Reactivity of cellulose during hydrothermal carbonization of lignocellulosic biomass.

Journal article


Volpe, M., Messineo, A., Makela, M., Barr, M. R., Volpe, R., Corrado, C. and Fiori, L. (2020). Reactivity of cellulose during hydrothermal carbonization of lignocellulosic biomass. Fuel Processing Technology. 206, p. 106456. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2020.106456
AuthorsVolpe, M., Messineo, A., Makela, M., Barr, M. R., Volpe, R., Corrado, C. and Fiori, L.
Abstract

Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of pure cellulose (CE) and birchwood (BW) samples was carried out at temperatures between 160 and 280 °C, 0.5 h residence time and biomass-to-water ratio 1:5, to investigate the reactivity of cellulose in lignocellulosic biomass. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) showed that the CE samples remained unaltered at temperatures up to 220 °C, but were significantly decomposed at 230 °C producing a thermal recalcitrant aromatic and high energy-dense material. FTIR showed that dehydration and aromatization reactions occurred at temperature equal or higher than 230 °C for the CE samples while a similar increase in aromatization for the BW hydrochars was evident only at temperatures equal or higher than 260 °C. Acid hydrolysis, TGA and FTIR suggested that a higher thermal resistance of naturally occurring cellulose in BW (when compared to CE sample) could be related to a ‘protecting shield’ offered by interlinked lignin in the plant matrix.

KeywordsHydrothermal carbonization; Solid biofuel; Cellulose reactivity; Birchwood; Acid hydrolysis
Year2020
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Journal citation206, p. 106456
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1873-7188
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2020.106456
Web address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378382020302162
Publication dates
PrintSep 2020
Print28 Apr 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted20 Apr 2020
Deposited29 Aug 2023
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/94v77

Download files


Accepted author manuscript
Volpe Reactivity of cellulose 2020 Accepted.pdf
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
File access level: Open

  • 30
    total views
  • 163
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 3
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Ionic Liquid Processing of Residual Wood Powder into Additive-Free Wood Composites
Barr, M.R. and Lee, K.Y. (2024). Ionic Liquid Processing of Residual Wood Powder into Additive-Free Wood Composites. Waste and Biomass Valorization. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-024-02586-1
Biochar-based wastewater treatment to combat antimicrobial resistance
Fady, P.-E., Richardson, A. K., Barron, L. P., Mason, A. J., Volpe, R. and Barr, M. R. (2022). Biochar-based wastewater treatment to combat antimicrobial resistance. XII Iberoamerican Congress on Pulp and Paper Research. Girona, Spain 28 Jun - 01 Jul 2022 https://doi.org/10256/21215
Producing cellulose-reinforced biocomposite films from biomass using ionic liquids
Barr, M. and Lee, K.-Y. (2022). Producing cellulose-reinforced biocomposite films from biomass using ionic liquids. XII Iberoamerican Congress on Pulp and Paper Research. Girona, Spain 28 Jun - 01 Jul 2022 University of Girona. https://doi.org//10256/21215
Alkaline pretreatment of walnut shells increases pore surface hydrophilicity of derived biochars
Barr, M. R., Forster, L., D’Agostino, C. and Volpe, R. (2022). Alkaline pretreatment of walnut shells increases pore surface hydrophilicity of derived biochars. Applied Surface Science. 571, p. 151253. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2021.151253
Towards a mechanistic understanding of particle shrinkage during biomass pyrolysis via synchrotron X-ray microtomography and in-situ radiography
Barr, M. R., Jervis, R., Zhang, Y., Bodey, A. J., Rau, C., Shearing, P. R., Brett, D. J. L., Titirici, M.-M. and Volpe, R. (2021). Towards a mechanistic understanding of particle shrinkage during biomass pyrolysis via synchrotron X-ray microtomography and in-situ radiography. Scientific Reports. 11, p. 2656. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-80228-x
Identifying Synergistic Effects between Biomass Components during Pyrolysis and Pointers Concerning Experiment Design
Barr, M. R., Volpe, R. and Kandiyoti, R. (2021). Identifying Synergistic Effects between Biomass Components during Pyrolysis and Pointers Concerning Experiment Design. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 9 (16), p. 5603–5612. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c00051
Liquid biofuels from food crops in transportation – A balance sheet of outcomes
Barr, M. R., Volpe, R. and Kandiyoti, R. (2021). Liquid biofuels from food crops in transportation – A balance sheet of outcomes. Chemical Engineering Science: X. 10, p. 100090. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cesx.2021.100090
X-Ray Image Analysis Code
Barr, M. R. (2020). X-Ray Image Analysis Code. OpenAIRE. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3742013
Characterization of aggregate behaviors of torrefied biomass as a function of reaction severity
Barr, M., Kung, K. S., Thengane, S. K., Mohan, V., Sweeney, D. and Ghoniem, A. F. (2020). Characterization of aggregate behaviors of torrefied biomass as a function of reaction severity. Fuel. 266, p. 117152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2020.117152
On the suitability of thermogravimetric balances for the study of biomass pyrolysis
Barr, M., Volpe, M., Messineo, A. and Volpe, R. (2020). On the suitability of thermogravimetric balances for the study of biomass pyrolysis. Fuel. 276, p. 118069. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2020.118069
Towards resolving mechanisms of particle shrinking during biomass pyrolysis via micro-computed tomography and in-situ radiography
Barr, M. R., Zhang Y., Jervis R., Bodey A., Rau C. and Volpe R. (2019). Towards resolving mechanisms of particle shrinking during biomass pyrolysis via micro-computed tomography and in-situ radiography. Centre of Advanced Materials for Integrated Energy Systems Workshop: Multi-Modal Characterisation of Energy Materials . Cambridge, UK 06 Nov 2019
Study of char morphology during biomass pyrolysis and gasification via micro-computed tomography
Barr, M. R., Zhang, Y., Jervis, R. and Volpe, R. (2019). Study of char morphology during biomass pyrolysis and gasification via micro-computed tomography. American Chemical Society Fall 2019 National Meeting & Exposition. San Diego, CA, USA 25 - 29 Aug 2019
Influence of Reactor Design on Product Distributions from Biomass Pyrolysis
Barr, M., Volpe, R. and Kandiyoti, R. (2019). Influence of Reactor Design on Product Distributions from Biomass Pyrolysis. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 7 (16), p. 13734–13745. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b01368
A Simple Standardization Method for the Biodiesel Cold Soak Filtration Apparatus
Haas, M. J., Barr, M. R., Phillips, J. and Wagner, K. M. (2015). A Simple Standardization Method for the Biodiesel Cold Soak Filtration Apparatus. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. 92 (9), pp. 1357-1363. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11746-015-2695-3