Membrane Reactors for Renewable Fuel Production and Their Environmental Benefits
Hafeez, S., Al-Salem, S.M. and Constantinou, A. (2020). Membrane Reactors for Renewable Fuel Production and Their Environmental Benefits. in: Zhang, Z (ed.) Membranes for Environmental Applications Springer.
|Authors||Hafeez, S., Al-Salem, S.M. and Constantinou, A.|
In this communication, we discuss various production methods as potential venues targeted towards alternative fuel generation. These will revolve around the Fischer-Tropsch (FT) process, biodiesel and hydrogen generation techniques. The implementation of membrane reactors in the production of fuels will be shown and discussed; and their advantages will be detailed. The main routes of hydrogen production are also detailed, which include autothermal reforming and biological process. This was done to compare the main advantages of various techniques for the production of hydrogen, as it is noted to be the most desired utility fuel that can serve various purposes. The application of membranes also facilitates an increase in the conversion of desired products, whilst shifting the equilibrium of the reaction and reducing undesired by-products. Membrane reactors also overcome immiscibility issues that hinder conventional reactor processes. Membrane reactors are also demonstrated to reduce the difficulty in separating and purifying impurities, as they couple separation and reaction in one process. This shows drastic economic and energy requirement reductions in the amount of wastewater treatment associated with conventional fuel production reactor. Emphasis is also paid to catalytic membranes used for the production of biodiesel, which can also remove glycerol from the product line as an added advantage.
|Book title||Membranes for Environmental Applications|
|01 Mar 2020|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||07 Jun 2019|
|Accepted||15 Jan 2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-33978-4_10|
|Web address (URL)||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-33978-4_10|
|Journal||Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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