Matching triceps surae muscle strength and tendon stiffness eliminates age-related differences in drop-jump performance

Conference item


Koenig, M, Hemmers, S, McCrum, C, Epro, G, Ackermans, TMA, Hartmann, U and Karamanidis, K (2017). Matching triceps surae muscle strength and tendon stiffness eliminates age-related differences in drop-jump performance. 35th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports. Cologne 14 - 18 Jun 2017 London South Bank University.
AuthorsKoenig, M, Hemmers, S, McCrum, C, Epro, G, Ackermans, TMA, Hartmann, U and Karamanidis, K
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Age-related changes in locomotor performance and motor task execution strategy have been associated with reduced leg-extensor muscle-tendon unit capacities in old age (Karamanidis & Arampatzis, 2005; Kulmala et al., 2014). However, it remains unclear if leg-extensor muscle strength and tendon stiffness are the primary drivers of these alterations seen with ageing, or if other factors also play a role. We aimed to determine if potential age-related differences in drop jump (DJ) performance and motor task execution strategy would be eliminated in a group of younger and middle-aged adults when triceps surae (TS) muscle strength and Achilles tendon (AT) stiffness were matched. METHODS: Ankle plantarflexion moments and AT stiffness of both legs were assessed in 12 younger (20-30y) and 12 middle-aged (50-65y) adults during isometric plantarflexion contractions using dynamometry and ultrasonography synchronously. Tendon elongation during the loading phase was assessed by visualising the myotendinous junction of the gastrocnemius medialis muscle and stiffness of the AT was determined in the linear region of the force-length relationship. There were no significant differences between the matched young and middle-aged adults in maximal ankle plantarflexion moment (young: 3.2±0.4; middle-aged: 3.1±0.5 Nm/kg) and AT stiffness (580.3±121.8 vs. 590.2±108.4 N/mm). On a second occasion, the matched participants performed a series of DJs from different starting heights (13, 23, 33 and 39 cm) onto a force plate. A two-way ANOVA (factors: age, starting height) was performed in order to detect any age or starting height effects on DJ height and motor task execution strategy. The effect of TS muscle strength and AT stiffness on DJ height was investigated by using Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient. RESULTS: There was no significant age effect for DJ performance, meaning that matched younger and middle-aged adults achieved similar DJ heights, independent of starting height (Fig. 1). Concerning DJ mechanics, there were significant age effects (p<.05) on ground contact time, maximum vertical ground reaction force and mechanical power, with the middle-aged adults showing higher ground contact times (Fig. 2A), but lower forces (Fig. 2B) and lower mechanical power (Fig. 2C) for all starting heights. Significant correlations were found between DJ performance and TS muscle strength and AT stiffness (.41≤r≤.81; p<.05) for all starting heights. DISCUSSION: The results of the current study demonstrate that matching younger and middle-aged adults for TS muscle strength and AT stiffness eliminates age-related differences in the performance of a jumping task, independent of starting height and hence, task demand. However, the age groups used different motor task execution strategies, as measured by ground contact time, ground reaction forces and mechanical power for all starting heights, indicating that while changes in leg extensor muscle strength and tendon stiffness may be the primary drivers of deteriorated locomotor performance in older age, they may not be major contributors to motor task execution strategy during jumping. CONCLUSION: Jumping performance appears to be unaffected when leg extensor muscle strength and tendon stiffness are maintained with age and therefore, countering the degeneration of these properties may help prevent the decline in locomotor performance seen with ageing. REFERENCES: Karamanidis, K., & Arampatzis, A. (2005). Mechanical and morphological properties of different muscle-tendon units in the lower extremity and running mechanics: effect of aging and physical activity. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 208, 3907–23. Kulmala, J.-P., Korhonen, M. T., Kuitunen, S., Suominen, H., Heinonen, A., Mikkola, A., & Avela, J. (2014). Which muscles compromise human locomotor performance with age? Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 11, 20140858.

Year2017
PublisherLondon South Bank University
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
Publication dates
Print14 Jun 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited22 May 2017
Accepted02 May 2017
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/86z12

  • 9
    total views
  • 3
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 1
    downloads this month

Related outputs

Direct muscle electrical stimulation as a method for the in vivo assessment of force production in m. abductor hallucis
Olivera, A.L.P., Alzapiedi, D.F., Solan, M.C., Karamanidis, K., Mileva, K.N. and James, D.C. (2020). Direct muscle electrical stimulation as a method for the in vivo assessment of force production in m. abductor hallucis. Journal of Biomechanics. 100, p. 109606.
Improving Trip- and Slip-Resisting Skills in Older People: Perturbation Dose Matters
Karamanidis, K, Epro, G, McCrum, C and König, M. (2020). Improving Trip- and Slip-Resisting Skills in Older People: Perturbation Dose Matters. Exercise and sport sciences reviews. 48 (1), pp. 40-47.
Evidence of a Uniform Muscle-Tendon Unit Adaptation in Healthy Elite Track and Field Jumpers: A Cross Sectional Investigation.
Epro, G, Hunter, S, König, M, Schade, F and Karamanidis, K (2019). Evidence of a Uniform Muscle-Tendon Unit Adaptation in Healthy Elite Track and Field Jumpers: A Cross Sectional Investigation. Frontiers in physiology. 10, p. 574.
Stability-normalised walking speed: A new approach for human gait perturbation research
McCrum, C, Willems, P, Karamanidis, K and Meijer, K (2019). Stability-normalised walking speed: A new approach for human gait perturbation research. Journal of Biomechanics.
Retention, savings and interlimb transfer of reactive gait adaptations in humans following unexpected perturbations
McCrum, C, Karamanidis, K, Willems, P, Zijlstra, W and Meijer, K (2018). Retention, savings and interlimb transfer of reactive gait adaptations in humans following unexpected perturbations. Communications biology. 1 (1), p. 230.
Retention of improvement in gait stability over 14 weeks due to trip-perturbation training is dependent on perturbation dose
König, M, Epro, G, Seeley, J, Catalá-Lehnen, P, Potthast, W and Karamanidis, K (2018). Retention of improvement in gait stability over 14 weeks due to trip-perturbation training is dependent on perturbation dose. Journal of Biomechanics. 84, pp. 243-246.
Matching Participants for Triceps Surae Muscle Strength and Tendon Stiffness Does Not Eliminate Age-Related Differences in Mechanical Power Output During Jumping
Koenig, M, Hemmers, S, Epro, G, McCrum, C, Ackermans, TMA, Hartmann, U and Karamanidis, K (2018). Matching Participants for Triceps Surae Muscle Strength and Tendon Stiffness Does Not Eliminate Age-Related Differences in Mechanical Power Output During Jumping. Frontiers in physiology. 9, p. 1345.
Positive Work Contribution Shifts from Distal to Proximal Joints during a Prolonged Run
Sanno, M, Willwacher, S, Epro, G and Brüggemann, G-P (2018). Positive Work Contribution Shifts from Distal to Proximal Joints during a Prolonged Run. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.
The role of muscle strength on tendon adaptability in old age
Holzer, D, Epro, G, McCrum, C, Doerner, J, Luetkens, JA, Scheef, L, Kukuk, GM, Boecker, H, Mierau, A, Brüggemann, G-P, Maganaris, CN and Karamanidis, K (2018). The role of muscle strength on tendon adaptability in old age. European Journal of Applied Physiology.
Effects of Corrective Training on Drop Landing Ground Reaction Force Characteristics and Lower Limb Kinematics in Older Adults With Genu Valgus: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Jafarnezhadgero, A, Madadi-Shad, M, McCrum, C and Karamanidis, K (2018). Effects of Corrective Training on Drop Landing Ground Reaction Force Characteristics and Lower Limb Kinematics in Older Adults With Genu Valgus: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity.
Retention of gait stability improvements over 1.5 years in older adults: effects of perturbation exposure and triceps surae neuromuscular exercise.
Epro, G, Mierau, A, McCrum, C, Leyendecker, M, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2018). Retention of gait stability improvements over 1.5 years in older adults: effects of perturbation exposure and triceps surae neuromuscular exercise. Journal of Neurophysiology.
Alterations in Leg Extensor Muscle-Tendon Unit Biomechanical Properties With Ageing and Mechanical Loading.
McCrum, C, Leow, P, Epro, G, König, M, Meijer, K and Karamanidis, K (2018). Alterations in Leg Extensor Muscle-Tendon Unit Biomechanical Properties With Ageing and Mechanical Loading. Frontiers in physiology. 9, p. 150.
Effects of triceps surae muscle strength and tendon stiffness on the reactive dynamic stability and adaptability of older female adults during perturbed walking.
Epro, G, McCrum, C, Mierau, A, Leyendecker, M, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2018). Effects of triceps surae muscle strength and tendon stiffness on the reactive dynamic stability and adaptability of older female adults during perturbed walking. Journal of Applied Physiology.
Loading rate and contraction type effects on the human Achilles tendon force-elongation relationship
McCrum, C, Oberländer, KD, Epro, G, Krauss, P, Reeves, N and Karamanidis, K (2017). Loading rate and contraction type effects on the human Achilles tendon force-elongation relationship. 22nd Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Essen, Germany 05 - 08 Jul 2017 London South Bank University.
Loading rate and contraction duration effects on in vivo human Achilles tendon mechanical properties.
McCrum, C, Oberländer, KD, Epro, G, Krauss, P, James, DC, Reeves, N and Karamanidis, K (2017). Loading rate and contraction duration effects on in vivo human Achilles tendon mechanical properties. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging.
Effect of exercise-induced enhancement of the leg-extensor muscle-tendon unit capacities on ambulatory mechanics and knee osteoarthritis markers in the elderly.
Karamanidis, K, Oberländer, KD, Niehoff, A, Epro, G and Brüggemann, G-P (2014). Effect of exercise-induced enhancement of the leg-extensor muscle-tendon unit capacities on ambulatory mechanics and knee osteoarthritis markers in the elderly. PLoS ONE. 9 (6).
Muscle-tendon adaptation monitoring in elite athletes: Preliminary results from a longitudinal investigation
Epro, G, Koenig, M, McCrum, C, Baedorf, M, Schade, F and Karamanidis, K (2017). Muscle-tendon adaptation monitoring in elite athletes: Preliminary results from a longitudinal investigation. 35th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sport. Cologne, Germany 14 - 18 Jun 2017 London South Bank University.
Achilles tendon mechanosensitivity is preserved in old age: In vivo evidence from a 1.5 years long resistance training intervention
Epro, G, Mierau, A, Doerner, J, Luetkens, J, Scheef, L, Kukuk, G, Boecker, H, Maganaris, C, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2017). Achilles tendon mechanosensitivity is preserved in old age: In vivo evidence from a 1.5 years long resistance training intervention. 22nd annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Essen, Germany 05 - 08 Jul 2017 London South Bank University.
Matching participants for triceps surae mechanical properties eliminates age-related differences in drop jump performance
Koenig, M, Hemmers, S, McCrum, C, Epro, G, Ackermans, TMA, Hartmann, U and Karamanidis, K (2016). Matching participants for triceps surae mechanical properties eliminates age-related differences in drop jump performance. 11th Joint Conference on Motor Control & Learning, Biomechanics & Training of the German Society of Sports Sciences. Darmstadt, Germany 28 - 30 Sep 2016 London South Bank University.
Deficient recovery response and adaptive feedback potential in dynamic gait stability in unilateral peripheral vestibular disorder patients.
McCrum, C, Eysel-Gosepath, K, Epro, G, Meijer, K, Savelberg, HHCM, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2014). Deficient recovery response and adaptive feedback potential in dynamic gait stability in unilateral peripheral vestibular disorder patients. Physiological Reports. 2 (12), pp. 1-10.
Locomotor stability and adaptation during perturbed walking across the adult female lifespan.
McCrum, C, Epro, G, Meijer, K, Zijlstra, W, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2016). Locomotor stability and adaptation during perturbed walking across the adult female lifespan. Journal of Biomechanics. 49 (7), pp. 1244-1247.
Visual and proprioceptive contributions to postural control of upright stance in unilateral vestibulopathy.
Eysel-Gosepath, K, McCrum, C, Epro, G, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2016). Visual and proprioceptive contributions to postural control of upright stance in unilateral vestibulopathy. Somatosensory and Motor Research. 33 (2), pp. 72-78.
Aging and the effects of a half marathon on Achilles tendon force-elongation relationship.
Ackermans, TMA, Epro, G, McCrum, C, Oberländer, KD, Suhr, F, Drost, MR, Meijer, K and Karamanidis, K (2016). Aging and the effects of a half marathon on Achilles tendon force-elongation relationship. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 116 (11-12), pp. 2281-2292.
Use of a Lucas-Kanade-Based Template Tracking Algorithm to Examine In Vivo Tendon Excursion during Voluntary Contraction Using Ultrasonography.
Karamanidis, K, Travlou, A, Krauss, P and Jaekel, U (2016). Use of a Lucas-Kanade-Based Template Tracking Algorithm to Examine In Vivo Tendon Excursion during Voluntary Contraction Using Ultrasonography. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology. 42 (7), pp. 1689-1700.
Effect of long-term exercise-induced changes of the triceps surae muscle-tendon unit properties on maximal walking velocity in the elderly
Epro, G, Mierau, A, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2017). Effect of long-term exercise-induced changes of the triceps surae muscle-tendon unit properties on maximal walking velocity in the elderly. 10. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Biomechanik (DGfB). Hannover, Germany 29 - 31 Mar 2017 London South Bank University.
Muscle and tendon adaptation in young and older adult athletes: A combined longitudinal and cross sectional investigation
Koenig, M, Epro, G, McCrum, C, Ackermans, TMA, Schade, F and Karamanidis, K (2017). Muscle and tendon adaptation in young and older adult athletes: A combined longitudinal and cross sectional investigation. 10. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Biomechanik. Hannover 29 - 31 Mar 2017 London South Bank University.
Simplified triceps surae muscle volume assessment in the elderly
Epro, G, Koenig, M, Mersmann, F, Arampatzis, A and Karamanidis, K (2017). Simplified triceps surae muscle volume assessment in the elderly. 10. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Biomechanik (DGfB). Hannover, Germany 29 - 31 Mar 2017 London South Bank University.
The Achilles tendon is mechanosensitive in older adults: adaptations following 14 weeks versus 1.5 years of cyclic strain exercise.
Epro, G, Mierau, A, Doerner, J, Luetkens, J, Scheef, L, Kukuk, G, Boecker, H, Maganaris, C, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2017). The Achilles tendon is mechanosensitive in older adults: adaptations following 14 weeks versus 1.5 years of cyclic strain exercise. Journal of Experimental Biology. 220 (Pt 6), pp. 1008-1018.
A systematic review of gait perturbation paradigms for improving reactive stepping responses and falls risk among healthy older adults.
McCrum, C, Gerards, MHG, Karamanidis, K, Zijlstra, W and Meijer, K (2017). A systematic review of gait perturbation paradigms for improving reactive stepping responses and falls risk among healthy older adults. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity. 14, p. 3.
Age-related differences in drop-jump performance are eliminated by matching triceps surae muscle strength and Achilles tendon stiffness.
Koenig, M, Hemmers, S, McCrum, C, Epro, G, Ackermans, TMA, Hartmann, U and Karamanidis, K (2017). Age-related differences in drop-jump performance are eliminated by matching triceps surae muscle strength and Achilles tendon stiffness. 2017 BASES Biomechanics Interest Group (BIG) Meeting, Portsmouth. Portsmouth 19 - 19 Apr 2017 London South Bank University.
The effect of habitual athletics training on muscle and tendon adaptation in young and older elite athletes.
Koenig, M, Epro, G, McCrum, C, Bädorf, M, Schade, F and Karamanidis, K (2017). The effect of habitual athletics training on muscle and tendon adaptation in young and older elite athletes. 2017 BASES Biomechanics Interest Group (BIG) Meeting, Portsmouth. Portsmouth 19 - 19 Apr 2017 London South Bank University.
Age-related differences in drop jump performance are eliminated when triceps surae mechanical properties are matched
Koenig, M, Hemmers, S, McCrum, C, Epro, G, Ackermans, TMA, Hartmann, U and Karamanidis, K (2016). Age-related differences in drop jump performance are eliminated when triceps surae mechanical properties are matched. Dutch Society for Movement Sciences (VvBN) PhD Day 2016. Maastricht 09 - 09 Nov 2016 London South Bank University.
Associations Between Bipedal Stance Stability and Locomotor Stability Following a Trip in Unilateral Vestibulopathy
McCrum, C, Eysel-Gosepath, K, Epro, G, Meijer, K, Savelberg, HHCM, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2017). Associations Between Bipedal Stance Stability and Locomotor Stability Following a Trip in Unilateral Vestibulopathy. Journal of applied biomechanics. 33 (2), pp. 112-117.
EFFECT OF TRICEPS SURAE MUSCLE-TENDON UNIT MECHANICAL PROPERTIES ON GAIT STABILITY AND ADAPTABILITY IN OLDER FEMALE ADULTS
Epro, G, McCrum, C, Mierau, A, Leyendecker, M, Brüggemann, G-P and Karamanidis, K (2017). EFFECT OF TRICEPS SURAE MUSCLE-TENDON UNIT MECHANICAL PROPERTIES ON GAIT STABILITY AND ADAPTABILITY IN OLDER FEMALE ADULTS. BASES Biomechanics Interest Group (BIG) Meeting 2017. Portsmouth, UK 19 - 19 Apr 2017 London South Bank University.
Achilles tendon is mechanosensitive in old adults: a 1.5 year resistance training intervention
Epro, G, Mierau, A, Doerner, J, Luetkens, J, Scheef, L, Kukuk, G, Boecker, H, Maganaris, C and Karamanidis, K (2017). Achilles tendon is mechanosensitive in old adults: a 1.5 year resistance training intervention. BASES Biomechanics Interest Group (BIG) Meeting 2017. Portsmouth, UK 19 - 19 May 2017 London South Bank University.
Monitoring muscle-tendon adaptation in elite athletes: Preliminary data from a 1-year longitudinal investigation
Koenig, M, Epro, G, McCrum, C, Bädorf, M, Schade, F and Karamanidis, K (2017). Monitoring muscle-tendon adaptation in elite athletes: Preliminary data from a 1-year longitudinal investigation. 22nd annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS). Essen 05 - 08 Jul 2017 London South Bank University.