The effect of alcohol dependence on automatic visuo-spatial perspective taking

Journal article


Cox, S, Chandler, C, Simpson, A and Riggs, K (2016). The effect of alcohol dependence on automatic visuo-spatial perspective taking. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 166, pp. 21-25.
AuthorsCox, S, Chandler, C, Simpson, A and Riggs, K
Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd Background Alcoholism is associated with cognitive deficits that affect social functioning. Previous research has shown that alcoholism is associated with deficits in conscious, deliberate social processing. However, little is known about whether alcoholism also affects rapid, spontaneous processing. We therefore investigated the extent to which alcoholism affects the ability to spontaneously adopt the viewpoint of another in a visuo-spatial perspective taking (VSPT) task. Methods VSPT was measured in participants responding to a dot probe presented for 35 ms alongside neutral faces, fearful faces and baseline stimuli (rectangles). Results Non alcohol dependent participants showed the standard reaction time cost to fearful faces, but not neutral faces relative to baseline. However, Alcohol dependent (AD) participants showed a reaction time cost to both fearful and neutral faces. Conclusions AD participants are not impaired in their ability to automatically adopt the perspective of another. However, unlike non-AD participants, they show automatic perspective taking to both neutral and fearful faces.

KeywordsHumans; Alcoholism; Facial Expression; Photic Stimulation; Fear; Space Perception; Psychomotor Performance; Reaction Time; Adult; Middle Aged; Female; Male
Year2016
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Journal citation166, pp. 21-25
ISSN0376-8716
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.06.007
Publication dates
Print16 Jun 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited13 Feb 2019
Accepted08 Jun 2016
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