Fuel Production Using Membrane Reactors

Journal article


Constantinou, A, Hafeez, S, Manos, G and Al-Salem, S (2020). Fuel Production Using Membrane Reactors. Environmental Chemistry Letters. 159. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-020-01024-7
AuthorsConstantinou, A, Hafeez, S, Manos, G and Al-Salem, S
Abstract

The constant increase in population has led to greater fossil fuel consumption, and subsequently a significant increase in greenhouse gases emission to the atmosphere. This presents a serious threat to the environment and impacts climate change to a great extent. Fossil fuel supplies are depleting fast, and the price of these fuels is also increasing due to their heightened demand. The environmental concerns regarding this are the increased emissions of harmful pollutants
such as carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and hydrocarbons. Here we review the alternative fuel technologies which are currently employed to aid the eradication of the current environmental problems. Most notably, this review will demonstrate how membrane reactors are implemented
to improve and intensify the existing renewable fuel production processes. Furthermore, the advantages of membrane reactors when compared to the conventional ones, will be discussed; and the environmental benefits these particular reactors pose will also be highlighted. We will
showcase how these membrane reactors have been applied successfully to improve biodiesel, hydrogen and Fischer-Tropsch synthesis processes. The application of membranes aids the increase in the conversion of desired products, whilst shifting the equilibrium of the reaction
and reducing undesired by-products. Membrane reactors also overcome immiscibility issues that hinder conventional reactor processes. Moreover, they have also demonstrated a significant reduction in the separation and purification of impurities, as they couple them both in one step.
This shows drastic economic and energy requirement reductions in the amount of wastewater treatment associated with conventional fuel production reactor.

KeywordsMembrane reactors; Hydrocarbons; Fischer-Tropsch; Fuel; Energy
Year2020
JournalEnvironmental Chemistry Letters
Journal citation159
PublisherSpringer (part of Springer Nature)
ISSN1610-3653
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-020-01024-7
Publication dates
Print08 Jun 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted01 Jun 2020
Deposited04 Jun 2020
Accepted author manuscript
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Controlled
Publisher's version
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Open
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