Gender and health literacy: men’s health beliefs and behavior in Trinidad

Journal article


Wills, J., Sykes, S., Hardy, S., Joshua, K., Moorley, C. and Ocho, O (2019). Gender and health literacy: men’s health beliefs and behavior in Trinidad. Health Promotion International.
AuthorsWills, J., Sykes, S., Hardy, S., Joshua, K., Moorley, C. and Ocho, O
Abstract

Background: Gender variations in health literacy have implications for engagement in preventive behaviours and the uptake of health services, especially in areas such as the Caribbean where there are marked disparities in life expectancy and health service utilisation.
Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was used to examine men’s concepts of health, their help-seeking behaviours and their functional and interactive health literacy. 248 men across the life course participated at three sites in Trinidad. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, with free-text responses analysed thematically.
Results: Men were concerned about, and accepted responsibility for their own health but social norms concerning sickness and masculinity were barriers to accessing health services. Almost one-third (31.5%) sought advice from a health care service when they were last sick because they were prompted to do so by their wife/partner or family. Levels of functional and interactive health literacy were not high among older men, who were reliant on health care professionals to communicate health messages. There was an age divide in e-health literacy.
Conclusion: There is little published evidence on men’s health literacy, particularly from Caribbean countries such as Trinidad and Tobago. This study highlights the importance of the design and implementation of specific policies focusing on men’s health. A major challenge is to engage with men who do not access health services.

Year2019
JournalHealth Promotion International
PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)
ISSN0957-4824
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1093/heapro/daz076
Publication process dates
Accepted24 Jul 2019
Deposited05 Aug 2019
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/87w87

Accepted author manuscript

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