X-ray Imaging of Transplanar Liquid Transport Mechanisms in Single Layer Textiles

Journal article


Zhang, G, Parwani, R, Stone, CA, Barber, AH and Botto, L (2017). X-ray Imaging of Transplanar Liquid Transport Mechanisms in Single Layer Textiles. Langmuir. 33 (43), pp. 12072-12079.
AuthorsZhang, G, Parwani, R, Stone, CA, Barber, AH and Botto, L
Abstract

Understanding the penetration of liquids within textile fibers is critical for the development of next-generation smart textiles. Despite substantial research on liquid penetration in the plane of the textile, little is known about how the liquid penetrates in the thickness direction. Here we report a time-resolved high-resolution X-ray measurement of the motion of the liquid–air interface within a single layer textile, as the liquid is transported across the textile thickness following the deposition of a droplet. The measurement of the time-dependent position of the liquid meniscus is made possible by the use of ultrahigh viscosity liquids (dynamic viscosity from 105 to 2.5 × 106 times larger than water). This approach enables imaging due to the slow penetration kinetics. Imaging results suggest a three-stage penetration process with each stage being associated with one of the three types of capillary channels existing in the textile geometry, providing insights into the effect of the textile structure on the path of the three-dimensional liquid meniscus. One dimensional kinetics studies show that our data for the transplanar penetration depth ΔxL vs time do not conform to a power law, and that the measured rate of penetration for long times is smaller than that predicted by Lucas–Washburn kinetics, challenging commonly held assumptions regarding the validity of power laws when applied to relatively thin textiles.

KeywordsMD Multidisciplinary; Chemical Physics
Year2017
JournalLangmuir
Journal citation33 (43), pp. 12072-12079
ISSN0743-7463
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b02982
Publication dates
Print31 Oct 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited21 Aug 2018
Accepted17 Oct 2017
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
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