A Review of The Valorisation and Management of Industrial Spent Catalyst Waste in The Context of Sustainable Practice: The Case of The State of Kuwait in Parallel to European Industry

Journal article


Constantinou, A., Al-Salem, S., Leeke, G.A., Hafeez, S., Karam, H.J., Al-Qassimi, M., Al-Dhafeeri, A.T., Manos, G. and Arena, U. (2019). A Review of The Valorisation and Management of Industrial Spent Catalyst Waste in The Context of Sustainable Practice: The Case of The State of Kuwait in Parallel to European Industry. Waste Management and Research. 37 (11), pp. 1127-1141. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X1987668
AuthorsConstantinou, A., Al-Salem, S., Leeke, G.A., Hafeez, S., Karam, H.J., Al-Qassimi, M., Al-Dhafeeri, A.T., Manos, G. and Arena, U.
Abstract

Industrial solid waste management encompasses a vital part of developed and developing countries strategies alike. It manages waste generated from vital industries and governs the hazardous waste generated as a major component of integrated waste management strategies. This communication reviews the practices that govern the management approaches utilised in the developed world for industrial spent catalysts. It critically assess the current situation of waste management within the developing world region focusing on the industrial waste component, in a novel attempt to crucially develop a way forward strategy based on best practices and future directions with major European industries. The review also draws parallels with European countries to compare their practices with those of the State of Kuwait, which rely solely on landfilling for the management of its industrial waste. Spent catalysts recovery methods are discussed in length covering conventional methods of valuable metals and chemicals recovery (e.g. hydrometallurgical, solid/liquid and liquid-liquid extraction) as well as biological recovery methods. A major gap exists within regulations that govern the practice of managing industrial waste in Kuwait, where it is essential to start regulating industries that generate spent catalysts in-view of encouraging the establishment of valorisation industries for metal and chemical recovery. This will also create a sustainable practice within state borders, and can reduce the environmental impact of landfilling such waste in Kuwait.

Year2019
JournalWaste Management and Research
Journal citation37 (11), pp. 1127-1141
PublisherSage
ISSN1096-3669
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X1987668
Publication dates
Print01 Nov 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted25 Aug 2019
Deposited15 Oct 2019
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
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