mechanical properties when fiber diameter decreases below 600 nm such that polystyrene toughness increases significantly by over two orders of magnitude compared to the bulk. Consideration of the network properties of polystyrene is used to demonstrate the increase of draw ratio toward a theoretical limit and is potentially applicable to a range of glassy polymeric materials.
|Keywords||03 Chemical Sciences; 09 Engineering; Polymers|
|Journal||Macromolecular Materials and Engineering|
|Journal citation||302 (9), pp. 1700084-1700084|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1002/mame.201700084|
|26 Jun 2017|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||22 Aug 2018|
|Accepted||26 Jun 2017|
|Accepted author manuscript|
CC BY 4.0
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