Vascular perfusion chilling of red meat carcasses - A feasibility study.
Brown, T, Ian Richardson, R, Wilkin, C-A and Evans, JA (2009). Vascular perfusion chilling of red meat carcasses - A feasibility study. Meat Science. 83 (4), pp. 666-671. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2009.07.017
|Authors||Brown, T, Ian Richardson, R, Wilkin, C-A and Evans, JA|
Meat carcasses must be chilled to below 7°C before leaving the slaughterhouse. Typically this is done by passing cold air over the surfaces of eviscerated and de-hided carcasses. This surface cooling can take many hours to reduce centre temperatures to below 7°C. In vascular perfusion chilling (VPC), a cold fluid is circulated through the intact vascular system, offering significant reductions in cooling time. This paper describes a small feasibility study to evaluate vascular perfusion techniques for rapid chilling of lamb carcasses using a proprietary Flo-ice(™) system. This produces pumpable ice slurries containing very fine ice particles, suitable for circulating through vascular systems. VPC was found to be capable of rapid initial reduction of carcass temperatures in comparison with air chilling (mean times to 20°C in deep legs were reduced from 2.6 to 1.3h, which was significantly different at P<0.05). In all cases however, uptake of perfusate into the carcasses occurred. This limited the duration of the perfusion treatment and as a result restricted the period of enhanced cooling. Samples from carcasses treated with VPC were lighter (P<0.05, with mean measured L value increasing from 43.4 to 46.8) and more yellow (P<0.05, with mean measured b value increasing from 6.7 to 7.9) than samples from conventionally chilled carcasses, and had lower shear force values when cooked (P<0.05, with mean force reducing from 10.0 to 6.8kg). This was most probably due to the added water in the meat. Microbial quality of the meat was not significantly affected by the perfusion treatments.
|Keywords||0702 Animal Production; 0904 Chemical Engineering; 0908 Food Sciences; Dairy & Animal Science|
|Journal citation||83 (4), pp. 666-671|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2009.07.017|
|30 Jul 2009|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||15 May 2017|
|Accepted||24 Jul 2009|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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