Managerial framework for quality assurance of cross-border construction logistics and supply chain during pandemic and post-pandemic: lessons from COVID-19 in the world’s factory

Journal article


Ghansah, F. A. and Lu, W. (2024). Managerial framework for quality assurance of cross-border construction logistics and supply chain during pandemic and post-pandemic: lessons from COVID-19 in the world’s factory. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management. https://doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-10-2023-1050
AuthorsGhansah, F. A. and Lu, W.
Abstract

Purpose: While the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the construction industry, it is still unclear from prior studies about adequately positioning the quality assurance (QA) for the post-pandemic era and future pandemics, especially Cross-border Construction-Logistics-and-Supply Chain (Cb-CLSC). Thus, this study aims to develop a managerial framework to position the QA of Cb-CLSC during pandemics and post-pandemics by taking lessons from how COVID-19 has impacted the existing QA systems and has been managed successfully.
Methodology: This is achieved pragmatically through an embedded mixed-method design involving a literature review, survey, and interview from experts within the Hong Kong SAR-Mainland China links, typically known as the world’s factory. The design is further integrated with the partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) approach.
Findings: The study revealed 10 critical managerial practices (MPs) to position the QA to be adequate for the post-pandemic and during future pandemics, with the top three including “strict observance of government regulations (MP1)”, “planning ahead the period of quality assurance with the quarantine days in host countries (MP6)”, and “modification of contract to cater for uncertainties (MP4)”. This attained a relatively good percentage agreement of 53% between the industry and academia. However, the top four MPs regarded as very effective include “implementing digital collaborative inspections with subcontractors and trades (MP8)”, “implementing a digital centralized document and issue management system (MP7)”, “strict observance to government regulations, including vaccination of workers, social distancing, use of prescribed nose masks, etc. (MP1)”, and “planning ahead the period of quality assurance with the quarantine days in host countries (MP6)”. Two underlying components of the MPs were revealed as policy-process (PP)-related practices and people-technology-process (PTP)-related practices, and these can be modelled into a managerial framework capable of effectively positioning the QA to be adequate during pandemics through to the post-pandemic era.
Implications: The findings of this study depicted significant theoretical and practical contributions to the proactive management of QA activities during pandemics through to the post-pandemic era. It could empower organisations to pay attention to smartly and innovatively balancing people, processes, pandemic policy, and technology to inform decisions to effectively position the QA for the post-pandemic era and survive the risks of future pandemics.
Originality: The study contributes to the body of knowledge in that it develops a managerial framework to position the QA of Cb-CLSC during pandemics and post-pandemics by taking lessons from how COVID-19 has impacted the existing QA systems and has been managed successfully. It is original research with invaluable primary data in the form of surveys and interviews from experts within the Hong Kong SAR-Mainland China links, typically known as the world’s factory.

KeywordsCOVID-19, Cross-border construction logistics and supply chain, Hong Kong SAR–Mainland China links, Managerial practices, Construction quality assurance
Year2024
JournalEngineering, Construction and Architectural Management
PublisherEmerald
ISSN1365-232X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-10-2023-1050
Publication dates
Print30 Jan 2024
Publication process dates
Accepted08 Jan 2024
Deposited19 Jan 2024
Accepted author manuscript
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File Access Level
Open
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