Locomotor stability and adaptation during perturbed walking across the adult female lifespan.

Journal article


McCrum, C, Epro, G, Meijer, K, Zijlstra, W, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2016). Locomotor stability and adaptation during perturbed walking across the adult female lifespan. Journal of Biomechanics. 49 (7), pp. 1244-1247.
AuthorsMcCrum, C, Epro, G, Meijer, K, Zijlstra, W, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K
Abstract

The aim of this work was to examine locomotor stability and adaptation across the adult female lifespan during perturbed walking on the treadmill. 11 young, 11 middle and 14 older-aged female adults (mean and SD: 25.5(2.1), 50.6(6.4) and 69.0(4.7) years old respectively) walked on a treadmill. We applied a sustained perturbation to the swing phase of the right leg for 18 consecutive gait cycles, followed by a step with the resistance unexpectedly removed, via an ankle strap connected to a break-and-release system. The margin of stability (MoS) at foot touchdown was calculated as the difference between the anterior boundary of the base of support (BoS) and extrapolated center of mass. Older participants showed lower MoS adaptation magnitude in the early adaptation phase (steps 1-3) compared to the young and middle-aged groups. However, in the late adaptation phase (steps 16-18) there were no significant differences in adaptation magnitude between the three age groups. After removing the resistance, all three age groups showed similar aftereffects (i.e. increased BoS). The current results suggest that in old age, the ability to recalibrate locomotion to control stability is preserved, but the rate of adaptive improvement in locomotor stability is diminished.

KeywordsFoot; Leg; Humans; Exercise Test; Gait; Walking; Adaptation, Physiological; Aging; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Female; Postural Balance; Young Adult; Biomechanical Phenomena; Aftereffects; Age; Dynamic gait stability; Elderly; Falls; Motor learning; Adaptation, Physiological; Adult; Aged; Aging; Biomechanical Phenomena; Exercise Test; Female; Foot; Gait; Humans; Leg; Middle Aged; Postural Balance; Walking; Young Adult; 0903 Biomedical Engineering; 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science; 0913 Mechanical Engineering; Biomedical Engineering
Year2016
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Journal citation49 (7), pp. 1244-1247
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1873-2380
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2016.02.051
Publication dates
Print24 Mar 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited04 Jul 2017
Accepted26 Feb 2016
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-NC-ND
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/874q8

  • 3
    total views
  • 48
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 6
    downloads this month

Related outputs

Evidence of a Uniform Muscle-Tendon Unit Adaptation in Healthy Elite Track and Field Jumpers: A Cross Sectional Investigation.
Epro, G, Hunter, S, König, M, Schade, F and Karamanidis, K (2019). Evidence of a Uniform Muscle-Tendon Unit Adaptation in Healthy Elite Track and Field Jumpers: A Cross Sectional Investigation. Frontiers in physiology. 10, p. 574.
Stability-normalised walking speed: A new approach for human gait perturbation research
McCrum, C, Willems, P, Karamanidis, K and Meijer, K (2019). Stability-normalised walking speed: A new approach for human gait perturbation research. Journal of Biomechanics.
Retention, savings and interlimb transfer of reactive gait adaptations in humans following unexpected perturbations
McCrum, C, Karamanidis, K, Willems, P, Zijlstra, W and Meijer, K (2018). Retention, savings and interlimb transfer of reactive gait adaptations in humans following unexpected perturbations. Communications biology. 1 (1), p. 230.
Retention of improvement in gait stability over 14 weeks due to trip-perturbation training is dependent on perturbation dose
König, M, Epro, G, Seeley, J, Catalá-Lehnen, P, Potthast, W and Karamanidis, K (2018). Retention of improvement in gait stability over 14 weeks due to trip-perturbation training is dependent on perturbation dose. Journal of Biomechanics. 84, pp. 243-246.
Matching Participants for Triceps Surae Muscle Strength and Tendon Stiffness Does Not Eliminate Age-Related Differences in Mechanical Power Output During Jumping
Koenig, M, Hemmers, S, Epro, G, McCrum, C, Ackermans, TMA, Hartmann, U and Karamanidis, K (2018). Matching Participants for Triceps Surae Muscle Strength and Tendon Stiffness Does Not Eliminate Age-Related Differences in Mechanical Power Output During Jumping. Frontiers in physiology. 9, p. 1345.
Positive Work Contribution Shifts from Distal to Proximal Joints during a Prolonged Run
Sanno, M, Willwacher, S, Epro, G and Brüggemann, G-P (2018). Positive Work Contribution Shifts from Distal to Proximal Joints during a Prolonged Run. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.
The role of muscle strength on tendon adaptability in old age
Holzer, D, Epro, G, McCrum, C, Doerner, J, Luetkens, JA, Scheef, L, Kukuk, GM, Boecker, H, Mierau, A, Brüggemann, G-P, Maganaris, CN and Karamanidis, K (2018). The role of muscle strength on tendon adaptability in old age. European Journal of Applied Physiology.
Effects of Corrective Training on Drop Landing Ground Reaction Force Characteristics and Lower Limb Kinematics in Older Adults With Genu Valgus: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Jafarnezhadgero, A, Madadi-Shad, M, McCrum, C and Karamanidis, K (2018). Effects of Corrective Training on Drop Landing Ground Reaction Force Characteristics and Lower Limb Kinematics in Older Adults With Genu Valgus: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity.
Retention of gait stability improvements over 1.5 years in older adults: effects of perturbation exposure and triceps surae neuromuscular exercise.
Epro, G, Mierau, A, McCrum, C, Leyendecker, M, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2018). Retention of gait stability improvements over 1.5 years in older adults: effects of perturbation exposure and triceps surae neuromuscular exercise. Journal of Neurophysiology.
Alterations in Leg Extensor Muscle-Tendon Unit Biomechanical Properties With Ageing and Mechanical Loading.
McCrum, C, Leow, P, Epro, G, König, M, Meijer, K and Karamanidis, K (2018). Alterations in Leg Extensor Muscle-Tendon Unit Biomechanical Properties With Ageing and Mechanical Loading. Frontiers in physiology. 9, p. 150.
Effects of triceps surae muscle strength and tendon stiffness on the reactive dynamic stability and adaptability of older female adults during perturbed walking.
Epro, G, McCrum, C, Mierau, A, Leyendecker, M, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2018). Effects of triceps surae muscle strength and tendon stiffness on the reactive dynamic stability and adaptability of older female adults during perturbed walking. Journal of Applied Physiology.
Loading rate and contraction type effects on the human Achilles tendon force-elongation relationship
McCrum, C, Oberländer, KD, Epro, G, Krauss, P, Reeves, N and Karamanidis, K (2017). Loading rate and contraction type effects on the human Achilles tendon force-elongation relationship. 22nd Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Essen, Germany 05 - 08 Jul 2017 London South Bank University.
Loading rate and contraction duration effects on in vivo human Achilles tendon mechanical properties.
McCrum, C, Oberländer, KD, Epro, G, Krauss, P, James, DC, Reeves, N and Karamanidis, K (2017). Loading rate and contraction duration effects on in vivo human Achilles tendon mechanical properties. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging.
Effect of exercise-induced enhancement of the leg-extensor muscle-tendon unit capacities on ambulatory mechanics and knee osteoarthritis markers in the elderly.
Karamanidis, K, Oberländer, KD, Niehoff, A, Epro, G and Brüggemann, G-P (2014). Effect of exercise-induced enhancement of the leg-extensor muscle-tendon unit capacities on ambulatory mechanics and knee osteoarthritis markers in the elderly. PLoS ONE. 9 (6).
Muscle-tendon adaptation monitoring in elite athletes: Preliminary results from a longitudinal investigation
Epro, G, Koenig, M, McCrum, C, Baedorf, M, Schade, F and Karamanidis, K (2017). Muscle-tendon adaptation monitoring in elite athletes: Preliminary results from a longitudinal investigation. 35th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sport. Cologne, Germany 14 - 18 Jun 2017 London South Bank University.
Achilles tendon mechanosensitivity is preserved in old age: In vivo evidence from a 1.5 years long resistance training intervention
Epro, G, Mierau, A, Doerner, J, Luetkens, J, Scheef, L, Kukuk, G, Boecker, H, Maganaris, C, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2017). Achilles tendon mechanosensitivity is preserved in old age: In vivo evidence from a 1.5 years long resistance training intervention. 22nd annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Essen, Germany 05 - 08 Jul 2017 London South Bank University.
Matching participants for triceps surae mechanical properties eliminates age-related differences in drop jump performance
Koenig, M, Hemmers, S, McCrum, C, Epro, G, Ackermans, TMA, Hartmann, U and Karamanidis, K (2016). Matching participants for triceps surae mechanical properties eliminates age-related differences in drop jump performance. 11th Joint Conference on Motor Control & Learning, Biomechanics & Training of the German Society of Sports Sciences. Darmstadt, Germany 28 - 30 Sep 2016 London South Bank University.
Deficient recovery response and adaptive feedback potential in dynamic gait stability in unilateral peripheral vestibular disorder patients.
McCrum, C, Eysel-Gosepath, K, Epro, G, Meijer, K, Savelberg, HHCM, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2014). Deficient recovery response and adaptive feedback potential in dynamic gait stability in unilateral peripheral vestibular disorder patients. Physiological Reports. 2 (12), pp. 1-10.
Visual and proprioceptive contributions to postural control of upright stance in unilateral vestibulopathy.
Eysel-Gosepath, K, McCrum, C, Epro, G, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2016). Visual and proprioceptive contributions to postural control of upright stance in unilateral vestibulopathy. Somatosensory and Motor Research. 33 (2), pp. 72-78.
Aging and the effects of a half marathon on Achilles tendon force-elongation relationship.
Ackermans, TMA, Epro, G, McCrum, C, Oberländer, KD, Suhr, F, Drost, MR, Meijer, K and Karamanidis, K (2016). Aging and the effects of a half marathon on Achilles tendon force-elongation relationship. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 116 (11-12), pp. 2281-2292.
Use of a Lucas-Kanade-Based Template Tracking Algorithm to Examine In Vivo Tendon Excursion during Voluntary Contraction Using Ultrasonography.
Karamanidis, K, Travlou, A, Krauss, P and Jaekel, U (2016). Use of a Lucas-Kanade-Based Template Tracking Algorithm to Examine In Vivo Tendon Excursion during Voluntary Contraction Using Ultrasonography. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology. 42 (7), pp. 1689-1700.
Effect of long-term exercise-induced changes of the triceps surae muscle-tendon unit properties on maximal walking velocity in the elderly
Epro, G, Mierau, A, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2017). Effect of long-term exercise-induced changes of the triceps surae muscle-tendon unit properties on maximal walking velocity in the elderly. 10. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Biomechanik (DGfB). Hannover, Germany 29 - 31 Mar 2017 London South Bank University.
Muscle and tendon adaptation in young and older adult athletes: A combined longitudinal and cross sectional investigation
Koenig, M, Epro, G, McCrum, C, Ackermans, TMA, Schade, F and Karamanidis, K (2017). Muscle and tendon adaptation in young and older adult athletes: A combined longitudinal and cross sectional investigation. 10. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Biomechanik. Hannover 29 - 31 Mar 2017 London South Bank University.
Simplified triceps surae muscle volume assessment in the elderly
Epro, G, Koenig, M, Mersmann, F, Arampatzis, A and Karamanidis, K (2017). Simplified triceps surae muscle volume assessment in the elderly. 10. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Biomechanik (DGfB). Hannover, Germany 29 - 31 Mar 2017 London South Bank University.
The Achilles tendon is mechanosensitive in older adults: adaptations following 14 weeks versus 1.5 years of cyclic strain exercise.
Epro, G, Mierau, A, Doerner, J, Luetkens, J, Scheef, L, Kukuk, G, Boecker, H, Maganaris, C, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2017). The Achilles tendon is mechanosensitive in older adults: adaptations following 14 weeks versus 1.5 years of cyclic strain exercise. Journal of Experimental Biology. 220 (Pt 6), pp. 1008-1018.
A systematic review of gait perturbation paradigms for improving reactive stepping responses and falls risk among healthy older adults.
McCrum, C, Gerards, MHG, Karamanidis, K, Zijlstra, W and Meijer, K (2017). A systematic review of gait perturbation paradigms for improving reactive stepping responses and falls risk among healthy older adults. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity. 14, p. 3.
Age-related differences in drop-jump performance are eliminated by matching triceps surae muscle strength and Achilles tendon stiffness.
Koenig, M, Hemmers, S, McCrum, C, Epro, G, Ackermans, TMA, Hartmann, U and Karamanidis, K (2017). Age-related differences in drop-jump performance are eliminated by matching triceps surae muscle strength and Achilles tendon stiffness. 2017 BASES Biomechanics Interest Group (BIG) Meeting, Portsmouth. Portsmouth 19 - 19 Apr 2017 London South Bank University.
The effect of habitual athletics training on muscle and tendon adaptation in young and older elite athletes.
Koenig, M, Epro, G, McCrum, C, Bädorf, M, Schade, F and Karamanidis, K (2017). The effect of habitual athletics training on muscle and tendon adaptation in young and older elite athletes. 2017 BASES Biomechanics Interest Group (BIG) Meeting, Portsmouth. Portsmouth 19 - 19 Apr 2017 London South Bank University.
Age-related differences in drop jump performance are eliminated when triceps surae mechanical properties are matched
Koenig, M, Hemmers, S, McCrum, C, Epro, G, Ackermans, TMA, Hartmann, U and Karamanidis, K (2016). Age-related differences in drop jump performance are eliminated when triceps surae mechanical properties are matched. Dutch Society for Movement Sciences (VvBN) PhD Day 2016. Maastricht 09 - 09 Nov 2016 London South Bank University.
Associations Between Bipedal Stance Stability and Locomotor Stability Following a Trip in Unilateral Vestibulopathy
McCrum, C, Eysel-Gosepath, K, Epro, G, Meijer, K, Savelberg, HHCM, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2017). Associations Between Bipedal Stance Stability and Locomotor Stability Following a Trip in Unilateral Vestibulopathy. Journal of applied biomechanics. 33 (2), pp. 112-117.
EFFECT OF TRICEPS SURAE MUSCLE-TENDON UNIT MECHANICAL PROPERTIES ON GAIT STABILITY AND ADAPTABILITY IN OLDER FEMALE ADULTS
Epro, G, McCrum, C, Mierau, A, Leyendecker, M, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2017). EFFECT OF TRICEPS SURAE MUSCLE-TENDON UNIT MECHANICAL PROPERTIES ON GAIT STABILITY AND ADAPTABILITY IN OLDER FEMALE ADULTS. BASES Biomechanics Interest Group (BIG) Meeting 2017. Portsmouth, UK 19 - 19 Apr 2017 London South Bank University.
Achilles tendon is mechanosensitive in old adults: a 1.5 year resistance training intervention
Epro, G, Mierau, A, Doerner, J, Luetkens, J, Scheef, L, Kukuk, G, Boecker, H, Maganaris, C and Karamanidis, K (2017). Achilles tendon is mechanosensitive in old adults: a 1.5 year resistance training intervention. BASES Biomechanics Interest Group (BIG) Meeting 2017. Portsmouth, UK 19 - 19 May 2017 London South Bank University.
Matching triceps surae muscle strength and tendon stiffness eliminates age-related differences in drop-jump performance
Koenig, M, Hemmers, S, McCrum, C, Epro, G, Ackermans, TMA, Hartmann, U and Karamanidis, K (2017). Matching triceps surae muscle strength and tendon stiffness eliminates age-related differences in drop-jump performance. 35th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports. Cologne 14 - 18 Jun 2017 London South Bank University.
Monitoring muscle-tendon adaptation in elite athletes: Preliminary data from a 1-year longitudinal investigation
Koenig, M, Epro, G, McCrum, C, Bädorf, M, Schade, F and Karamanidis, K (2017). Monitoring muscle-tendon adaptation in elite athletes: Preliminary data from a 1-year longitudinal investigation. 22nd annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS). Essen 05 - 08 Jul 2017 London South Bank University.