What moderates the attainment gap? The effects of social identity incompatibility and practical incompatibility on the performance of students who are or are not Black, Asian or Minority Ethnic

Journal article


Frings, D., Gleibs, I. H. and Ridley, A. (2019). What moderates the attainment gap? The effects of social identity incompatibility and practical incompatibility on the performance of students who are or are not Black, Asian or Minority Ethnic. Social Psychology of Education. pp. 1-18.
AuthorsFrings, D., Gleibs, I. H. and Ridley, A.
Abstract

A successful journey through higher education is, for many, a once in a lifetime opportunity for social mobility. Unfortunately, one notable feature of higher education systems is that students from some backgrounds do not achieve the same academic attainments as do others. The current study tests the role of one particular set of processes: social identity (in)compatibility on academic performance. Participants were recruited at two time points from a pool of first year undergraduates at a modern London University (N=215) of which 40.1% were classed as Black, Asian or Minority Ethnic (BAME), 57.1% as non-BAME and 2.8% did not provide this information. A prospective design was employed: Alongside demographic data, measures at the start of the academic year consisted of measures of student and ethnic identity, and both practical and identity incompatibility. At the end of the academic year, average marks achieved were gained for each student from the university’s registry system. Results indicate that BAME students had equal levels of student identity to non-BAME students, but higher levels of ethnic identity. They also typically experienced higher levels of both practical and identity incompatibility. Finally, BAME students had lower attainment than did non-BAME students. Both practical and identity incompatibility appeared to moderate this effect. However, contrary to predictions, it was only under conditions of low and medium levels of incompatibility that BAME students attained lower marks than their non-BAME peers. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

Year2019
JournalSocial Psychology of Education
Journal citationpp. 1-18
PublisherSpringer
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11218-019-09531-4
Publication dates
Print06 Nov 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted03 Oct 2019
Deposited04 Oct 2019
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Controlled
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/8827x

Download files

Publisher's version
Frings2019_Article_WhatModeratesTheAttainmentGapT.pdf
License: CC BY 4.0
File access level: Open

  • 43
    total views
  • 26
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Attachment style moderates the relationship between social media use and user mental health and wellbeing
Young, Lindsay, Frings, D. and Kolubinski, D. (2020). Attachment style moderates the relationship between social media use and user mental health and wellbeing.
Attachment style moderates the relationship between social media use and user mental health and wellbeing
Young, L, Kolubinski, D and Frings, D (2020). Attachment style moderates the relationship between social media use and user mental health and wellbeing. Heliyon. 6 (6), p. e04056. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04056
Multidimensional eHealth Literacy for Infertility
Sykes, S., Wills, J., Frings, D., Church, S. and Wood, K. (2020). Multidimensional eHealth Literacy for Infertility. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 17 (3), pp. 966-966. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030966
The “doing” or the “being”? Understanding the roles of involvement and social identity in peer-led addiction support groups
Taylor, I, McNamara, N and Frings, D (2020). The “doing” or the “being”? Understanding the roles of involvement and social identity in peer-led addiction support groups. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 50 (1), pp. 3-9. https://doi.org/https://www.doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12635
Comparison of Allen Carr's Easyway programme with NHS-standard specialist cessation support: a randomised controlled trial
Frings, D., Albery, I., Moss, A., Brunger, H., Burghelea, M., White, S. and Wood, K. (2020). Comparison of Allen Carr's Easyway programme with NHS-standard specialist cessation support: a randomised controlled trial. Addiction. 115 (5), pp. 977-985. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14897
Communicating the Relative Health Risks of E-Cigarettes: An online experimental study exploring the Effects of a Comparative Health Message versus the EU Nicotine Addiction Warnings on Smokers’ and Non-Smokers’ Risk Perceptions and Behavioural Intentions.
Kimber, C., Frings, D., Cox, S., Albery, I. and Dawkins, L. (2020). Communicating the Relative Health Risks of E-Cigarettes: An online experimental study exploring the Effects of a Comparative Health Message versus the EU Nicotine Addiction Warnings on Smokers’ and Non-Smokers’ Risk Perceptions and Behavioural Intentions. Addictive Behaviors. 101, p. 106177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.106177
Tales of hope: Social identity and learning lessons from others in Alcoholics Anonymous: A test of the Social Identity Model of Cessation Maintenance
Frings, D, Wood, K, Lionetti, N and Albery, I (2019). Tales of hope: Social identity and learning lessons from others in Alcoholics Anonymous: A test of the Social Identity Model of Cessation Maintenance. Addictive Behaviors. 93 (2019), pp. 204-211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.02.004
Pre-partying amongst students in the UK: Measuring motivations and consumption levels across different educational contexts
Howard, A, Albery, IP, Frings, D, Spada, MM and Moss, A (2019). Pre-partying amongst students in the UK: Measuring motivations and consumption levels across different educational contexts. Substance Use and Misuse. 54 (9), pp. 1519-1529. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2019.1590414
A survey of the effect of viewing an on-line e-cigarette advertisement on attitudes towards cigarette and e-cigarette use in adults located in the UK and USA: a cross-sectional study.
Booth, P, Albery, I, Frings, D and Cox, S (2019). A survey of the effect of viewing an on-line e-cigarette advertisement on attitudes towards cigarette and e-cigarette use in adults located in the UK and USA: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027525
Online and face-to-face extended brief interventions for harmful alcohol use: client characteristics, attendance and treatment outcomes
Frings, Daniel, Hogan, Cassandra J., Jn-Pierre, Kerlin H., Wood, Kerry V., Holmes, Mark and Albery, Ian P. (2018). Online and face-to-face extended brief interventions for harmful alcohol use: client characteristics, attendance and treatment outcomes. Counselling Psychology Quarterly. 33 (3), pp. 415-426. https://doi.org/10.1080/09515070.2018.1555516
Who stays in addiction treatment groups? Anxiety and avoidant attachment styles predict treatment retention and relapse.
Marshall, SW, Albery, IP and Frings, D (2018). Who stays in addiction treatment groups? Anxiety and avoidant attachment styles predict treatment retention and relapse. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. 25 (4), pp. 525-531. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2187
STI-protective Self-efficacy and Binge Drinking in a Sample of University Students in the United Kingdom
Johnson, HL, Albery, IP, Frings, D and Moss, AC (2018). STI-protective Self-efficacy and Binge Drinking in a Sample of University Students in the United Kingdom. Sexual and Reproductive HealthCare. 17, pp. 19-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.srhc.2018.05.004
Parents' drinking motives and problem drinking predict their children's drinking motives, alcohol use and substance misuse
Marino, C, Moss, AC, Vieno, A, Albery, IP, Frings, D and Spada, MM (2018). Parents' drinking motives and problem drinking predict their children's drinking motives, alcohol use and substance misuse. Addictive Behaviors. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.03.028
Impact of lower strength alcohol labelling on consumption: A randomised controlled trial
Vasiljevic, M, Couturier, D-L, Frings, D, Moss, AC, Albery, IP and Marteau, TM (2018). Impact of lower strength alcohol labelling on consumption: A randomised controlled trial. Health Psychology. 37 (7), pp. 658-667. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000622
A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of CBT Interventions Based on the Fennell Model of Low Self-Esteem
Kolubinski, DC, Frings, D, Nikčević, AV, Lawrence, JA and Spada, MM (2018). A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of CBT Interventions Based on the Fennell Model of Low Self-Esteem. Psychiatry Research. 267, pp. 296-305. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.06.025
The effects of food craving and desire thinking on states of motivational challenge and threat and their physiological indices.
Frings, DJ, Eskisan, G, Caselli, G, Albery, IP, Moss, AC and Spada, MM (2018). The effects of food craving and desire thinking on states of motivational challenge and threat and their physiological indices. Eating and Weight Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-018-0525-y
They did it again! Social control responses to repeated incidences of deviance in small groups
Frings, D and Isabel, PR (2018). They did it again! Social control responses to repeated incidences of deviance in small groups. Revista de Psicología Social. 33 (3). https://doi.org/10.1080/02134748.2018.1482055
The effects of religion and stereotype content on verdicts and sentence severity when defending terror charges
Frings, D, Rice, K and Albery, IP (2018). The effects of religion and stereotype content on verdicts and sentence severity when defending terror charges. Applied Psychology in Criminal Justice. 14 (1), p. 18.
Messages matter: The Tobacco Products Directive nicotine addiction health warning versus an alternative relative risk message on smokers' willingness to use and purchase an electronic cigarette
Cox, S, Frings, D., Ahmed, R and Dawkins, L. (2018). Messages matter: The Tobacco Products Directive nicotine addiction health warning versus an alternative relative risk message on smokers' willingness to use and purchase an electronic cigarette. Addictive Behaviors Reports. 8, pp. 136-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2018.09.006
Nurses as role models in health promotion: piloting the acceptability of a social marketing campaign.
Wills, J, Kelly, M and Frings, D (2018). Nurses as role models in health promotion: piloting the acceptability of a social marketing campaign. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 75 (2), pp. 423-431. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13874
The effects of the European E-cigarette health warning and comparative health messages on non-smokers' and smokers' risk perceptions and behavioural intentions: study protocol
Kimber, C, Frings, D, Cox, S, Albery, I and Dawkins, L (2018). The effects of the European E-cigarette health warning and comparative health messages on non-smokers' and smokers' risk perceptions and behavioural intentions: study protocol. BMC Public Health. 18 (1259). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6161-7
Helping you helps me: Giving and receiving social support in recovery groups for problem gamblers
Hutchison, P, Cox, S and Frings, DJ (2018). Helping you helps me: Giving and receiving social support in recovery groups for problem gamblers. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice. 22 (4), pp. 187-199. https://doi.org/10.1037/gdn0000090
The whys and the hows of psychosocial approaches to addiction
Frings, D, Albery, IP and Monk, RL (2017). The whys and the hows of psychosocial approaches to addiction. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 47 (3), pp. 115-117. https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12440
The Effect of E-Cigarette Advertisements and Anti-Smoking Messages on Explicit and Implicit Attitudes towards Tobacco and E-Cigarette Smoking in 18-65 Year Olds: A Randomised Controlled Study Protocol
Booth, P, Albery, IP and Frings, D (2017). The Effect of E-Cigarette Advertisements and Anti-Smoking Messages on Explicit and Implicit Attitudes towards Tobacco and E-Cigarette Smoking in 18-65 Year Olds: A Randomised Controlled Study Protocol. BMJ Open. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014361
The iNEAR programme: an existential positive psychology intervention for resilience and emotional wellbeing
Tunariu, A, Tribe, R, Frings, D and Albery, IP (2017). The iNEAR programme: an existential positive psychology intervention for resilience and emotional wellbeing. International Review of Psychiatry. 29 (4), pp. 362-372. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2017.1343531
Environmental context influences visual attention to responsible drinking messages
Frings, D, Moss, AC, Albery, IP, Eskisan, G, Wilcockson, TDW and Marchant, A (2017). Environmental context influences visual attention to responsible drinking messages. Alcohol and Alcoholism. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agx076
Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial of Allen Carr’s Easyway programme versus Lambeth and Southwark NHS service for smoking cessation.
Wood, KV, Albery, IP, Moss, AC, White, S and Frings, D (2017). Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial of Allen Carr’s Easyway programme versus Lambeth and Southwark NHS service for smoking cessation. BMJ Open. 7 (12), p. e016867. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016867
Implicit and explicit drinker identities interactively predict in-the-moment alcohol placebo consumption
Frings, D, Melichar, L and Albery, IP (2016). Implicit and explicit drinker identities interactively predict in-the-moment alcohol placebo consumption. Addictive Behaviors Reports. 3, pp. 86-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2016.04.002
A test of the Social Identity Model of Cessation Maintenance: The content and role of social control
Frings, D, Collins, M, Long, G, Pinto, IR and Albery, IP (2016). A test of the Social Identity Model of Cessation Maintenance: The content and role of social control. Addictive Behaviors Reports. 3, pp. 77-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2016.02.003
Modeling the contribution of personality, social identity and social norms to problematic Facebook use in adolescents.
Marino, C, Vieno, A, Pastore, M, Albery, IP, Frings, D and Spada, MM (2016). Modeling the contribution of personality, social identity and social norms to problematic Facebook use in adolescents. Addictive Behaviors. 63 (Dec), pp. 51 - 56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.07.001
Examining the relationship between selective attentional bias for food- and body-related stimuli and purging behaviour in bulimia nervosa
Albery, IP, Wilcockson, TDW, Frings, D, Moss, AC, Caselli, G and Spada, MM (2016). Examining the relationship between selective attentional bias for food- and body-related stimuli and purging behaviour in bulimia nervosa. Appetite. 107 (Dec), pp. 208 - 212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.08.006
Exploring the Relationship between Sexual Compulsivity and Attentional Bias to Sex-Related Words in a Cohort of Sexually Active Individuals.
Albery, IP, Lowry, J, Frings, D, Johnson, HL, Hogan, C and Moss, AC (2016). Exploring the Relationship between Sexual Compulsivity and Attentional Bias to Sex-Related Words in a Cohort of Sexually Active Individuals. European Addiction Research. 23 (1), pp. 1 - 6. https://doi.org/10.1159/000448732
Impact of alcohol promoting and alcohol warning advertisements on alcohol consumption, affect, and implicit cognition in heavy drinking young adults: a laboratory-based randomized controlled trial
Stautz, K, Albery, IP, Frings, D, Moss, AC and Marteau, T (2016). Impact of alcohol promoting and alcohol warning advertisements on alcohol consumption, affect, and implicit cognition in heavy drinking young adults: a laboratory-based randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Health Psychology. 22 (1), pp. 128-150. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12221
Dyads experience over confidence in hand-eye coordination skills after placebo alcohol
Frings, D, Albery, IP, Rolph, K, Leczfalvy, A, Smaczny, S and Moss, AC (2016). Dyads experience over confidence in hand-eye coordination skills after placebo alcohol. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 3 (47), pp. 148-157. https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12418
Crime Victims’ Demographics Inconsistently Relate to Self-Reported Vulnerability
Aihio, N, Frings, D, Wilcock, R and Burrell, P (2016). Crime Victims’ Demographics Inconsistently Relate to Self-Reported Vulnerability. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. 24 (3), pp. 379-391. https://doi.org/10.1080/13218719.2016.1247418
The effects of responsible drinking messages on attentional allocation and drinking behaviour.
Moss, AC, Albery, IP, Dyer, KR, Frings, D, Humphreys, K, Inkelaar, T, Harding, E and Speller, A (2015). The effects of responsible drinking messages on attentional allocation and drinking behaviour. Addictive Behaviors. 44, pp. 94 - 101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.11.035
The role of group membership continuity and multiple memberships on mental well-being amongst post-operative stoma patients
Bule, B and Frings, D (2015). The role of group membership continuity and multiple memberships on mental well-being amongst post-operative stoma patients. Psychooncology. 25 (6), pp. 726 - 728. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.4006