Ionic Liquid Processing of Residual Wood Powder into Additive-Free Wood Composites

Journal article


Barr, M.R. and Lee, K.Y. (2024). Ionic Liquid Processing of Residual Wood Powder into Additive-Free Wood Composites. Waste and Biomass Valorization. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-024-02586-1
AuthorsBarr, M.R. and Lee, K.Y.
Abstract

This work presents a novel process for production of additive-free wood composites by ionic liquid treatment of wood powder involving extraction of lignin followed by precipitation onto particle surfaces, and hot pressing to form a cellulose-reinforced lignin biocomposite. Physicochemical properties of lignin-coated wood powders, as well as their degree of fusion upon hot pressing, were evaluated with the aim of optimising ionic liquid treatment and hot-pressing conditions. Optimal conditions to achieve complete fusion while minimising process energy demand were determined using response surface methodology, and mechanisms of process parameter effects investigated using gas pycnometry, electron microscopy, image analysis, thermogravimetry, and calorimetry. These novel materials, derived solely from waste with only reusable reagents, represent a sustainable alternative to existing engineered wood products, which rely on petrochemical additives that release toxic volatile compounds, offering a means to reduce environmental and health hazards associated with production and use of composites from wood waste.

KeywordsBiocomposite; Lignin; Fibreboard; Biomass; Structural; Pretreatment; Sawdust; Binder
Year2024
JournalWaste and Biomass Valorization
PublisherSpringer
ISSN1877-2641
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-024-02586-1
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12649-024-02586-1
Publication dates
Online31 May 2024
Publication process dates
Accepted16 May 2024
Deposited31 May 2024
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Controlled
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/97502

Download files


Publisher's version
  • 18
    total views
  • 6
    total downloads
  • 7
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Biochar-based wastewater treatment to combat antimicrobial resistance
Fady, P.-E., Richardson, A. K., Barron, L. P., Mason, A. J., Volpe, R. and Barr, M. R. (2022). Biochar-based wastewater treatment to combat antimicrobial resistance. XII Iberoamerican Congress on Pulp and Paper Research. Girona, Spain 28 Jun - 01 Jul 2022 https://doi.org/10256/21215
Producing cellulose-reinforced biocomposite films from biomass using ionic liquids
Barr, M. and Lee, K.-Y. (2022). Producing cellulose-reinforced biocomposite films from biomass using ionic liquids. XII Iberoamerican Congress on Pulp and Paper Research. Girona, Spain 28 Jun - 01 Jul 2022 University of Girona. https://doi.org//10256/21215
Alkaline pretreatment of walnut shells increases pore surface hydrophilicity of derived biochars
Barr, M. R., Forster, L., D’Agostino, C. and Volpe, R. (2022). Alkaline pretreatment of walnut shells increases pore surface hydrophilicity of derived biochars. Applied Surface Science. 571, p. 151253. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2021.151253
Towards a mechanistic understanding of particle shrinkage during biomass pyrolysis via synchrotron X-ray microtomography and in-situ radiography
Barr, M. R., Jervis, R., Zhang, Y., Bodey, A. J., Rau, C., Shearing, P. R., Brett, D. J. L., Titirici, M.-M. and Volpe, R. (2021). Towards a mechanistic understanding of particle shrinkage during biomass pyrolysis via synchrotron X-ray microtomography and in-situ radiography. Scientific Reports. 11, p. 2656. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-80228-x
Identifying Synergistic Effects between Biomass Components during Pyrolysis and Pointers Concerning Experiment Design
Barr, M. R., Volpe, R. and Kandiyoti, R. (2021). Identifying Synergistic Effects between Biomass Components during Pyrolysis and Pointers Concerning Experiment Design. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 9 (16), p. 5603–5612. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c00051
Liquid biofuels from food crops in transportation – A balance sheet of outcomes
Barr, M. R., Volpe, R. and Kandiyoti, R. (2021). Liquid biofuels from food crops in transportation – A balance sheet of outcomes. Chemical Engineering Science: X. 10, p. 100090. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cesx.2021.100090
X-Ray Image Analysis Code
Barr, M. R. (2020). X-Ray Image Analysis Code. OpenAIRE. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3742013
Characterization of aggregate behaviors of torrefied biomass as a function of reaction severity
Barr, M., Kung, K. S., Thengane, S. K., Mohan, V., Sweeney, D. and Ghoniem, A. F. (2020). Characterization of aggregate behaviors of torrefied biomass as a function of reaction severity. Fuel. 266, p. 117152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2020.117152
Reactivity of cellulose during hydrothermal carbonization of lignocellulosic biomass.
Volpe, M., Messineo, A., Makela, M., Barr, M. R., Volpe, R., Corrado, C. and Fiori, L. (2020). Reactivity of cellulose during hydrothermal carbonization of lignocellulosic biomass. Fuel Processing Technology. 206, p. 106456. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2020.106456
On the suitability of thermogravimetric balances for the study of biomass pyrolysis
Barr, M., Volpe, M., Messineo, A. and Volpe, R. (2020). On the suitability of thermogravimetric balances for the study of biomass pyrolysis. Fuel. 276, p. 118069. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2020.118069
Towards resolving mechanisms of particle shrinking during biomass pyrolysis via micro-computed tomography and in-situ radiography
Barr, M. R., Zhang Y., Jervis R., Bodey A., Rau C. and Volpe R. (2019). Towards resolving mechanisms of particle shrinking during biomass pyrolysis via micro-computed tomography and in-situ radiography. Centre of Advanced Materials for Integrated Energy Systems Workshop: Multi-Modal Characterisation of Energy Materials . Cambridge, UK 06 Nov 2019
Study of char morphology during biomass pyrolysis and gasification via micro-computed tomography
Barr, M. R., Zhang, Y., Jervis, R. and Volpe, R. (2019). Study of char morphology during biomass pyrolysis and gasification via micro-computed tomography. American Chemical Society Fall 2019 National Meeting & Exposition. San Diego, CA, USA 25 - 29 Aug 2019
Influence of Reactor Design on Product Distributions from Biomass Pyrolysis
Barr, M., Volpe, R. and Kandiyoti, R. (2019). Influence of Reactor Design on Product Distributions from Biomass Pyrolysis. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 7 (16), p. 13734–13745. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b01368
A Simple Standardization Method for the Biodiesel Cold Soak Filtration Apparatus
Haas, M. J., Barr, M. R., Phillips, J. and Wagner, K. M. (2015). A Simple Standardization Method for the Biodiesel Cold Soak Filtration Apparatus. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. 92 (9), pp. 1357-1363. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11746-015-2695-3