Digital Twins for Smart Building at the Facility Management Stage: A Systematic Review of Enablers, Applications, and Challenges

Journal article


Ghansah, F. (2024). Digital Twins for Smart Building at the Facility Management Stage: A Systematic Review of Enablers, Applications, and Challenges . Smart and Sustainable Built Environment. https://doi.org/10.1108/SASBE-10-2023-0298
AuthorsGhansah, F.
Abstract

Purpose: Despite the opportunities of digital twins (DTs) for smart buildings, limited research has been conducted regarding the facility management stage, and this is explained by the high complexity of accurately representing and modelling the physics behind the DTs process. This study thus organises and consolidates the fragmented literature on the DTs implementation for smart buildings at the facility management stage by exploring the enablers, applications, and challenges, and examines the interrelationships among them.

Methodology: A systematic literature review approach is adopted to analyse and synthesise the existing literature relating to the subject topic.

Findings: The study revealed six main categories of enablers of DTs for smart budling at the facility management stage, namely perception technologies, network technologies, storage technologies, application technologies, knowledge building, and design processes. Three substantial categories of DTs application for smart buildings were revealed at the facility management stage: efficient operation and service monitoring, efficient building energy management, and effective smart building maintenance. Subsequently, the top four major challenges were identified as being “lack of a systematic and comprehensive reference model”, “real-time data integration”, “the complexity and uncertainty nature of real-time data”, and “real-time data visualisation”. An integrative framework is finally proposed by examining the interactive relationship among the enablers, the applications, and the challenges.

Practical implication: The findings could guide facility managers/engineers to fairly understand the enablers, applications, and challenges when DTs is being implemented to improve smart building performance and achieve user satisfaction at the facility management stage.

Originality: This study contributes to the knowledge body on DTs by extending the scope of the existing studies to identify the enablers and applications of DTs for smart buildings at the facility management stage and the specific challenges

KeywordsChallenges, Digital twins, Enablers, Facility Management, Intelligent buildings, Smart buildings.
Year2024
JournalSmart and Sustainable Built Environment
PublisherEmerald
ISSN 2046-6099
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1108/SASBE-10-2023-0298
Publication process dates
Accepted05 Feb 2024
Deposited21 Feb 2024
Accepted author manuscript
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Open
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