Running into Fatigue: The Effects of Footwear on Kinematics, Kinetics, and Energetics.

Journal article


Sanno, M., Epro, G., Brüggemann, G-P. and Willwacher, S. (2020). Running into Fatigue: The Effects of Footwear on Kinematics, Kinetics, and Energetics. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002576
AuthorsSanno, M., Epro, G., Brüggemann, G-P. and Willwacher, S.
AbstractRecent studies identified a redistribution of positive mechanical work from distal to proximal joints during prolonged runs, which might partly explain the reduced running economy observed with running-induced fatigue. Higher mechanical demand of plantar flexor muscle-tendon-units, e.g., through minimal footwear, can lead to an earlier onset of fatigue, which might affect the redistribution of lower extremity joint work during prolonged runs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a racing-flat and cushioned running shoe on the joint-specific contributions to lower extremity joint work during a prolonged fatiguing run. On different days, eighteen runners performed two 10-km runs with near-maximal effort in a racing-flat and a cushioned shoe on an instrumented treadmill synchronized with a motion-capture-system. Joint kinetics and kinematics were calculated at 13 pre-determined distances throughout the run. The effects of shoes, distance, and their interaction were analyzed using a two-factor repeated-measures ANOVA. For both shoes, we found a redistribution of positive joint work from ankle (-6%) to knee (+3%) and hip (+3%) throughout the entire run. Negative ankle joint work was higher (p<0.01) with the racing-flat compared to the cushioned shoe. Initial differences in foot-strike patterns between shoes disappeared after 2 km of running distance. Irrespective of the shoe design, alterations in the running mechanics occurred in the first 2 km of the run, which might be attributed to the existence of a habituation rather than fatigue effect. While we did not find a difference between shoes in the fatigue-related redistribution of joint work from distal to more proximal joints, more systematical studies are needed to explore the effects of specific footwear design features. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2020 American College of Sports Medicine.]
Year2020
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
ISSN1530-0315
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002576
Publication dates
Online23 Dec 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted24 Nov 2020
Deposited03 Feb 2021
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Open
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