Membrane Reactors for Renewable Fuel Production and Their Environmental Benefits

Book chapter


Constantinou, A, Hafeez, S and Al Salem, SM (2020). Membrane Reactors for Renewable Fuel Production and Their Environmental Benefits. in: Zhang, Z (ed.) Membranes for Environmental Applications Springer.
AuthorsConstantinou, A, Hafeez, S and Al Salem, SM
EditorsZhang, Z
Abstract

In this communication, we discuss various production methods as potential venues targeted towards alternative fuel generation. These will revolve around the Fischer-Tropsch (FT) process, biodiesel and hydrogen generation techniques. The implementation of membrane reactors in the production of fuels will be shown and discussed; and their advantages will be detailed. The main routes of hydrogen production are also detailed, which include autothermal reforming and biological process. This was done to compare the main advantages of various techniques for the production of hydrogen, as it is noted to be the most desired utility fuel that can serve various purposes. The application of membranes also facilitates an increase in the conversion of desired products, whilst shifting the equilibrium of the reaction and reducing undesired by-products. Membrane reactors also overcome immiscibility issues that hinder conventional reactor processes. Membrane reactors are also demonstrated to reduce the difficulty in separating and purifying impurities, as they couple separation and reaction in one process. This shows drastic economic and energy requirement reductions in the amount of wastewater treatment associated with conventional fuel production reactor. Emphasis is also paid to catalytic membranes used for the production of biodiesel, which can also remove glycerol from the product line as an added advantage.

Year2020
Book titleMembranes for Environmental Applications
PublisherSpringer
Edition1
Publication dates
Print01 Mar 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited07 Jun 2019
Accepted15 Jan 2019
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1007/978-3-030-33978-4_10
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open
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