Cyber-Physical Systems and Digital Twins for “Cognitive Building” in the Construction Industry

Journal article


Ghansah, F. and Lu, W. (2023). Cyber-Physical Systems and Digital Twins for “Cognitive Building” in the Construction Industry. Construction Innovation. https://doi.org/10.1108/CI-07-2022-0164
AuthorsGhansah, F. and Lu, W.
Abstract

Purpose: Despite the growing attention on the relevance of improved building management systems with cognition in recent years in the architecture, engineering, construction and operation (AECO) community, no review has been conducted to understand the human-environment interaction features of cyber-physical systems (CPS) and digital twins (DTs) in developing the concept of a cognitive building (CB). Thus, this paper aims to review existing studies on CPS and DTs for CB to propose a comprehensive system architecture that considers human-environment interactions.

Design/methodology/approach: Scientometric analysis and content analysis were adopted for this study.

Findings: The scientometric analysis of 1,042 journal papers showed the major themes of CPS/DTs for CB, and these can be categorized into three key technologies to realize CB in the AECO community: CPS, DTs and cognitive computing (CC). Content analysis of 44 relevant publications in the built environment assisted in understanding and evidently confirming the claim of this study on the integration of CPS and DTs for CB in construction by also involving the CC. It is found and confirmed that CB can be realized with CPS and DTs along with the CC. A CB system architecture (CBSA) is proposed from the three key technologies considering the human-environment interactions in the loop. The study discovered the potential applications of the CBSA across the building lifecycle phases, including the design, construction and operations and maintenance, with the potential promise of endowing resilience, intelligence, greater efficiency and self-adaptiveness. Based on the findings of the review, four research directions are proposed: human-environment interactions, CB for sustainable building performance, CB concept for modular buildings and moving beyond CB.

Originality/value: This study stands out for comprehensively surveying the intellectual core and the landscape of the general body of knowledge on CPS/DTs for CB in the built environment. It makes a distinctive contribution to knowledge as it does not only propose CBSA by integrating CPS and DTs along with CC but also suggests some potential practical applications. These may require expert judgments and real case examples to enhance reproducibility and validation.

Year2023
JournalConstruction Innovation
PublisherEmerald
ISSN1471-4175
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1108/CI-07-2022-0164
Publication dates
Print01 Aug 2023
Publication process dates
Deposited19 Jan 2024
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
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