A quality, energy and environmental assessment tool for the European cold chain
Gwanpua, SG, Verboven, P, Verlinden, BE, Van der Sluis, S, Wissink, E, Evans, JA, Brown, T, Leducq, D, Alvarez, G, Taoukis, P, Stahl, V, Thault, D, Claussen, I, Indergård, E, Nicolai, BM and Geeraerd, A (2013). A quality, energy and environmental assessment tool for the European cold chain. 2nd IIR Conference on Sustainability and the Cold Chain, Paris, 2013. Paris 02 - 04 Apr 2013 International Institute of Refrigeration.
|Authors||Gwanpua, SG, Verboven, P, Verlinden, BE, Van der Sluis, S, Wissink, E, Evans, JA, Brown, T, Leducq, D, Alvarez, G, Taoukis, P, Stahl, V, Thault, D, Claussen, I, Indergård, E, Nicolai, BM and Geeraerd, A|
According to 5th Informatory Note on Refrigeration and Food published by the International Institute of Refrigeration, 20% of the global losses in perishable products was due to lack of refrigeration. It is expected that increased use of refrigeration to reduce these losses will help meet the increasing food demands of the growing world population. However, the use of refrigeration already accounts for about 15% of world’s electricity usage. In addition, the use of refrigeration significantly contributes to global warming via emission of CO2. In this paper, a software tool was developed to assess food quality and safety evolution, energy usage and CO2 emission of different refrigeration technologies along the European cold chain. A reference product was chosen for the main different food categories in the European cold chain. Software code to predict the products temperature using the room temperature as input, based on validated heat and mass transfer models, were written in Matlab (The Mathworks Inc., Natick, USA). Also, based on validated kinetic models for the different quality indicators of the reference products, a software code was written to calculate the quality and safety evolutions of the food product, using the predicted product temperature as input. Finally, software code to calculate the energy usage and Total Equivalent Warming Impact (TEWI) value of different refrigeration technologies was also written in Matlab. All three software codes were integrated, and a graphical user interface was developed. Using the graphical user interface, a user can tailor a cold chain scenario by adding different cold chain blocks. Each cold chain block has properties that can be modified. The tool can be used to compare different cold chains with respect to quality, safety, energy usage, and environmental impact.
|Publisher||International Institute of Refrigeration|
|Accepted author manuscript|
S1-P1-Mrs. Geeraerd - A QUALITY, ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TOOL FOR THE EUROPEAN COLD CHAIN.pdf
File Access Level
|02 Apr 2013|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||12 Jun 2017|
|Accepted||02 Apr 2013|
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