No one is safe! But who’s more susceptible? Locus of control moderates pandemic perceptions’ effects on job insecurity and psychosocial factors amongst MENA hospitality frontliners: a PLS-SEM approach

Journal article


Mahmoud, A.B., Reisel, W.D., Hack-Polay, D. and Fuxman, L. (2023). No one is safe! But who’s more susceptible? Locus of control moderates pandemic perceptions’ effects on job insecurity and psychosocial factors amongst MENA hospitality frontliners: a PLS-SEM approach. BMC Public Health. 21 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-12071-2
AuthorsMahmoud, A.B., Reisel, W.D., Hack-Polay, D. and Fuxman, L.
Abstract

Background
The research aimed to formulate and test a model concerning COVID-19 perceptions effects on job insecurity and a set of psychosocial factors comprising anxiety, depression, job burnout and job alienation in the Middle East and North African (hereafter, MENA) regional context. Also, the study attempted to examine whether locus of control can moderate these hypothesised linkages amongst customer service employees working in MENA hospitality organisations.

Methods
The study is based on a sample of 885 responses to an online survey and Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM).

Results
The main findings show the existence of a significant correlation between COVID perceptions and job insecurity and all psychosocial factors, i.e., more intense COVID-19 perceptions accompany higher levels of job insecurity, anxiety, depression, job burnout and job alienation. Furthermore, our results revealed that, in pandemic time, hospitality customer service employees with external locus of control are more likely to suffer higher alienation, anxiety and depression than those with internal locus of control.

Conclusions
The research originality centres on the establishment that COVID-19 has a severe negative impact within the hospitality customer service labour force (in the MENA region). These effects were more profound for participants who claimed external locus of control than those with internal locus of control.

Year2023
JournalBMC Public Health
Journal citation21 (2023)
PublisherBMC
ISSN1471-2458
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-12071-2
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-12071-2
Publication dates
Online06 Nov 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted21 Oct 2021
Deposited20 Jul 2023
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
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