Plastic Solid Waste (PSW) in the Context of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Sustainable Management

Journal article


Constantinou, A, Antelava, A, Hafeez, S, Manos, G, Al-Salem, S, Sharma, B K and Kohli, K (2019). Plastic Solid Waste (PSW) in the Context of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Sustainable Management. Environmental Management. 64, pp. 230-244. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-019-01178-3
AuthorsConstantinou, A, Antelava, A, Hafeez, S, Manos, G, Al-Salem, S, Sharma, B K and Kohli, K
Abstract

Over the past few decades, life cycle assessment (LCA) has been established as a critical tool for the evaluation of the environmental burdens of chemical processes and materials cycles. The increasing amount of plastic solid waste (PSW) in landfills has raised serious concern worldwide for the most effective treatment. Thermochemical post-treatment processes, such as pyrolysis, seem as the most appropriate method to treat this type of waste in an effective manner. This is because such processes lead to the production of useful chemicals or hydrocarbon oil of high calorific value (i.e. bio-oil in the case of pyrolysis). LCA seems as the most appropriate tool for the process design from an environmental context, however, addressed limitations including initial assumptions, functional unit and system boundaries, as well as lack of regional database and exclusion of socio-economic aspects, may hinder the final decision. This review aims to address the benefits of pyrolysis as a method for PSW treatment and raise the limitations and gaps of conducted research via an environmental standpoint.

Year2019
JournalEnvironmental Management
Journal citation64, pp. 230-244
PublisherSpringer (part of Springer Nature)
ISSN0364-152X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-019-01178-3
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00267-019-01178-3
Publication dates
Online22 Jun 2019
Print15 Aug 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited06 Jun 2019
Accepted29 May 2019
Accepted author manuscript
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Open
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