Should nurses be role models for healthy lifestyles? Results from a modified Delphi study.

Journal article


Kelly, M, Wills, JD, Jester, R and Speller, V (2017). Should nurses be role models for healthy lifestyles? Results from a modified Delphi study. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 73 (3), pp. 665-678. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13173
AuthorsKelly, M, Wills, JD, Jester, R and Speller, V
Abstract

AIM: To explore the expectation that nurses should be role models for healthy behaviours. BACKGROUND: Nurses are expected to be role models for healthy behaviours. Whether this is a realistic and acceptable expectation has not been explored. DESIGN: Modified Policy Delphi study with two rounds of data collection. METHOD: Purposive sampling was used to explore areas of agreement and disagreement amongst six stakeholder groups who influence nursing roles: practising nurses, Nursing students, service users, policy makers, workforce development leads and stakeholders working in nurse education. Two rounds of a modified Policy Delphi study were conducted between February - June 2015. The first round used telephone interviews for an open exploration of opinions. The second round used attitude statements to explore convergence and divergence of opinions across stakeholder groups. Responses were analysed thematically. RESULTS: Policy and professional discourse that asserts that nurses should be healthy role models was seen as unrealistic and unhelpful. Contrary to the view that nurses should epitomise and demonstrate healthy behaviours to encourage patients and to be credible in advice, stakeholders agreed that it was more important to be seen as 'human' and understand the challenges of health behaviour change. Student and practising nurses did not see role modelling healthy behaviours as a reasonable professional expectation. CONCLUSIONS: The findings challenge the assumptions underpinning the argument that nurses be healthy role models. Further research is needed to understand the views of frontline nurses and to further explore avenues by which health services staff health can be improved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Year2017
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Journal citation73 (3), pp. 665-678
PublisherWiley
ISSN0309-2402
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13173
Publication dates
Print29 Sep 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited20 Mar 2017
Accepted29 Sep 2016
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
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